【叙述的用法の形容詞】 〔+to do〕〈…することが〉できて，〈…し〉えて 《★【用法】 (1) 通例生物の主語に用いる. (2) can の代わりに用いるが，特に can に未来形・完了形がないので，will [shall] be able to，have [has，had] been able to で補充する; また，can の過去形は could だが，仮定などの意味にも用いるので，was [were] able to が好まれる. (3) この意味のときの比較級は better [more] able to…than… となる》.
|-tro-||-tlo-, -dhro-, -dhlo-の異形。（-ability,-ableなど）|
出典:『Wiktionary』 (2013/04/04 17:24 UTC 版)
- (obsolete, passive) Easy to use. [Attested from around (1350 to 1470) until the mid 18th century.]
- (obsolete, passive) Suitable; competent. [Attested from around (1350 to 1470) until the late 18th century.]
- 2006, Jon L. Wakelyn, America's Founding Charters: Primary Documents of Colonial and Revolutionary Era Governance, Volume 1, Greenwood Publishing Group, pages 212:
- (obsolete, dialectal, passive) Liable to. [First attested from around (1350 to 1470).]
- Having the necessary powers or the needed resources to accomplish a task. [First attested from around (1350 to 1470).]
- Free from constraints preventing completion of task; permitted to; not prevented from. [First attested from around 1350 to 1470).]
- (obsolete, dialectal) Having the physical strength; robust; healthy. [First attested from around (1350 to 1470).]
- (obsolete) Rich; well-to-do. [Attested from the mid 16th century until the late 19th century.]
- Gifted with skill, intelligence, knowledge, or competence. [First attested in the mid 16th century.]
- (law) Legally qualified or competent. [First attested in the early 18th century.]
- (nautical) Capable of performing all the requisite duties; as an able seaman. [First attested in the late 18th century.]
- (transitive, obsolete) To make ready. [Attested from around (1150 to 1350) until the late 16th century.]
- (transitive, obsolete) To make capable; to enable. [Attested from around (1350 to 1470) until the late 19th century.]
- (transitive, obsolete) To dress. [Attested from around (1350 to 1470) until the late 15th century.]
- (transitive, obsolete) To give power to; to reinforce; to confirm. [Attested from around (1350 to 1470) until the mid 17th century.]
- (transitive, obsolete) To vouch for; to guarantee. [Attested from the late 16th century until the early 17th century.]
- 2003 , Brown, Lesley editor, The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, edition 5th, Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-860575-7, page 5:
- ^ 1976 , Gove, Philip Babcock editor, Webster's Third International Dictionary of the English Language Unabridged, Springfield, MA: G. & C. Merriam Co., ISBN 0-87779-101-5, page 4:
出典:『Wiktionary』 (2013/03/23 19:22 UTC 版)
- From Middle English, from Old French, from Latin -ābilis, from -a- or -i- + bilis ("capable または worthy of being acted upon").
- Not closely related etymologically, though currently related semantically, to able.
- Replaced native 古期英語 -bǣre ("bearing, making, worth"), from Proto-Germanic *bēriz, *bērijaz; and -lic ("like, having the quality of"), from Proto-Germanic *-līkaz.
- Compare German -bar, Dutch -baar.
- An adjectival suffix; forms adjectives meaning:
- able to be; fit to be.
- relevant to or suitable to, in accordance with.
- giving, or inclined to.
- subject to.
- due to be.
- Originally used only on French and Latin words like, separable. Over time -able was added to stems of English verbs ending in -ate, such as educable. Finally, due to probable confusion with the word able, it was used to form all sorts of adjectives from all sorts of verbs, nouns, and even verb phrases, such as kickable, get-at-able, and clubbable.
- While a terminal silent -e is usually dropped when adding a suffix beginning with a vowel, which is followed by -able, the -e is not dropped when adding -able if the root ends with a soft -ce and -ge, as in replaceable and changeable, so that these are not misinterpreted as hard ‘c’ or ‘g’ sounds. This same rule is used for -ous, as in courageous.
- The form -ible has the same senses and pronunciation. The choice between the two is somewhat idiosyncratic, but in general, -ible is used in forms derived from Latin verbs of the second, third, and fourth conjugations, and in a few words whose roots end in a soft c or g, while -able is used in all other such words, particularly those formed from Latin verbs of the first conjugation and those that come from French or from Anglo-Saxon (Old English). Fowler's English Usage recommends using -ible for simplicity's sake in any word whose root ends in a soft c or g to avoid -eable (e.g., *changible rather than changeable), but this recommendation has generally not been followed.
- A number of adjectives in -able come from verbs that do not have direct objects, but that rather are construed with prepositions. In these cases, the preposition does not appear with the adjective in -able; hence, reliable ("fit to being relied on"), laughable ("suited for laughing at"), remarkable ("fit to be remarked upon"), and so on.
- Traditionally, verbs ending in unstressed -ate drop this suffix before adding -able; hence, communicable ("able to be communicated"), eradicable ("possible to eradicate"), and so on.
- There are cases where a word with un- -able is much more common than one with just -able, such as unbreakable, unsinkable, and untouchable.
該当件数 : 8158件
an able man
腕利き - 斎藤和英大辞典
(an) exchange(able) value
交換価値. - 研究社 新英和中辞典
an able man
才幹ある人 - 斎藤和英大辞典