|cást the górge at…||One's górge ríses at…|
|màke a person's górge ríse|
該当件数 : 86件
吐き気を催す - 斎藤和英大辞典
From Middle English gorge (“esophagus, gullet; throat; bird's crop; food in a hawk's crop; food または drink that has been eaten”), a borrowing from Old French gorge (“throat”) (modern French gorge (“throat; breast”)), from Vulgar Latin *gorga, *gurga, from Latin gurges (“eddy, whirlpool; gulf; sea”), possibly from Proto-Indo-European *gʷerh₃- (“to devour, swallow; to eat”). The English word is cognate with Galician gorxa (“throat”), Italian gorga, gorgia (“gorge, ravine; (廃れた用法) throat”), Occitan gorga, gorja, Portuguese gorja (“gullet, throat; gorge”), Spanish gorja (“gullet, throat; gorge”).
- (archaic) The front aspect of the neck; the outside of the throat.
- (archaic, literary) The inside of the throat; the esophagus, the gullet; (falconry, specifically) the crop or gizzard of a hawk.
- 1653, Iz[aak] Wa[lton], chapter IV, in The Compleat Angler or The Contemplative Man’s Recreation. Being a Discourse of Fish and Fishing, […], London: […] T. Maxey for Rich[ard] Marriot, […], OCLC 1097101645, page 124:
- 1800, “Gleam”, in The Sportsman’s Dictionary; or, The Gentleman’s Companion: For Town and Country. […], 4th edition, London: printed for G. G. and J. Robinson, […]; by R. Noble, […], OCLC 1102694893, column 1:
- 1868 February 29, “Snorro” [pseudonym], “The Fenian Chase of Lough Derg”, in The Shamrock: A National Weekly Journal of Irish History, Literature, Arts, &c., volume III, number 74, Dublin: Printed and published at the office, 33, Lower Abbey-Street, OCLC 317748753, page 354, column 2:
- Food that has been taken into the gullet or the stomach, particularly if it is regurgitated or vomited out.
- 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Qveene. […], London: […] [John Wolfe] for VVilliam Ponsonbie, OCLC 960102938, book I, canto IV, stanza 21, page 51:
- c. 1599–1602, William Shakespeare, The Tragicall Historie of Hamlet, Prince of Denmarke: […] (Second Quarto), London: […] N[icholas] L[ing] […], published 1604, OCLC 760858814, [Act V, scene i]:
- 1962, Madeleine L’Engle, “Aunt Beast”, in A Wrinkle in Time, New York, N.Y.: Ariel Books, OCLC 769806129; republished New York, N.Y.: Ariel Books, 1973 printing, →ISBN, pages 187–188:
- 1996 April, Philip Pullman, “Fencing”, in The Golden Compass (His Dark Materials; 1), 1st US edition, New York, N.Y.: Alfred A. Knopf, →ISBN; trade paperback edition, New York, N.Y.: Alfred A. Knopf, 2014, →ISBN, page 214:
- (US) A choking or filling of a channel or passage by an obstruction; the obstruction itself.
- (architecture) A concave moulding; a cavetto.
- [1764, Temple Henry Croker; Thomas Williams; Samuel Clark [et al.], “GORGE”, in The Complete Dictionary of Arts and Sciences. [...], volume I, London: Printed for the authors, and sold by J. Wilson & J. Fell, […]; J. Fletcher & Co., […]; J. Coote, […]; Cambridge: Mess. Fletcher & Hodson; Dublin: W. Smith & Co., OCLC 722327086, column 1:
- (architecture, fortification) The rearward side of an outwork, a bastion, or a fort, often open, or not protected against artillery.
- 1745, “Half Moon”, in An Introduction to the Art of Fortification. […], London: Printed for and sold by John Brindley, […], OCLC 723389608, column 1:
- 1874, D[ennis] H[art] Mahan, “Modifications Proposed in the Bastioned System”, in J. B. Wheeler, editor, An Elementary Course of Permanent Fortification, for the Use of the Cadets of the U.S. Military Academy, revised edition, New York, N.Y.: John Wiley & Son, […], OCLC 1049050331, paragraph 236, page 127:
- 2018 June, John R. Weaver II, “New York City”, in A Legacy in Brick and Stone: American Coastal Defense Forts of the Third System, 1816–1867, 2nd edition, McLean, Va.: Redoubt Press, McGovern Publishing, →ISBN, page 164, column 1:
- (fishing) A primitive device used instead of a hook to catch fish, consisting of an object that is easy to swallow but difficult to eject or loosen, such as a piece of bone or stone pointed at each end and attached in the middle to a line.
- 2001, Frederick Matthew Wiseman, “The Land Becomes Warm: The Years of the Log Ships (6,500 to 1,000 Winters Ago)”, in The Voice of the Dawn: An Autohistory of the Abenaki Nation, Hanover, N.H.: University Press of New England, →ISBN, pages 44–45:
- 2010, Barnet Phillips, “The Primitive Fish-hook”, in Nick Lyons, editor, The Best Fishing Stories Ever Told, New York, N.Y.: Skyhorse Publishing, →ISBN, part I (Early Days—of It かつ Us), page 7:
- Examining this piece of worked stone, which once belonged to a prehistoric man living in that valley, we find it fairly well polished, though the action of countless years has slightly "weathered" or disintegrated its once smooth surface. In the center, a groove has been cut, and the ends of the stone rise slightly from the middle. It is rather crescent-shaped. It must have been tied to a line, and this stone gorge was covered with a bait; the fish swallowed it, and, the gorge coming crosswise with the gullet, the fish was captured. [...] In the Swiss lakes are found the remains of the Lacustrine dwellers. Among the many implements discovered are fish-gorges made of bronze wire. When these forms are studied, the fact must be recognized at once that they follow, in shape and principle of construction, the stone gorges of the Neolithic period.
- (geography) A deep, narrow passage with steep, rocky sides, particularly one with a stream running through it; a ravine.
- (mechanical engineering) The groove of a pulley.
- 1761 May, “Elements of Philosophy, […] Illustrating the Mechanical Powers of Balances, Levers, Pulleys, &c. and Some Observations as to the Center of Gravity and Equilibres. [Of Pulleys and Moufles or Mousled Pulleys.]”, in The Universal Magazine of Knowledge and Pleasure: […], volume CXCV, number XXVIII, London: Published […] [b]y John Hinton […], OCLC 977832689, page 256, column 1:
- 1869, William John Macquorn Rankine, “Of Elementary Combinations in Mechanism”, in A Manual of Machinery and Millwork, London: Charles Griffin and Company, […], OCLC 963509334, part I (Geometry of Machinery), section V (Connection by Bands), paragraph 172, page 187:
- A cord, in passing round a pulley, lies in a groove, sometimes called the gorge of the pulley; if the object of the pulley is merely to support, guide, or strain the cord, the gorge may be considerably wider than the cord; if the pulley is to drive or to be driven by the cord, so as to transmit motive power, the gorge must in general fit the cord closely, or even be of a triangular shape, so as to hold it tight.
- (food taken into the gullet または stomach): A person's gorge is said to rise (that is, they feel as if they are about to vomit) if they feel irritated or nauseated.
The verb is derived from Middle English gorgen (“to eat greedily; to gorge”), a borrowing from Old French gorger, gorgier (modern French gorger (“to eat greedily; to gorge”)), from gorge (“throat”); see further at etymology 1.
- (intransitive, reflexive) To stuff the gorge or gullet with food; to eat greedily and in large quantities. [+ on (object)]
- 1735, “ANGLING”, in The Sportsman’s Dictionary: Or, The Country Gentleman’s Companion, in All Rural Recreations: […], volume I, London: Printed for C. Hitch, […], and C. Davis, […]; and S. Austen, […], OCLC 642366102:
- [I]f the preceding night prove dark and cloudy, the ſucceeding day, will be no good day to angle in, unleſs it be for ſmall fiſh; for at ſuch time the larger prey abroad for the leſſer; who by inſtinct knowing the danger, hide themſelves till the morning; and having faſted all night, become then very hungry while the larger having gorged themſelves, lie abſconded all the day.
- 1824 June, [Walter Scott], “Narrative of Darsie Latimer, Continued”, in Redgauntlet, […], volume III, Edinburgh: […] Archibald Constable and Co.; London: Hurst, Robinson, and Co., OCLC 926803915, page 200:
- 1991, Janet L. Davies; Ellen H. Janosik, “Adaptational Variations and Disruptions”, in Mental Health and Psychiatric Nursing: A Caring Approach, Boston, Mass.: Jones and Bartlett Publishers, →ISBN, part 2 (Variations かつ Disruptions in Mental Health), page 359, column 1:
- (transitive) To swallow, especially with greediness, or in large mouthfuls or quantities.
- 1871, Homer, “Book XI. Disasters of Achaian Chiefs.”, in Francis W[illiam] Newman, transl., The Iliad of Homer: Faithfully Translated into Unrhymed English Metre, 2nd revised edition, London: Trübner & Co., […], OCLC 559671054, lines 175–176, page 155:
- 1875, “Fishing”, in Hunter’s & Trapper’s Complete Guide, a Manual of Instruction in the Art of Hunting, Trapping, and Fishing, with the Secrets of Making, Setting, and Baiting Traps, by an Old Hunter and Trapper. […], New York, N.Y.: Hurst & Co., publishers, […], OCLC 894203726, page 53:
- If you use live bait, be exceedingly careful in determining when the fish has gorged it. You should give him several minutes after he has seized it, for this purpose. On seeing the bait, a pickerel will generally run off with it, and will then stop to gorge it, but does not always do so. […] But if he has gorged the bait, he will soon start off a second time, and sometimes will stop and start off the third time. In these cases, you should never be in a hurry. when you are convinced that he has taken down the bait, draw a tight line, and strike for your fish.
- (transitive) To fill up to the throat; to glut, to satiate.
- a. 1701, John Dryden, “[Translations from Boccace.] Sigismonda and Guiscardo.”, in The Miscellaneous Works of John Dryden, […], volume III, London: […] J[acob] and R[ichard] Tonson, […], published 1760, OCLC 863244003, page 270:
- a. 1720, Joseph Addison, “Milton’s Style Imitated, in a Translation of a Story out of the Third Æneid”, in The Dramatick Works of Joseph Addison. With the Authour’s Poems, on Several Occasions, Boston, Mass.: Printed by Snelling and Simons, for J. W. Armstrong, […], published 1808, OCLC 10360557, page 186:
- (transitive) To fill up (an organ, a vein, etc.); to block up or obstruct; (US, specifically) of ice: to choke or fill a channel or passage, causing an obstruction.
- 1852 March, Ellwood Morris, “Notice of a Railroad upon an Ice Grade”, in John F[ries] Frazer, editor, Journal of the Franklin Institute of the State of Pennsylvania for the Promotion of the Mechanic Arts, volume XXIII (Third Series; volume LIII overall), number 3, Philadelphia, Pa.: Published by the Franklin Institute, at their hall, OCLC 1013447426, page 161:
- 1836, Robert Christison, “Of the Poisonous Gases”, in A Treatise of Poisons, in Relation to Medical Jurisprudence, Physiology, and the Practice of Physic, 3rd edition, Edinburgh: Adam & Charles Black, […]; London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, Green, & Longman, OCLC 651714163, page 752:
- The morbid appearances left in the body after poisoning with carbonic acid gas have been chiefly observed in persons killed by charcoal vapour. [...] the heart and great veins are gorged with black fluid blood; the eyes are generally glistening and prominent, the face red, and the tongue protruding and black. Gorging of the cerebral vessels seems to be very common.
- 2015 November 13, Linda Anderson, chapter 16, in The Secrets of Sadie Maynard, [Bloomington, Ind.]: Xlibris, →ISBN:
- An act of gorging.
- 1870 February, “American Falconry. A Royal Sport Proper for a Republican People.”, in [Thomas] Mayne Reid, editor, Onward: A Magazine for the Young Manhood of America, volume III, New York, N.Y.: Onward Publishing Office, OCLC 8717398, 3rd head (Training Falcons), pages 127–128:
- To condition a hawk, feed it once in three days with as much meat as it can possibly stow away—which you will find a vast quantity, and more than necessary for a meal. This feast is known technically as a gorge. [...] Between the gorges give only regular meals, and not by any means plentiful ones. Two gorges a week ought to be sufficient, with two meals a day, morning and evening. After a gorge, hood your hawks, to keep them in a torpid state till digestion is accomplished.
- 1934, Samuel Beckett, “Yellow”, in More Pricks than Kicks, London: Chatto and Windus, OCLC 1851819; republished New York, N.Y.: Grove Press, 1972, →ISBN, page 164:
- He would arm his mind with laughter, laughter is not quite the word but it will have to serve, at every point, then he would admit the idea and blow it to pieces. Smears, as after a gorge of blackberries, of hilarity, which is not quite the word either, would be adhering to his lips as he stepped smartly, ohne Hast aber ohne Rast, into the torture-chamber.
- (slang) Gorgeous.
- ^ From the V. O. Hammon Collection of the Newberry Library in Chicago, Illinois, USA.
- ^ From Daniel Coit Gilman, Harry Thurston Peck, and Frank Moore Colby, editors (1905) , “Fishing”, in The New International Encyclopædia, volume 7, New York, N.Y.: Dodd, Mead & Co., OCLC 1049897922, page 676.
- ^ From the 31 March 1962 issue of the 《人民画报》 (People’s Pictorial Newspaper).
- ^ “gorǧe, n.” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 27 March 2019.
- “gorge, n.1”, in OED Online , Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1900.
- ^ “gorge” in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press.
- ^ “gorǧen, v.” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 27 March 2019.
- ^ “gorge, v.”, in OED Online , Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1900.
- ^ “gorge, n.3”, in OED Online , Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1900.
該当件数 : 86件
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嘔吐を催す - 斎藤和英大辞典
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