|a drúg on the márket|
any substance, other than food, that is used to prevent, diagnose,treat or relieve symptoms of a disease or abnormal condition. also refersto a substance that alters mood or body function, or that can behabit-forming or addictive, especially a narcotic.
|出典：北里大学医療衛生学部 医療情報学研究室編集 医学用語集|
出典:『Wiktionary』 (2014/10/15 11:52 UTC 版)
From Middle English drogge (“medicine”), from Middle French drogue (“cure, pharmaceutical product”), from Old French drogue, drocque (“tincture, pharmaceutical product”), from Middle Dutch or Middle Low German droge, as in droge vate (“dry vats, dry barrels”), mistaking droge for the contents, which were wontedly dried herbs, plants or wares. Droge comes from Middle Dutch drōghe (“dry”), from Old Dutch drōgi (“dry”), from Proto-Germanic *draugiz (“dry, hard”). Cognate with English dry, Dutch droog (“dry”), German trocken (“dry”).
- (pharmacology) A substance used to treat an illness, relieve a symptom, or modify a chemical process in the body for a specific purpose.
- Aspirin is a drug that reduces pain, acts against inflammation and lowers body temperature.
- The revenues from both brand-name drugs and generic drugs have increased.
- A psychoactive substance, especially one which is illegal and addictive, ingested for recreational use, such as cocaine.
- 1971, Hunter S. Thompson, Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas, Harper Perennial 2005 edition, page 3:
- March 1991, unknown student, "Antihero opinion", SPIN, page 70:
- 2005, Thomas Brent Andrews, The Pot Plan: Louie B. Stumblin and the War on Drugs, Chronic Discontent Books, ISBN 0976705605, page 19:
- Anything, such as a substance, emotion, or action, to which one is addicted.
- 2005, Jack Haas, Om, Baby! : a Pilgrimage to the Eternal Self, page 8:
- 2009, Niki Flynn, Dances with Werewolves, page 8:
- 2010, Kesha Rose Sebert (Ke$ha), with Pebe Sebert and Joshua Coleman (Ammo), Your Love Is My Drug
- 2011, Joslyn Shy, Introducing the Truth, page 5:
- Any commodity that lies on hand, or is not salable; an article of slow sale, or in no demand.
- Adjectives often used with "drug": dangerous, illicit, illegal, psychoactive, generic, hard, veterinary, recreational
- (transitive) To administer intoxicating drugs to, generally without the recipient's knowledge or consent.
- (transitive) To add intoxicating drugs to with the intention of drugging someone.
- (intransitive) To prescribe or administer drugs or medicines.
- simple past tense and past participle of
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a new drug
新薬. - 研究社 新英和中辞典
also called experimental drug and investigational drug.
「experimental drug（実験薬）」、「investigational drug（治験薬）」とも呼ばれる。 - PDQ®がん用語辞書 英語版
a drug called miracle drug
金丹という薬 - EDR日英対訳辞書