|gò úp in smóke|
smoke (a cigarette [pipe])
出典:『Wiktionary』 (2015/06/07 02:05 UTC 版)
From Middle English smoke, from 古期英語 smoca (“smoke”), probably a derivative of the verb smocian (“to smoke, emit smoke; fumigate”), from Proto-Germanic *smukōną (“to smoke”), ablaut derivative of Proto-Germanic *smeukaną (“to smoke”), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)meug(h)- (“to smoke”). Related to 古期英語 smēocan (“to smoke, emit smoke; fumigate”), West Frisian smoke (“(to) smoke”), Dutch smook (“smoke”), Middle Low German smōk (“smoke”), German dialectal Schmauch (“smoke”), Bavarian schmuckelen (“to smell bad, reek”).
- (uncountable) The visible vapor/vapour, gases, and fine particles given off by burning or smoldering material.
2013 June 29, “Unspontaneous combustion”, The Economist, volume 407, number 8842, page 29:
- Since the mid-1980s, when Indonesia first began to clear its bountiful forests on an industrial scale in favour of lucrative palm-oil plantations, “haze” has become an almost annual occurrence in South-East Asia. The cheapest way to clear logged woodland is to burn it, producing an acrid cloud of foul white smoke that, carried by the wind, can cover hundreds, or even thousands, of square miles.
- (colloquial, countable) A cigarette.
- (colloquial, countable, never 複数形) An instance of smoking a cigarette, cigar, etc.; the duration of this act.
- 1884, Mark Twain, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Chapter VII:
- (uncountable, figuratively) A fleeting illusion; something insubstantial, evanescent, unreal, transitory, or without result.
- (uncountable, figuratively) Something used to obscure or conceal; an obscuring condition; see also smoke and mirrors.
- The smoke of controversy.
- (uncountable) A light grey colour/color tinted with blue.
- (military, uncountable) A particulate of solid or liquid particles dispersed into the air on the battlefield to degrade enemy ground or for aerial observation. Smoke has many uses--screening smoke, signaling smoke, smoke curtain, smoke haze, and smoke deception. Thus it is an artificial aerosol.
- (baseball, slang) A fastball.
- (transitive) To inhale and exhale the smoke from a burning cigarette, cigar, pipe, etc.
1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 1, The Celebrity:
- (intransitive) To inhale and exhale tobacco smoke regularly or habitually.
- Do you smoke?
- (intransitive) To give off smoke.
- To preserve or prepare (food) for consumption by treating with smoke.
- (slang) To perform (e.g. music) energetically or skillfully. Almost always in present participle form.
- (米国用法, slang) To kill, especially with a gun.
- (New Zealand, slang) To beat someone at something.
- (transitive, obsolete) To fill or scent with smoke; hence, to fill with incense; to perfume.
- (obsolete, transitive) To smell out; to hunt out; to find out; to detect.
- (slang, obsolete, transitive) To ridicule to the face; to quiz.
- To burn; to be kindled; to rage.
- To raise a dust or smoke by rapid motion.
- To suffer severely; to be punished.
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