|fáll off the báck of a trúck 《米俗》|
|have nò trúck with a person|
該当件数 : 6220件
貨物自動車 - EDR日英対訳辞書
- A small wheel or roller, specifically the wheel of a gun carriage.
- 1843, James Fenimore Cooper, Wyandotte, Chapter 3
- “Put that cannon up once, and I'll answer for it that no Injin faces it. 'Twill be as good as a dozen sentinels,” answered Joel. “As for mountin’, I thought of that before I said a syllable about the crittur. There's the new truck-wheels in the court, all ready to hold it, and the carpenters can put the hinder part to the whull, in an hour or two.”
- 1843, James Fenimore Cooper, Wyandotte, Chapter 3
- The ball on top of a flagpole.
- (nautical) On a wooden mast, a circular disc (または sometimes a rectangle) of wood near or at the top of the mast, usually with holes or sheaves to reeve signal halyards; also a temporary or emergency place for a lookout. "Main" refers to the mainmast, whereas a truck on another mast may be called (on the mizzenmast, for example) "mizzen-truck".
- (countable, uncountable, US, Australia) A semi-tractor ("semi") trailer; (Britain) a lorry.
- Mexican open-bed trucks haul most of the fresh produce that comes into the United States from Mexico.
- 1922, Sinclair Lewis, Babbit, Chapter 1
- (road transport, Singapore, Malaysia) a lorry with a closed or covered carriage
- Any motor vehicle designed for carrying cargo, including delivery vans, pickups, and other motorized vehicles (including passenger autos) fitted with a bed designed to carry goods.
- A garden cart, a two-wheeled wheelbarrow.
- A small wagon or cart, of various designs, pushed or pulled by hand or (obsolete) pulled by an animal, as with those in hotels for moving luggage, or in libraries for transporting books.
- 1849–1861, Thomas Babington Macaulay, chapter 3, in The History of England from the Accession of James the Second, volume (please specify |volume=I to V), London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, OCLC 1069526323:
- 1905, Upton Sinclair, chapter III, in The Jungle, New York, N.Y.: Doubleday, Page & Company, published 26 February 1906, OCLC 1150866071:
- A pantechnicon (removal van).
- (Britain, rail transport) A flatbed railway car; a flatcar.
- 1913, D.H. Lawrence, Sons and Lovers, chapter 15
- 1938, Xavier Herbert, Capricornia, Chapter VI, p. 77, 
- (US, rail transport) A pivoting frame, one attached to the bottom of the bed of a railway car at each end, that rests on the axle and which swivels to allow the axle (at each end of which is a solid wheel) to turn with curves in the track; a bogie.
- The part of a skateboard or roller skate that joins the wheels to the deck, consisting of a hanger, baseplate, kingpin, and bushings, and sometimes mounted with a riser in between.
- (theater) A platform with wheels or casters.
- Dirt or other messiness.
- (rail transport, Britain) cattle truck
- (rail transport, Britain) coal truck
- forklift truck
- hand truck
- leading truck
- monster truck
- pallet truck
- pick-up truck, pickup truck
- railroad truck
- sound truck
- tow truck
- trailing truck
- truck crop
- truck farm
- truck farming
- truck stop, truckstop
- (military) (dated) truck-wheels
- (intransitive) To drive a truck.
- (transitive) To convey by truck.
- (intransitive, US, slang) To travel or live contentedly. [1960s]
- (intransitive, US, Canada, slang) To persist, to endure. [from 1960s]
- (intransitive, film production) To move a camera parallel to the movement of the subject.
- (transitive, slang) To fight or otherwise physically engage with.
- (transitive, slang) To run over or through a tackler in American football.
From Middle English truken, troken, trukien, from 古期英語 trucian (“to fail, run short, deceive, disappoint”), from Proto-West Germanic *trukijan (“to fail, miss, lack”), from Proto-Indo-European *derew-, *derwu- (“to tear, wrap, reap”), from Proto-Indo-European *der- (“to flay, split”). Cognate with Middle Low German troggelen (“to cheat, deceive, swindle”), Dutch troggelen (“to extort”), German dialectal truggeln (“to flatter, fawn”).
- (intransitive, now chiefly dialectal) To fail; run out; run short; be unavailable; diminish; abate.
- (intransitive, now chiefly dialectal) To give in; give way; knuckle under; truckle.
- (intransitive, now chiefly dialectal) To deceive; cheat; defraud.
From dialectal truck, truk, trokk, probably of North Germanic origin, compare Norwegian dialectal trokka, trakka (“to stamp, trample, go to かつ fro”), Danish trykke (“to press, press down, crush, squeeze”), Swedish trycka. More at thrutch.
- (transitive) To trade, exchange; barter.
- 1848, John Stuart Mill, Principles of Political Economy: With Some of Their Applications to Social Philosophy. […], volume (please specify |volume=I または II), London: John W[illiam] Parker, […], OCLC 948263597:
- (intransitive) To engage in commerce; to barter or deal.
- (intransitive) To have dealings or social relationships with; to engage with.
- (obsolete, often in the plural) Small, humble items; things, often for sale or barter.
- (historical) The practice of paying workers in kind, or with tokens only exchangeable at a shop owned by the employer [forbidden in the 19th century by the Truck Acts].
- (US, often attributive) Garden produce, groceries (see truck garden).
- 1792 November 4, George Washington, (Please provide the book title または journal name), quoted in The writings of George Washington from the original manuscript sources: Volume 32, 1745-1799.:
- As the home house people (the industrious part of them at least) might want ground for their truck patches, they might, for this purpose, cultivate what would be cleared. But I would have the ground from the cross fence by the Spring, quite round by the Wharf, first grubbed, before the (above mentioned) is attempted.
- 1923, Edgar Rice Burroughs, chapter 10, in The Moon Maid:
- (usually with negative) Social intercourse; dealings, relationships.
For this etymology, the word is virtually obsolete. It really only survives as a fossil in the construction to have no truck with. In the US, the derived term truck garden is often confused with "produce raised to be trucked (transported) to market".
該当件数 : 6220件
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