|léad a person a (mérry) dánce||léad ánywhere|
|léad a person a (prétty [jólly，mérry]) dánce||léad astráy|
|léad a person by the nóse||léad nówhere|
|léad óff||léad ón|
|léad a person ùp the gárden pàth||léad úp to…|
|tàke the léad|
|gét the léad óut||swíng the léad|
lead (the field)
lead (the way)
出典:『Wiktionary』 (2015/05/01 22:51 UTC 版)
From Middle English leed, from 古期英語 lēad (“lead”), from Proto-Germanic *laudą (“lead”), from Proto-Indo-European *lAudh- (“lead”). Cognate with Scots leid, lede (“lead”), North Frisian lud, luad (“lead”), West Frisian lead (“lead”), Dutch lood (“lead”), German Lot (“solder, plummet, sounding line”), Swedish lod (“lead”), Icelandic lóð (“a plumb, weight”), Irish luaidhe (“lead”).
Alternative etymology suggests the possibility that Proto-Germanic *laudą may derive from Proto-Celtic *loudhom, from an assumed Proto-Italo-Celtic *ploudhom, from Proto-Indo-European *plou(d)- (“to flow”). If so, then cognate with Latin plumbum (“lead”). More at flow.
- (uncountable) A heavy, pliable, inelastic metal element, having a bright, bluish color, but easily tarnished; both malleable and ductile, though with little tenacity. It is easily fusible, forms alloys with other metals, and is an ingredient of solder and type metal. Atomic number 82, symbol Pb (from Latin plumbum).
- (countable) A plummet or mass of lead attached to a line, used in sounding depth at sea or (dated) to estimate velocity in knots.
- A thin strip of type metal, used to separate lines of type in printing.
- (uncountable, typography) Vertical space in advance of a row or between rows of text. Also known as leading.
- Sheets or plates of lead used as a covering for roofs.
- (複数形 leads) A roof covered with lead sheets or terne plates.
- (countable) A thin cylinder of black lead or plumbago (graphite) used in pencils.
- (slang) Bullets; ammunition.
- (transitive) To cover, fill, or affect with lead; as, continuous firing leads the grooves of a rifle.
- (transitive, printing, historical) To place leads between the lines of.
- (transitive, climbing) Lead climb.
From Middle English leden, from 古期英語 lǣdan (“to lead”), from Proto-Germanic *laidijaną (“to cause one to go, lead”), causative of Proto-Germanic *līþaną (“to go”), from Proto-Indo-European *leit-, *leith- (“to leave, die”). Cognate with West Frisian liede (“to lead”), Dutch leiden (“to lead”), German leiten (“to lead”), Danish lede (“to lead”), Swedish leda (“to lead”). Related to 古期英語 līþan (“to go, travel”).
- (heading, transitive) To guide or conduct.
- To guide or conduct with the hand, or by means of some physical contact connection.
- To guide or conduct in a certain course, or to a certain place or end, by making the way known; to show the way, especially by going with or going in advance of, to lead a pupil; to guide somebody somewhere or to bring somebody somewhere by means of.instructions. Hence, figuratively: To direct; to counsel; to instruct; as, to lead a traveler.
- Exodus 13:21
- Psalms 23:2
- John Milton (1608-1674)
1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 1, Mr. Pratt's Patients:
- I stumbled along through the young pines and huckleberry bushes. Pretty soon I struck into a sort of path that, I cal'lated, might lead to the road I was hunting for. It twisted and turned, and, the first thing I knew, made a sudden bend around a bunch of bayberry scrub and opened out into a big clear space like a lawn.
- To conduct or direct with authority; to have direction or charge of; as, to lead an army, an exploring party, or a search; to lead a political party; to command, especially a military or business unit.
- To guide or conduct oneself in, through, or along (a certain course); hence, to proceed in the way of; to follow the path or course of; to pass; to spend. Also, to cause (one) to proceed or follow in (a certain course).
- 1 Timothy 2:2
- 1849, Alfred Tennyson, In Memoriam A.H.H, XXXIII
- 1849-50, Charles Dickens, David Copperfield, Chapter 61
- (intransitive) To guide or conduct, as by accompanying, going before, showing, influencing, directing with authority, etc.; to have precedence or preeminence; to be first or chief; — used in most of the senses of the transitive verb.
- (heading) To begin, to be ahead.
- (transitive) To go or to be in advance of; to precede; hence, to be foremost or chief among.
- the big sloop led the fleet of yachts; the Guards led the attack; Demosthenes leads the orators of all ages
- (intransitive) To lead off or out, to go first; to begin.
- (intransitive) To be more advanced in technology or business than others.
- (heading, sports)
- (transitive, card games, dominoes) To begin a game, round, or trick, with; as, to lead trumps.
- (intransitive) To be ahead of others, e.g., in a race.
- (intransitive) To have the highest interim score in a game.
- (baseball) To step off base and move towards the next base.
- (shooting) To aim in front of a moving target, in order that the shot may hit the target as it passes.
- (transitive) To go or to be in advance of; to precede; hence, to be foremost or chief among.
- (transitive) To draw or direct by influence, whether good or bad; to prevail on; to induce; to entice; to allure; as, to lead one to espouse a righteous cause.
- 1649, King Charles I of England, Eikon Basilike
- 2 Timothy 3:6.
2013 June 28, Joris Luyendijk, “Our banks are out of control”, The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 3, page 21:
- (intransitive) To tend or reach in a certain direction, or to a certain place.
- ca. 1590, Shakespeare, Two Gentlemen of Verona, V-ii
2013 August 10, “Can China clean up fast enough?”, The Economist, volume 408, number 8848:
- All this has led to an explosion of protest across China, including among a middle class that has discovered nimbyism. That worries the government, which fears that environmental activism could become the foundation for more general political opposition. It is therefore dealing with pollution in two ways—suppression and mitigation.
- To produce (with to).
2013 August 3, “Yesterday’s fuel”, The Economist, volume 408, number 8847:
- The dawn of the oil age was fairly recent. Although the stuff was used to waterproof boats in the Middle East 6,000 years ago, extracting it in earnest began only in 1859 after an oil strike in Pennsylvania. […] It was used to make kerosene, the main fuel for artificial lighting after overfishing led to a shortage of whale blubber. Other liquids produced in the refining process, too unstable or smoky for lamplight, were burned or dumped.
- Misspelling of led.
- (uncountable) The act of leading or conducting; guidance; direction, course; as, to take the lead; to be under the lead of another.
- (uncountable) Precedence; advance position; also, the measure of precedence; as, the white horse had the lead; a lead of a boat’s length, or of half a second; the state of being ahead in a race; the highest score in a game in an incomplete game.
- (countable) An insulated metallic wire for electrical devices and equipment.
- (baseball) The situation where a runner steps away from a base while waiting for the pitch to be thrown
- (uncountable, card games, dominoes) The act or right of playing first in a game or round; the card suit, or piece, so played; as, your partner has the lead.
- (countable) A channel of open water in an ice field.
- (countable, mining) A lode.
- (nautical) The course of a rope from end to end.
- A rope, leather strap, or similar device with which to lead an animal; a leash
- In a steam engine, the width of port opening which is uncovered by the valve, for the admission or release of steam, at the instant when the piston is at end of its stroke.
- charging lead
- (civil 工学) The distance of haul, as from a cutting to an embankment.
- (horology) The action of a tooth, as a tooth of a wheel, in impelling another tooth or a pallet. — Claudias Saunier
- Hypothesis that has not been pursued
- Information obtained by a detective or police officer that allows him or her to discover further details about a crime or incident.
- (marketing) Potential opportunity for a sale or transaction, a potential customer.
- Information obtained by a news reporter about an issue or subject that allows him or her to discover more details.
- (curling) The player who throws the first two rocks for a team.
- (newspapers) A teaser; a lead-in; the start of a newspaper column, telling who, what, when, where, why and how. (Sometimes spelled as lede for this usage to avoid ambiguity.)
- An important news story that appears on the front page of a newspaper or at the beginning of a news broadcast
- (engineering) The axial distance a screw thread travels in one revolution. It is equal to the pitch times the number of starts.
- (music) In a barbershop quartet, the person who sings the melody, usually the second tenor
- (music) The announcement by one voice part of a theme to be repeated by the other parts.
- (music) A mark or a short passage in one voice part, as of a canon, serving as a cue for the entrance of others.
- (engineering) The excess above a right angle in the angle between two consecutive cranks, as of a compound engine, on the same shaft.
- (electrical) The angle between the line joining the brushes of a continuous-current dynamo and the diameter symmetrical between the poles.
- (electrical) The advance of the current phase in an alternating circuit beyond that of the electromotive force producing it.
- lead (metal)
出典:『Wikipedia』 (2011/06/21 18:48 UTC 版)
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a lead pipe
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the lead car
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a lead editorial
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