|fáll off the báck of a trúck 《米俗》|
|have nò trúck with a person|
出典:『Wiktionary』 (2015/03/14 17:37 UTC 版)
From Middle English truken, troken, trukien, from 古期英語 trucian (“to fail, run short, deceive, disappoint”), from Proto-Germanic *trukōną (“to fail, miss, lack”), from Proto-Indo-European *dereu-, *derwu- (“to tear, wrap, reap”), from Proto-Indo-European *der- (“to flay, split”). Cognate with Middle Low German troggelen (“to cheat, deceive, swindle”), Dutch troggelen (“to extort”), German dialectal truggeln (“to flatter, fawn”).
- (intransitive, now chiefly dialectal) To fail; run out; run short; be unavailable; diminish; abate.
- (intransitive, now chiefly dialectal) To give in; give way; knuckle under; truckle.
- (intransitive, now chiefly dialectal) To deceive; cheat; defraud.
- A small wheel or roller, specifically the wheel of a gun-carriage.
- 1843, James Fenimore Cooper, Wyandotte, Chapter 3
- "Put that cannon up once, and I'll answer for it that no Injin faces it. 'Twill be as good as a dozen sentinels," answered Joel. "As for mountin', I thought of that before I said a syllable about the crittur. There's the new truck-wheels in the court, all ready to hold it, and the carpenters can put the hinder part to the whull, in an hour or two."
- 1843, James Fenimore Cooper, Wyandotte, Chapter 3
- The ball on top of a flagpole.
- (nautical) On a wooden mast, a circular disc (または sometimes a rectangle) of wood near or at the top of the mast, usually with holes or sheaves to reeve signal halyards; also a temporary or emergency place for a lookout. "Main" refers to the mainmast, whereas a truck on another mast may be called (on the mizzenmast, for example) "mizzen-truck".
- (countable, uncountable, 米国用法, Australia) A semi-tractor ("semi") trailer; (英国用法) a lorry.
- Mexican open-bed trucks haul most of the fresh produce that comes into the United States from Mexico.
- 1922, Sinclair Lewis, Babbit, Chapter 1
- Any motor vehicle designed for carrying cargo, including delivery vans, pickups, and other motorized vehicles (including passenger autos) fitted with a bed designed to carry goods.
- A garden cart, a two-wheeled wheelbarrow.
- A small wagon or cart, of various designs, pushed or pulled by hand or (obsolete) pulled by an animal, as with those in hotels for moving luggage, or in libraries for transporting books.
- 1906, Upton Sinclair, The Jungle, Chapter 3
- A pantechnicon (removal van).
- (英国用法, rail transport) A flatbed railway car.
- A pivoting frame, one attached to the bottom of the bed of a railway car at each end, that rests on the axle and which swivels to allow the axle (at each end of which is a solid wheel) to turn with curves in the track. The axle on many types of railway car is not attached to the truck and relies on gravity to remain within the truck's brackets (on the truck's base) that hold the axle in place
- The part of a skateboard or roller skate that joins the wheels to the deck, consisting of a hanger, baseplate, kingpin, and bushings, and sometimes mounted with a riser in between.
- (theater) A platform with wheels or casters.
- Dirt or other messiness.
- (nautical, sailing) main-truck, crow's nest
- (military) gun-carriage
- (semi-tractor): semi, trailer truck, rig, monster truck
- Malay: trak
- (intransitive) To drive a truck.
- (transitive) To convey by truck.
- (intransitive, 米国用法, slang, 1960s) To travel or live contentedly.
- (intransitive, 米国用法, slang, 1960s) To persist, to endure.
- (intransitive, film production) To move a camera parallel to the movement of the subject.
- (transitive, slang) To run over or through a tackler in American football.
From dialectal truck, truk, trokk, probably of North Germanic origin, compare Norwegian dialectal trokka, trakka (“to stamp, trample, go to かつ fro”), Danish trykke (“to press, press down, crush, squeeze”). More at thrutch.
- (transitive) To trade, exchange; barter.
- (intransitive) To engage in commerce; to barter or deal.
- (intransitive) To have dealings or social relationships with; to engage with.
- (obsolete, often used in 複数形 sense) Small, humble items; things, often for sale or barter.
1911, Edna Ferber, chapter 5, Dawn O'Hara, the Girl who Laughed:
- (米国用法) Garden produce, groceries (see truck garden).
- (usually with negative) Social intercourse; dealings, relationships.
- Pertaining to a garden patch or truck garden.
1792 November 4, George Washington, , quoted in The writings of George Washington from the original manuscript sources: Volume 32, 1745-1799.:
- As the home house people (the industrious part of them at least) might want ground for their truck patches, they might, for this purpose, cultivate what would be cleared. But I would have the ground from the cross fence by the Spring, quite round by the Wharf, first grubbed, before the (above mentioned) is attempted.
For this etymology, the word is virtually obsolete. It really only survives as a fossil in the construction “to have no truck with”. In the US, the derived term truck garden is often confused with Etymology 1, in the sense "produce raised to be trucked to market.
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a light truck
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