【植物, 植物学】 イネ.
出典:『Wiktionary』 (2015/05/12 08:06 UTC 版)
Middle English rys, from Old French ris, from Old Italian riso, risi, from Byzantine Greek ὄρυζα (óruza), ὄρυζον (óruzon). This is usually held to be a borrowing from Old Iranian (compare Old Persian [script needed] (brizi), Pashto [script needed] (wrižē), Kurdish birinc), in turn probably borrowed from Sanskrit व्रीहि (vrīhi). The Sanskrit term is either a loan from Dravidian – compare Proto-Dravidian *wariñci (“rice”) – or, according to Witzel, borrowed from an unknown South Asian, possibly Austroasiatic, source, with the Dravidian word being an independent borrowing of another variant. Old Tamil அரிசி (arici), from earlier *ariki, is not the source of the Greek word, however, according to Krishnamurti (2003) apud Witzel (2009). In contrast, Witzel (1999) had maintained, following Southworth (1979), that the Greek term goes back to Old Tamil arici – itself from an older form *ariki, an early (ca. 1500 BC) borrowing from Munda according to Southworth (1988).
Proto-Germanic *rīkijaz (“mighty”), *rīkiją (“authority”), from Proto-Celtic *rīgiom (“kingdom”), from *rīxs (“king”) (compare Irish rí), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃rḗǵs (“king”). Cognates include Old Saxon rīki, Dutch rijk, Old High German rīhhi (German Reich, reich), Old Norse ríki noun, ríkr adj (Swedish rike noun, rik adj), Gothic (reiki) noun, (reikeis) adj. The Indo-European root is also the source of Latin rex.
出典:『Wiktionary』 (2014/07/08 16:21 UTC 版)
- (combining form) suffix appended to nouns to indicate office, ownership, guardianship, governance or dominion.
- biscoprīċe "the diocese of a bishop"
出典:『Wikipedia』 (2011/06/09 01:15 UTC 版)
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もみ. - 研究社 新英和中辞典
a rice plant
稲 - EDR日英対訳辞書
a rice cake
餅 - EDR日英対訳辞書