From Anglo-Norman moralité, Middle French moralité, from Late Latin moralitas (“manner, characteristic, character”), from Latin mōrālis (“relating to manners または morals”), from mos (“manner, custom”).
- (uncountable) Recognition of the distinction between good and evil or between right and wrong; respect for and obedience to the rules of right conduct; the mental disposition or characteristic of behaving in a manner intended to produce morally good results.
- 1841, Thomas Carlyle, Heroes and Hero Worship, ch. 3:
- 1910, Jack London, Theft: A Play In Four Acts, "Characters":
- 1911, G. K. Chesterton, Appreciations and Criticisms of the Works of Charles Dickens, ch. 16:
- 1965, "King Moves North," Time, 30 Apr.:
- (countable) A set of social rules, customs, traditions, beliefs, or practices which specify proper, acceptable forms of conduct.
- 1912, George Bernard Shaw, Pygmalion, act 5:
- 1917, William MacLeod Raine. The Yukon Trail, ch. 14:
- (countable) A set of personal guiding principles for conduct or a general notion of how to behave, whether respectable or not.
- 1781, Samuel Johnson, "Sheffield" in Lives of the Poets:
- 1994, "Man Convicted of Murder in '92 Bludgeoning," San Jose Mercury News, 4 Nov., p. 2B:
- (countable, archaic) A lesson or pronouncement which contains advice about proper behavior.
- 1824, Sir Walter Scott, St. Ronan's Well, ch. 16:
- 1882, William Makepeace Thackeray, "Vanitas Vanitatum" in Ballads, p. 195:
- (uncountable, まれに) Moral philosophy, the branch of philosophy which studies the grounds and nature of rightness, wrongness, good, and evil.
- 1953, J. Kemp, "Review of The Claim of Morality by N.H.G. Robinson," The Philosophical Quarterly, vol. 3, no. 12, p. 278:
- (countable, まれに) A particular theory concerning the grounds and nature of rightness, wrongness, good, and evil.
- Although the terms morality and ethics may sometimes be used interchangeably, philosophical ethicists often distinguish them, using morality and its related terms to refer to actual, real-world beliefs and practices concerning proper conduct, and using ethics to refer to theories and conceptual studies relating to good and evil and right and wrong. In this vein, the American philosopher Brand Blanshard wrote concerning his friend, the eminent British ethicist G. E. Moore: "We often discussed ethics, but seldom morals. . . . He was a master in ethical theory, but did not conceive himself as specially qualified to pass opinions on politics or social issues." 
- (recognition of / obedience to the rules of right conduct): decency, rectitude, righteousness, uprightness, virtuousness
- (personal guiding principles): morals
- (set of customs, traditions, rules of conduct): conventions, morals, mores
- (lesson または pronouncement which contains advice): homily
- (branch of philosophy): ethics, moral philosophy
- (particular theory concerning the grounds かつ nature of rightness, wrongness, etc.): ethics, moral philosophy
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