|bórn of wóman||màke an hónest wóman of…|
該当件数 : 5774件
成句a woman of the street
成句a woman of the world
成句be |one|'|s| own woman
(a female person who plays a significant role (wife or mistress or girlfriend) in the life of a particular man)
From Middle English -woman, from the noun woman.
-woman (複数形 -women, masculine -man)
- A woman who is an expert in an area.
- A woman who is employed or holds a position in an area.
- A woman who has special characteristics relating to a topic or area.
- bogeywoman, superwoman
- A woman of a particular nationality.
- Scotswoman, Norsewoman
- To include people regardless of gender, either the suffix -person is used, or a gender-neutral hypernym, for example police officer instead of policewoman.
- → French: -woman
- “-woman”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–2022.
From Middle English womman, wimman, wifman, from 古期英語 wīfmann (“woman”, literally “female person”), a compound of wīf (“woman, female”, whence English wife) + mann (“person, human being”, whence English man); thus equivalent to wife + man. For details on the pronunciation and spelling history, see the usage notes below.
Cognate with Scots woman, weman (“woman”), Saterland Frisian Wieuwmoanske (“female person, female human, woman”). Similar constructions can be found in West Frisian frommes (“woman, girl”) (from frou かつ minske, literally "woman human").
A few alternative spellings (see below) respell the term so as not to contain man.
- An adult female human.
- 1888 September 6, Michigan School Moderator, page 402, column 3:
- 1978, Ashford & Simpson (lyrics かつ music), “I’m Every Woman”, in Chaka, performed by Chaka Khan:
- 1979, Muriel Lederer, Blue-collar jobs for women, page 59:
- During World War II, many women worked as blacksmiths in the shipbuilding industry and found they liked the challenging, independent work.
- For more quotations using this term, see Citations:woman.
- (collective) All female humans collectively; womankind.
- 1886 October – 1887 January, H[enry] Rider Haggard, She: A History of Adventure, London: Longmans, Green, and Co., published 1887, →OCLC:
- 1910, Emerson Hough, chapter I, in The Purchase Price: Or The Cause of Compromise, Indianapolis, Ind.: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, →OCLC:
- 1972, Helen Reddy, "I Am Woman," first line:
- I am Woman, hear me roar / In numbers too big to ignore
- 1997, Bob Grant, Let's Be Heard, page 42:
- 2011, Eileen Gray and the Design of Sapphic Modernity: Staying In, page 109:
- Unsurprisingly, if modern man is a sort of camera, modern woman is a picture.
- A female person, usually an adult; a (generally adult) female sentient being, whether human, supernatural, elf, alien, etc.
- 2007, Clifford B. Bowyer, The Siege of Zoldex, Silver Leaf Books, LLC, →ISBN, page 307:
- One of the elves, a woman with long auburn hair, was garbed identically to the two dwarves.
- 2008, Christopher Paolini, Brisingr: Or The Seven Promises of Eragon Shadeslayer and Saphira Bjartskular - Inheritance Book Three, →ISBN, page 549:
- A wife (または sometimes a fiancée または girlfriend).
- A female person who is extremely fond of or devoted to a specified type of thing. (Used as the last element of a compound.)
- 2004, Hyveth Williams, Secrets of a Happy Heart: A Fresh Look at the Sermon on the Mount, page 70:
- A female attendant or servant.
The current pronunciation of the first vowel of the singular began to appear in western England in the 13th century under the rounding influence of the w, though the older pronunciation with /i/ (→ modern /ɪ/) remained in use into the 15th century. Although the vowel of the plural was sometimes also altered to /u/ (→ modern /ʊ/) beginning in the 14th century, the pronunciation with /ɪ/ ultimately won out there, possibly under the influence of pairs like foot-feet. However, many speakers (especially of New Zealand English または South African English) have either retained or reinnovated the pronunciation of the plural with /ʊ/. The modern spelling women for the plural is due to influence of the singular; it is attested from the 15th century.
For a time in the 16th and 17th centuries, the pronunciation of the singular sometimes drifted even further back towards /uː/ or /ɔː~oː/ (→ modern /oʊ~əʊ/) and the plural sometimes drifted even further forward towards /iː/, leading to comparisons of the words to "woe man" or "we men".)
- (feminist spellings; very まれに:) (単数形:) womxn, womyn, (複数形:) womxn, womyn, wymyn
- (eye 方言, sometimes also used as feminist spellings:) (単数形:) womin, wommon (also 廃れた用法), womon (複数形:) wimin, wimmin, wimmen, wymmyn
- (廃れた用法, 17th c.) weoman
- (廃れた用法) whoman
- (複数形, informal or 廃れた用法) wimen
- (複数形, 一般的ではない用法, proscribed) womans
- (複数形, 一般的ではない用法, African-American Vernacular) womens
- man (broad sense), human
- advance woman
- black widow
- cis woman
- comfort woman
- con woman
- cunning woman
- first woman
- garbage woman
- kept woman
- little woman
- loose woman
- medicine woman
- muscle woman
- New Woman
- old lady
- old woman
- other woman
- Proverbs woman
- public woman
- right-hand woman
- scarlet woman
- strange woman
- stunt woman
- woman of easy virtue
- woman of ill repute
- woman of science
- woman of the street
- Wonder Woman
- a woman needs a man like a fish needs a bicycle, a woman without a man is like a fish without a bicycle
- behind every successful man there stands a woman
- once a woman, twice a child
- transwoman, trans woman
- womanhater, woman-hater, woman hater
- Antigua and Barbuda Creole English: uman
- Aukan: uman
- Krio: uman
- Sranan Tongo: uma; oema (superseded)
- Torres Strait Creole: oman
- → Japanese: ウーマン (ūman)
- → Korean: 우먼 (umeon)
- → Volapük: vom
woman (三人称単数 現在形 womans, 現在分詞 womaning または womanning, 過去形および過去分詞形 womaned または womanned)
- To staff with female labor.
- 1813, “Yorkshire Assizes. May a woman be deemed a sailor sufficient in manning a vessel? Case of Insurance.—Cook v. Thompson.”, in The Literary Panorama, […], volume XIV, London: […] Cox and Baylis, […] for C[harles] Taylor, […], page 683:
- […] he should prove, from the testimony of the most experienced seamen, that the vessel was, if not, strictly speaking, sufficiently manned, yet that she was sufficiently manned and womanned. The Gypsey was a vessel of 43 tons burden, and there were on board two able seamen and the Captain’s wife, who was a very good sailor;
- 1990, Stephen King, The stand: the complete & uncut edition:
- 2010, Julia Glass, The Widower's Tale, page 77
- (transitive) To make effeminate or womanish.
- (transitive) To furnish with, or unite to, a woman.
- (transitive) To call (a person) "woman" in a disrespectful fashion.
- fair sex
- weaker vessel
- woman up
woman (not comparable)
- (particularly Nigeria, India, sometimes proscribed) Of or relating to a woman/women; female.
- 1985, Anthony King, The British Prime Minister, Duke University Press, →ISBN:
- But of course Britain since 1979 has had a woman prime minister, while no woman has ever come near to being president of the United States.
- 2020 August 18, Veronica Chambers; The Staff of The New York Times, Finish The Fight!: The Brave and Revolutionary Women Who Fought for the Right to Vote, HarperCollins, →ISBN:
American grammarians and style guides often proscribe/reject the usage of woman as an adjective.
- ^ Eric John Dobson, English Pronunciation, volume 2 (1957), page 574
- ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2023), “woman”, in Online Etymology Dictionary. / “woman”, in Dictionary.com Unabridged, Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–present.
- ^ James A. H. Murray [et al.], editors (1884–1928), “Woman”, in A New English Dictionary on Historical Principles (Oxford English Dictionary), London: Clarendon Press, →OCLC.
- ^ Christopher Upward, George Davidson, The History of English Spelling (2011), section "O"
- ^ “Is Hillary Trying to Be the First Woman President, Female President, or Lady President?”, in Slate Magazine, 18 February 2016, retrieved 2022-05-27
- ^ “Female Trouble: The Debate Over “Woman” as an Adjective”, in The New Yorker, 30 May 2019, retrieved 2022-05-27
- ^ “Using 'Lady,' 'Woman,' and 'Female' to Modify Nouns”, in Merriam Webster, accessed 2022-05-27
- ^ “AP Stylebook: Use female, not woman, as an adjective. For example: She is the first female governor of North Carolina. Treatment of the sexes should be evenhanded and free of assumptions and stereotypes.”, in Twitter, July 27, 2020, retrieved 2022-05-27
- woman at OneLook Dictionary Search
- woman in Britannica Dictionary
- woman in Ozdic collocation dictionary
- woman in WordReference English Collocations
- “New definitions for "man" and "woman"” by Victor Mair in Language Log ()
the fair sex
the female sex―the fair sex―the gentle sex―the softer sex―the weaker sex―（文法にては）―the feminine gender
the shape or figure of a woman's body
the female sex
the feminine gender
a squab woman
a young lady―（殊に）―a marriageable young lady
該当件数 : 5774件
ある女 - EDR日英対訳辞書
他の女 - EDR日英対訳辞書
A woman in her twenties.発音を聞く例文帳に追加
20代女性 - Weblio Email例文集
a woman of much avoirdupois発音を聞く例文帳に追加
太った女. - 研究社 新英和中辞典
a stunningly beautiful woman発音を聞く例文帳に追加
すごい美人. - 研究社 新英和中辞典
a susceptible young woman発音を聞く例文帳に追加
多情な娘. - 研究社 新英和中辞典
英和辞典 情報提供元は 参加元一覧 にて確認できます。
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