|gen-||命を与えること、子孫を作ることを表す印欧語根。また、繁殖に関係することや、家族・部族に関係することを表す。重要な派生語は、engine, general, gentle, king, nature, 接尾辞-gen（生成物を表す）など。|
出典:『Wiktionary』 (2015/01/15 06:06 UTC 版)
- (grammar) A division of nouns and pronouns (かつ sometimes of other parts of speech), such as masculine / feminine / neuter, or animate / inanimate.
- (informal, sometimes proscribed) Biological sex: a division into which an organism is placed according to its reproductive functions or organs.
- (informal, sometimes proscribed) Biological sex: the sum of the biological characteristics by which male and female and other organisms are distinguished.
- Identification as male/masculine, female/feminine, or something else, and association with a (social) role or set of behavioral and cultural traits, clothing, etc typically associated with one sex. (Compare gender role, gender identity.)
- 2007, Helen Boyd, She's Not the Man I Married: My Life with a Transgender Husband (ISBN 0786750545), page 93:
- 2010, Eve Shapiro, Gender Circuits: Bodies and Identities in a Technological Age (ISBN 113499950X):
- 2012, Elizabeth Reis, American Sexual Histories, page 5:
- The sociocultural phenomenon of the division of people into various categories such as "male" and "female", with each having associated clothing, roles, stereotypes, etc.
- 1993, David Spurr, The Rhetoric of Empire: Colonial Discourse in Journalism, Travel Writing, and Imperial Administration, page 187:
- 2004, Wenona Mary Giles, Jennifer Hyndman, Sites of violence: gender and conflict zones, page 28:
- Gender does not necessarily have primacy in this respect. Economic class and ethnic differentiation can also be important relational hierarchies, […] . But these other differentiations are always also gendered, and in turn they help construct what is a man or a woman in any given circumstance. So while gender is binary, its components have varied expressions.
- 2005, Colin Renfrew, Paul Bahn, Archaeology: The Key Concepts, page 131:
- (obsolete) Class; kind.
- Some speakers, particularly in informal contexts, use sex and gender synonymously (interchangeably). In formal contexts, a distinction is usually made between sex (which is biological) and gender (which is social). See Wikipedia's article on the sex/gender distinction for more.
- (sociology) To assign a gender to (a person); to perceive as having a gender; to address using terms (pronouns, nouns, adjectives...) that express a certain gender.
- (sociology) To perceive (a thing) as having characteristics associated with a certain gender, or as having been authored by someone of a certain gender.
- 1996, Athalya Brenner, A Feminist Companion to the Hebrew Bible in the New Testament, page 191:
- 2003, Reading the Anonymous Female Voice, in The Anonymous Renaissance: Cultures of Discretion in Tudor-Stuart England, page 244:
出典:『Wikipedia』 (2011/06/22 18:32 UTC 版)
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the feminine gender
女性. - 研究社 新英和中辞典
the masculine gender
男性. - 研究社 新英和中辞典
the neuter gender
中性. - 研究社 新英和中辞典