|tóuch a (ráw) nérve||tóuch báse|
|tóuch dówn||tóuch ín|
|tóuch óff||tóuch úp|
|in tóuch (with…)||lóse tóuch (with…)|
|òut of tóuch (with…)||tóuch and gó|
Touch (TV series)
出典:『Wiktionary』 (2015/07/15 05:18 UTC 版)
From Middle English touchen, tochen, from Old French tochier ("to touch"; > Modern French toucher; compare French doublet toquer (“to offend, bother, harass”)), from Vulgar Latin *toccāre (“to knock, strike, offend”), from Old Frankish *tokkōn, *tukkōn (“to knock, strike, touch”), from Proto-Germanic *tukkōną, *tukkijaną (“to draw, jerk, knock, strike, offend”), from Proto-Indo-European *dukn-, *dewk- (“to draw, pull, lead”). Cognate with Old High German zochhōn, zuhhōn ("to grasp, take, seize, snatch"; > German zucken (“to jerk, flinch”)), Low German tokken, tukken (“to fidget, twitch, pull up, entice”), Middle Dutch tocken, tucken ("to touch, entice"; > Dutch tokkelen (“to strum, pluck”)), 古期英語 tucian, tūcian ("to disturb, mistreat, ill-treat; offend; afflict, harass, vex; punish, torment"; > English tuck). Outside Germanic, cognate to Albanian cek (“to touch”). More at tuck, take.
- Primarily physical senses.
- (transitive) To make physical contact with; to bring the hand, finger or other part of the body into contact with. [from 14th c.]
- (transitive) To come into (involuntary) contact with; to meet or intersect. [from 14th c.]
- (intransitive) To come into physical contact, or to be in physical contact. [from 14th c.]
- (intransitive) To make physical contact with a thing. [from 14th c.]
- (transitive) To physically disturb; to interfere with, molest, or attempt to harm through contact. [from 14th c.]
- (transitive) To physically affect in specific ways implied by context. [from 15th c.]
- (transitive) To consume, or otherwise use. [from 15th c.]
- (intransitive) Of a ship or its passengers: to land, to make a short stop (at). [from 16th c.]
- 1851, Herman Melville, Moby-Dick:
- (transitive, now historical) To lay hands on (someone suffering from scrofula) as a form of cure, as formerly practised by English and French monarchs. [from 17th c.]
- (transitive または reflexive) To sexually excite with the fingers; to finger or masturbate. [from 20th c.]
- (intransitive, obsolete) To fasten; to take effect; to make impression.
- (nautical) To bring (a sail) so close to the wind that its weather leech shakes.
- (intransitive, nautical) To be brought, as a sail, so close to the wind that its weather leech shakes.
- (nautical) To keep the ship as near (the wind) as possible.
- Primarily non-physical senses.
- (transitive) To imbue or endow with a specific quality. [from 14th c.]
- (transitive, archaic) To deal with in speech or writing; to mention briefly, to allude to. [from 14th c.]
- (intransitive) To deal with in speech or writing; briefly to speak or write (on または upon something). [from 14th c.]
- (transitive) To concern, to have to do with. [14th-19th c.]
- 1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, Acts V:
1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 1, The Celebrity:
- The stories did not seem to me to touch life. They were plainly intended to have a bracing moral effect, and perhaps had this result for the people at whom they were aimed. They left me with the impression of a well-delivered stereopticon lecture, with characters about as life-like as the shadows on the screen, and whisking on and off, at the mercy of the operator.
- 1919, Saki, ‘The Penance’, The Toys of Peace, Penguin 2000 (Complete Short Stories), p. 423:
- (transitive) To affect emotionally; to bring about tender or painful feelings in. [from 14th c.]
- (transitive, dated) To affect in a negative way, especially only slightly. [from 16th c.]
- (transitive, Scottish history) To give royal assent to by touching it with the sceptre. [from 17th c.]
- (transitive, slang) To obtain money from, usually by borrowing (from a friend). [from 18th c.]
- (transitive, always passive) To disturb the mental functions of; to make somewhat insane; often followed with "in the head". [from 18th c.]
- (transitive) To be on the level of; to approach in excellence or quality. [from 19th c.]
- 1928, Dorothy L. Sayers, "The Abominable History of the Man with Copper Fingers", in Lord Peter Views the Body,
- 2012, July 15. Richard Williams in Guardian Unlimited, Tour de France 2012: Carpet tacks cannot force Bradley Wiggins off track
- (transitive, computing) To mark (a file または document) as having been modified.
- To try; to prove, as with a touchstone.
- To mark or delineate with touches; to add a slight stroke to with the pencil or brush.
- (obsolete) To infect; to affect slightly.
- To strike; to manipulate; to play on.
- To perform, as a tune; to play.
- To influence by impulse; to impel forcibly.
- An act of touching, especially with the hand or finger.
- The faculty or sense of perception by physical contact.
- The style or technique with which one plays a musical instrument.
- A distinguishing feature or characteristic.
- A little bit; a small amount.
- The part of a sports field beyond the touchlines or goal-lines.
- A relationship of close communication or understanding.
- The ability to perform a task well; aptitude.
- (obsolete) Act or power of exciting emotion.
- (obsolete) An emotion or affection.
- (obsolete) Personal reference or application.
- A single stroke on a drawing or a picture.
- (obsolete) A brief essay.
- (obsolete) A touchstone; hence, stone of the sort used for touchstone.
- (obsolete) Examination or trial by some decisive standard; test; proof; tried quality.
- (music) The particular or characteristic mode of action, or the resistance of the keys of an instrument to the fingers.
- (shipbuilding) The broadest part of a plank worked top and but, or of one worked anchor-stock fashion (that is, tapered from the middle to both ends); also, the angles of the stern timbers at the counters.
- The children's game of tag.
- (bell-ringing) A set of changes less than the total possible on seven bells, i.e. less than 5,040.
- (slang) An act of borrowing or stealing something.
- (英国用法, plumbing, dated) tallow
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