Individuals are sometimes distinguished by their color 1, which is used loosely to refer to the apparent pigmentation of the skin. In some countries a distinction is drawn between white persons 2 and colored persons 3 sometimes called non-whites 3. Mating between persons of different colors is sometimes referred to as miscegenation 4. A person who is the issue of such a union is said to be of mixed blood 5 or mixed parentage 5.
- 4. Crossing is sometimes used in that sense. It also refers to the change in racial self-identification of an individual between one date and another.
- 5. The issue of a white and a negro is called mulatto. In Spanish America the issue of a person of European extraction and an American Indian is called a mestizo. The issue of a person of European extraction and an Asian is sometimes referred to as an eurasian.
出典:『Wiktionary』 (2017/03/17 02:31 UTC 版)
From Middle English color, colour, from Anglo-Norman colur, from Old French colour, color, from Latin color, from Old Latin colos (“covering”), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱel- (“to cover, conceal”). Akin to Latin cēlō (“I hide, conceal”), 古期英語 helan ("to conceal, cover, hide"; see hele). Displaced Middle English blee (“colour”), from 古期英語 blēo. More at blee. Compare Dutch kleur (“color”), Danish kulør (“color”), Swedish kulör (“color”).
In the US, the spelling color is used to match the spelling of the word's Latin etymon, and to make all derivatives consistent (colorimeter, colorize, colorless, etc). Elsewhere in the English-speaking world, the spelling colour has been retained.
- (uncountable) The spectral composition of visible light.
- (countable) A particular set of visible spectral compositions, perceived or named as a class.
1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 5, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
- Here, in the transept and choir, where the service was being held, one was conscious every moment of an increasing brightness; colours glowing vividly beneath the circular chandeliers, and the rows of small lights on the choristers' desks flashed and sparkled in front of the boys' faces, deep linen collars, and red neckbands.
- (uncountable) Hue as opposed to achromatic colours (black, white かつ greys).
- (uncountable) Human skin tone, especially as an indicator of race or ethnicity.
- (figuratively) Interest, especially in a selective area.
- (heraldry) Any of the standard dark tinctures used in a coat of arms, including azure, gules, sable, and vert. Contrast with metal.
- (in the plural) A standard or banner.
- The system of colour television.
- (in the plural) An award for sporting achievement, particularly within a school or university.
- In corporate finance, details on sales, profit margins, or other financial figures, especially while reviewing quarterly results when an officer of a company is speaking to investment analysts.
- (physics) A property of quarks, with three values called red, green, and blue, which they can exchange by passing gluons.
- (typography) The relative lightness or darkness of a mass of written or printed text on a page.
- (snooker) Any of the coloured balls excluding the reds.
- A front or façade: an ostensible truth actually false.
- An appearance of right or authority.
- (medicine) Skin colour noted as: normal, jaundice, cyanotic, flush, mottled, pale, or ashen as part of the skin signs assessment.
The late Anglo-Norman colour, which is the standard UK spelling, has been the usual spelling in Britain since the 14th century and was chosen by Dr. Johnson's Dictionary of the English Language (1755) along with other Anglo-Norman spellings such as favour, honour, etc. The Latin spelling color was occasionally used from the 15th century onwards, mainly due to Latin influence; it was lemmatized by Webster's American Dictionary of the English Language (1828), along with favor, honor, etc., and is currently the standard US spelling.
In Canada, colour is preferred, but color is not unknown; in Australia, -our endings are the standard, although -or endings had some currency in the past and are still sporadically found in some regions. In New Zealand, -our endings are the standard.
- (spectral composition of visible light): blee
- (particular set named as a class): blee, hue
- (hue, as opposed to achromatic colours): hue, shade, blee
- (human skin tone as an indicator of race または ethnicity): colour of one’s skin, complexion, blee, ethnicity, race
- (interest, especially in a selective area): interest
- (dark tincture): stain
- (standard または banner): banner, standard
- (colour television): colour television
- To give something colour.
- (intransitive) To apply colours to the areas within the boundaries of a line drawing using coloured markers or crayons.
- (of a face) To become red through increased blood flow.
- To affect without completely changing.
- (informal) To attribute a quality to.
- Colour me confused.
- (数学) To assign colours to the vertices of (a graph) or the regions of (a map) so that no two adjacent ones have the same colour.
|Colors in English · colors, colours (layout · text)|
|black||purple||brown||azure, sky blue||cyan|
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