該当件数 : 2007件
From Middle English Frenche, Frensch, Frensc, Frenshe, Frenkisch, Franche, from 古期英語 Frenċisċ (“Frankish”), from Franca (“Frank”) + -isċ (“-ish”), equivalent to Frank + -ish. Cognate with Danish fransk (“French”), Swedish fransk, fransysk (“French”), Icelandic franska (“French”). Compare Frankish.
In reference to vulgar language, from expressions such as pardon my French in the early 19th century, originally in reference to actual (but often mildly impolite) French expressions by the upper class, subsequently adopted ironically by the lower class for English cursewords under the charitable conceit that the listener would not be familiar with them.
- (chiefly uncountable) The language of France, shared by the neighboring countries Belgium, Monaco, and Switzerland and by former French colonies around the world.
- She speaks French.
- c. 1390, Robert Grosseteste, translating Chateau d'Amour as The Castle of Love, ll. 25 ff.:
- 1533, Thomas More, The Debellacyon of Salem & Bizance, fol. 96:
- 1720, Daniel Defoe, Memoirs of a Cavalier, p. 13:
- 1991, Michael Clyne, Pluricentric Languages: Differing Norms in Different Nations, Walter de Gruyter (→ISBN), page 169:
- 2013, Jocelyn Wogan-Browne, Language and Culture in Medieval Britain: The French of England, C.1100-c.1500, Boydell & Brewer Ltd (→ISBN), page 361:
- (uncountable) The ability of a person to communicate in French.
- (uncountable) French language and literature as an object of study.
- (uncountable, euphemistic, now often ironic) Vulgar language.
- 1845, Edward Jerningham Wakefield, Adventure in New Zealand, Vol. I, p. 327:
- 1986, John Hughes, Ferris Bueller's Day Off:
- 2005 May 29, New York Times Book Review, p. 12:
- A surname.
- (chiefly collective and in the plural) The people of France; groups of French people.
- 1579, Geoffrey Fenton, translating Francesco Guicciardini as The Historie of Guicciardin, p. 378:
- 1653, Thomas Urquhart, translating François Rabelais as Works of Mr. Francis Rabelais, Vol. I, p. 214:
- (uncountable, dated slang) Synonym of , especially fellatio.
- 1916, Henry Nathaniel Cary, The Slang of Venery and Its Analogues, Vol. I, p. 94:
- 1968, Bill Turner, Sex Trap, p. 64:
- 1986 May 6, Semper Floreat, p. 34:
- 1996 October 13, Observer, p. 25:
- (chiefly uncountable, dated slang) Synonym of vermouth.
The use of the plural form Frenches occurred in early modern English but is only seldomly and exceptionally encountered in contemporary English. As with other collective demonyms, French is preceded by the definite article or some other determiner when referring to the people of France collectively.
- Of or relating to France.
- Of or relating to the people or culture of France.
- French customs
- Of or relating to the French language.
- French verbs
- (slang, sexuality) Of or related to oral sex, especially fellatio.
- (informal, often euphemistic) Used to form names or references to venereal diseases.
- French augmented sixth chord
- French bean, french bean
- French berry (Rhamnus saxatilis)
- French braid
- French bread
- French Bulldog
- French Canada
- French Canadian
- French canon
- French casement
- French chalk
- French Congo
- French corner
- French cowslip (Primula auricula)
- French cricket
- French cuff
- French curl
- French curve
- French defence, French defense
- French Defence
- French dip
- French disease
- French donut
- French door
- French drain
- French dressing, french dressing
- French drop
- French Equatorial Africa
- French exit
- French fact
- French fake
- French fits
- French franc
- French fries, french fries
- French grey
- French grip
- French Guiana
- French Guianese
- French Guinea
- French Guyana
- French harp
- French honeysuckle (Hedysarum coronarium)
- French horn
- French hornist
- French India
- French Indochina
- French inhale
- French kiss
- French knickers
- French knot
- French lavender (Lavandula stoechas)
- French leave
- French letter
- French lilac (Syringa vulgaris or Galega officinalis
- French loaf
- French lock
- French Louisiana
- French maid
- French Morocco
- French mulberry (Callicarpa americana)
- French mullet (Albula vulpes)
- French mustard
- French onion soup
- French pancake
- French paradox
- French parfait
- French partridge
- French pedicure
- French pie
- French plait
- French polish
- French Polynesia
- French Polynesian
- French pox
- French press
- French purple
- French Quarter
- French red
- French Republic
- French Republican Calendar, French Revolutionary Calendar
- French Revolution
- French rice
- French Riviera
- French roast
- French roll
- French roof
- French rose (Rosa gallica)
- French rye (Arrhenatherum elatius)
- French sash
- French seam
- French Sign Language
- French sole
- French Somaliland
- French sorrel (Rumex scutatus)
- French Southern and Antarctic Lands
- French spacing
- French spinach (Atriplex hortensis)
- French stick
- French Sudan
- French tickler
- French toast, french toast
- French Togoland
- French trumpet
- French tub
- French Turn
- French twist
- French vanilla
- French West Africa
- French window, french window
- French wire
- take French leave
該当件数 : 2007件
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