|flý [sénd úp] a kíte||Gó flý a kíte!|
該当件数 : 238件
The noun is from Middle English kyte, kīte, kete (“a kite endemic to Europe, especially the red kite (Milvus milvus)”), from 古期英語 cȳta (“kite; bittern”), from Proto-Germanic *kūtijô, diminutive of *kūts (“bird of prey”), from Proto-Indo-European *gū- (“to cry, screech”). The English word is cognate with Scots kyt, kyte (“kite; bird of prey”), Middle High German kiuzelīn, kützlīn (“owling”) (modern German Kauz (“barn owl; screech owl”)).
- A bird of prey of the family Accipitridae.
- 1575, George Gascoigne, “Councell to Duglasse Diue Written vpon This Occasion. [...]”, in The Posies of George Gascoigne Esquire. […], printed at London: For Richard Smith, […], OCLC 1048958044; republished in William Carew Hazlitt, compiler, The Complete Poems of George Gascoigne […] In Two Volumes, volume I, [London]: Printed for the Roxburghe Library, 1869, OCLC 885426345, page 370:
- And yet the ſillie kight, well weyde in each degree, / May ſerue ſometimes (as in his kinde) for mans commoditie. / The kight can weede the worme from corne and coſtly ſeedes, / The kight cã kill the mowldiwarpe, in pleaſant meads yͭ breeds: / Out of the ſtately ſtreetes the kight can clenſe the filth, / As mẽ can clẽſe the worthleſſe weedes frõ fruteful fallow tilth; [...]
- 1600, Thomas Danett, chapter 13, in A Continuation of the Historie of France, from the Death of Charles the Eight where Comines [i.e., Philippe de Commines] Endeth, till the Death of Henry the Second, London: Printed by Thomas East for Thomas Charde, OCLC 228714403, page 91:
- 1631, [Francis Bacon], “IX. Century. [Experiments in Consort, Touching Perception in Bodies Insensible, Tending to Natural Diuination, or Subtill Trialls.]”, in Sylua Syluarum: Or A Naturall Historie. In Ten Centuries. […], 3rd edition, London: […] VVilliam Rawley; [p]rinted by J[ohn] H[aviland] for William Lee […], paragraph 824, page 208, OCLC 1044372886:
- 1705, [Jonathan Swift], “A Full and True Account of the Battel Fought Last Friday, between the Antient and the Modern Books in St. James’s Library”, in A Tale of a Tub. […], London: […] John Nutt, […], OCLC 752990886, page 270:
- Any bird of the subfamily Milvinae, with long wings and weak legs, feeding mostly on carrion and spending long periods soaring; specifically, the red kite (Milvus milvus) and the black kite (Milvus migrans).
- 1816, G[eorge] Gregory; [Jeremiah Joyce], “FALCO”, in A Dictionary of Arts and Sciences. [...] In Three Volumes. […], volume II, 1st American edition, Philadelphia, Pa.: Published by Isaac Peirce, […], sold also by Coale and Maxwell, […], and James F. Shores, […]; Dennis Heartt, printer, OCLC 14835555:
- A bird of the genus Elanus, having thin pointed wings, that preys on rodents and hunts by hovering; also, any bird of related genera in the subfamily Elaninae.
- Some species in the subfamily Perninae.
- 2011, “Selected Falconiforms”, in John P. Rafferty, editor, Meat Eaters: Raptors, Sharks, and Crocodiles (Britannica Guide to Predators かつ Prey), New York, N.Y.: Britannica Educational Publishing in association with Rosen Educational Services, →ISBN, page 57:
- The swallow-tailed kite of the New World (Elanoides forficatus) is a striking black and white bird of the subfamily Perninae. It is about 60 cm (24 inches) long, including its long forked tail. It is most common in tropical eastern South America but also occurs from Central America to the United States.
- (figuratively) A rapacious person.
- c. 1603–1606, [William Shakespeare], […] His True Chronicle Historie of the Life and Death of King Lear and His Three Daughters. […] (First Quarto), London: […] Nathaniel Butter, […], published 1608, OCLC 54196469, [Act I, scene iv]:
- [D]eteſted kite, thou li[e]ſt[.] [M]y traine, and[sic, meaning are] men of choiſe and rareſt parts, that all particulars of dutie knowe, and in the moſt exact regard, ſupport the worſhip of their name, [...]
- A lightweight toy or other device, traditionally flat and shaped like a triangle with a segment of a circle attached to its base or like a quadrilateral (see sense 9), carried on the wind and tethered and controlled from the ground by one or more lines.
- 1859 December 13, “The Ghost in the Garden Room”, in Charles Dickens, editor, The Haunted House. The Extra Christmas Number of All the Year Round. […], volume II, Christmas number, London: No. 26, Wellington Street [printed by C. Whiting, […]], OCLC 781591950, page 38, column 1:
- 1921 March, “Keeping Up with the March of Science: Facts for the Man who Wants to Know”, in Waldemar Kaempffert, editor, The Popular Science Monthly, volume 98, number 3, New York, N.Y.: Modern Publishing Company, […], OCLC 228666442, page 71, column 1:
- A tethered object which deflects its position in a medium by obtaining lift and drag in reaction with its relative motion in the medium.
- (astrology) A planetary configuration wherein one planet of a grand trine is in opposition to an additional fourth planet.
- (banking, slang) A blank cheque; a fraudulent cheque, such as one issued even though there are insufficient funds to honour it, or one that has been altered without authorization.
- (finance, slang) An accommodation bill (“a bill of exchange endorsed by a reputable third party acting as a guarantor, as a favour かつ without compensation”).
- 1871, James W. Gilbart, “Section XI. The Administration of Joint-stock Banks, with an Inquiry into the Causes of Their Failures.”, in The Principles and Practice of Banking, new edition, London: Bell & Daldy, […], OCLC 163015248, part I (Of Practical Banking), page 324–325:
- The advantages which are alleged to belong to the district system [of banking] are the following:— [...] as each bank will have an agent in London, the bills they draw will thus have two parties as securities, and the public will have a pledge that there is no excessive issue in the form of kites or accommodation bills.
- (cycling, slang) A rider who is good at climbs but less good at descents.
- (geometry) A polygon resembling the shape of a traditional toy kite (sense 3): a quadrilateral having two pairs of edges of equal length, the edges of each pair touching each other at one end.
- 2011, W. Michael Kelley, “Quadrilaterals”, in The Humongous Book of Geometry Problems: Translated for People Who Don’t Speak Math!!, New York, N.Y.: Alpha Books, →ISBN, page 216:
- A kite is a quadrilateral with exactly two pairs of adjacent congruent sides. Note that a parallelogram has opposite congruent sides, whereas the congruent sides of kites are adjacent. Therefore, a kite is also a parallelogram only when both pairs of adjacent congruent sides of the kite are congruent to each other, making the kite a rhombus.
- (military aviation, slang) An aeroplane or aircraft.
- (sailing, dated) In a square-rigged ship: originally a sail positioned above a topsail; later a lightweight sail set above the topgallants, such as a studding sail or a jib topsail.
- (sailing, slang) A spinnaker (“supplementary sail to a mainsail”).
- (Britain, dialectal) The brill (Scophthalmus rhombus), a type of flatfish.
- (US, prison slang) A (usually concealed) letter or oral message, especially one passed illegally into, within, or out of a prison.
- 2011, Gary L. Heyward, Corruption Officer: From Jail Guard to Perpetrator inside Rikers Island, New York, N.Y.: Atria Paperback, →ISBN, pages 69–70:
- [...] Officers must maintain control by making sure their inmate count is correct, by checking inmates' passes as they walk the hall [...] This helps prevent the occasional juggling of goods, gang communication, such as kites (a written request from one inmate to another), and inmate assaults, such as face cuts or stabbings.
- Other terms
- (transitive) To cause (something) to move upwards rapidly like a toy kite; also (chiefly US, figuratively) to cause (something, such as costs) to increase rapidly.
- 1907, Geo[rge] W[ilbur] Peck, chapter XVII, in Peck’s Bad Boy with the Cowboys, Chicago, Ill.: Stanton and Van Vliet Co., OCLC 1391826, pages 292–293:
- [W]hen he saw the fuse of the firecracker was lighted, he turned the torch on the powder under the barrel of dried apples, and in a second everything went kiting; the barrel of dried apples with the cat in it went up to the ceiling, the stove was blown over the counter, the cheese box and the old groceryman went with a crash to the back end of the store, the front windows blew out on the sidewalk, the old man rushed out the back door with his whiskers singed and yelled "Fire!" [...]
- 1942, William Irish [pseudonym; Cornell Woolrich], Phantom Lady (Story Press Book), Philadelphia, Pa.; New York, N.Y.: J. B. Lippincott Co., OCLC 3620558, page 189:
- 2009, Thomas Fleming, “George Washington: The Agonies of Honor”, in The Intimate Lives of the Founding Fathers, New York, N.Y.: Smithsonian Books, →ISBN; 1st Harper paperback edition, New York, N.Y.: Harper; Smithsonian Books, 2010, →ISBN, page 5:
- (transitive, slang) To tamper with a document or record by increasing the quantity of something beyond its proper amount so that the difference may be unlawfully retained; in particular, to alter a medical prescription for this purpose by increasing the number of pills or other items.
- 1970 June 2, Lowell E. Bellin, “Statement of Dr. Lowell E. Bellin, First Deputy Commissioner, New York City Department of Health”, in Medicare and Medicaid: Hearings before the Subcommittee on Medicare-Medicaid of the Committee on Finance, United States Senate, Ninety-first Congress, Second Session: Part 2 of 2 Parts: […], Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, OCLC 73256, page 535:
- 1975, Spencer Klaw, The Great American Medicine Show: The Unhealthy State of U.S. Medical Care, and What can be Done about It, New York, N.Y.: Viking Press, →ISBN, page 191:
- 2009 July 9, Martin Sandy Doria, “Gao Shang Air Station”, in The Fungido Journals, Bloomington, Ind.: AuthorHouse, →ISBN, page 84:
- Sir, I have a lead that the sergeants in charge at the down town airmen's club have been kiting the winnings on the slot machines. [...] Some of them will give the kid his $10.00 winnings, have him sign for it in the ledger. After the kid walks away he/they add a zero to make it look like the kid won a $100 instead of the ten. Then they pocket the $90.00.
- (transitive, video games) To keep ahead of (an enemy) in order to attack repeatedly from a distance, without exposing oneself to danger.
- (transitive, intransitive) To (cause to) glide in the manner of a kite (“bird”).
- (transitive, intransitive, rare) To manipulate like a toy kite; also, usually preceded by an inflection of go: to fly a toy kite.
- 1997, Norman Schmidt, “Kites are Universal”, in The Great Kite Book (A Sterling/Tamos Book), Winnipeg, Manitoba: TAMOS Books, →ISBN; republished as Best Ever Paper Kites, New York, N.Y.: Sterling Publishing Company; Winnipeg, Manitoba: TAMOS Books, 2003, →ISBN, page 3:
- 2005, Danielle Burgio; with Jennifer Worick, “Coordination”, in The Stuntwoman’s Workout: Get Your Body Ready for Anything, Philadelphia, Pa.: Quirk Books, →ISBN, page 144, column 2:
- (transitive, intransitive, banking, slang) To write or present (a cheque) on an account with insufficient funds, either to defraud or expecting that funds will become available by the time the cheque clears.
- 1863, J[oseph] Sheridan Le Fanu, “In which Dr. Sturk Tries This Way and That for a Reprieve on the Eve of Execution”, in The House by the Church-yard. […], volume II, London: Tinsley, Brothers, […], OCLC 18952474, pages 65–66:
- “An affair of honour?” said O’Flaherty, squaring himself. He smelt powder in everything. / “More like an affair of dishonour,” said Toole, buttoning his coat. “He’s been ‘kiting’ all over the town. Nutter can distrain for his rent to-morrow, and Cluffe called him outside the bar to speak with him; put that and that together, sir.”
- 2015, Kimberly Marlowe Hartnett, “Scandal and Resurrection”, in Carolina Israelite: How Harry Golden Made Us Care about Jews, the South, and Civil Rights, Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, →ISBN, page 163:
- (transitive, intransitive, US, slang, by extension) To steal.
- (intransitive) To travel by kite, as when kitesurfing.
- (intransitive, figuratively) To move rapidly; to rush.
- 1857, Sara T[appan] L[awrence] Robinson, “Arrest of G. Jenkins and G. W. Brown”, in Kansas; Its Interior and Exterior Life. […], 7th edition, Boston, Mass.: Crosby, Nichols and Company; Cincinnati, Oh.: George S. Blanchard; London: Sampson Low, Son & Co., OCLC 9581901, page 263:
- 1876 June 13, George S. Thompson, witness, “Testimony Taken by the Committee on Expenditures in the Department of Justice in Reference to the Use of the Secret Service Fund”, in Index to Reports of Committees of the House of Representatives for the First Session of the Forty-fourth Congress, 1875–’76, Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, OCLC 797128454, page 297:
- (intransitive, engineering, nautical) To deflect sideways in the water.
- (intransitive, US, prison slang) To pass a (usually concealed) letter or oral message, especially illegally into, within, or out of a prison.
- 1961, Erving Goffman, “The Underlife of a Public Institution: A Study of Ways of Making Out in a Mental Hospital”, in Asylums: Essays on the Social Situation of Mental Patients and Other Inmates (Anchor; A277), Garden City, N.Y.: Anchor Books, OCLC 936858774; republished New Brunswick, N.J.; London: Aldine Transaction, 2007 (2009 printing), →ISBN, footnote 166, page 301:
- from Middle English kit, kitte (“wooden bucket or tub; (比喩的に) belly”), possibly from Middle Dutch kitte (“wooden vessel of hooped staves”) (modern Dutch kit (“metal can used mainly for coal”)), further etymology unknown; or
- from Middle English *kid (attested only in compounds such as kide-nẹ̄re (“kidney; region of the kidneys, loins”)), possibly from 古期英語 *cyde, *cydde (“belly”), cwiþ (“belly; womb”), from Proto-Germanic *kweþuz (“belly, stomach”), from Proto-Indo-European *gʷet-, *gut- (“rounding, swelling; entrails, stomach”), from *gʷu-, *gū- (“to bend, bow, curve, distend, vault”). The English word is cognate with Icelandic kviði (“womb”), kviður (“stomach”), kýta (“stomach of a fish; roe”), Middle Low German kūt (“entrails”), West Flemish kijte, kiete (“fleshy part of the body”).
- (Northern England, Scotland, dialectal) The stomach; the belly.
- 1886, Robert Louis Stevenson, “I Make Acquaintance of My Uncle”, in Kidnapped, being Memoirs of the Adventures of David Balfour in the Year 1751: […], London; Paris: Cassell & Company, Limited., OCLC 1056292939, page 17:
- 1909, Charles Collins; Fred Murray (lyrics かつ music), “Boiled Beef and Carrots”, performed by Harry Champion; republished in John Mullen, “The Songs and Their Content”, in The Show Must Go On!: Popular Song in Britain during the First World War, Farnham, Surrey; Burlington, Vt.: Ashgate Publishing, 2015, →ISBN, page 102:
kite (複数形 kite)
- (Egyptology) A measure of weight equivalent to 1⁄10 deben (about 0.32 ounces または 9.1 grams).
- 1981, Pierre Montet, “The Arts and the Professions”, in A[ymer] R[obert] Maxwell-Hyslop and Margaret S[tefana] Drower, transl., Everyday Life in Egypt in the Days of Ramesses the Great, Philadelphia, Pa.: University of Pennsylvania Press, →ISBN, page 167:
- [I]n the great Harris papyrus, [...] precise quantities are recorded by weight in terms of the deben (about 2½ oz.) and the qite (¼ oz.) of gold, silver, copper and precious stones, without any reference to their value. [...] Five pots of honey were bought for five qite of silver and an ox for five qite of gold.
- 1983, Allen B. Lloyd, “The Late Period, 664–323 BC”, in B[ruce] G[raham] Trigger; B[arry] J[ohn] Kemp; D[avid Bourke] O’Connor; A. B. Lloyd, Ancient Egypt: A Social History (Cambridge History of Africa), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, published 2001, →ISBN, page 328:
- [I]t was found necessary to employ media of exchange, and emmer wheat and silver were both used for this purpose. The latter was particularly favoured, but it was normally treated by weight, being measured in kite (9.53 g) and deben (10 kite) in purely Egyptian contexts, though foreigners such as the Jewish mercenaries at Elephantine could use their own metrological systems.
- 2003, Pascal Vernus, “The Plunder of Western Thebes”, in David Lorton, transl., Affairs and Scandals in Ancient Egypt: Translated from the French, Ithaca, N.Y.; London: Cornell University Press, →ISBN, page 25:
- 2016, Brian Muhs, “The Saite and Persian Periods (664–332 BCE)”, in The Ancient Egyptian Economy: 3000–30 BC, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, pages 189–190:
- In the Saite and Persian Periods, Abnormal Hieratic and Demotic texts usually measure value as weights of silver. [...] The weights of silver are almost always either the deben of 91 grams, or the kite of 9.1 grams. In the Persian Period, Demotic texts sometimes also refer to staters equated to two kite, or five to the deben.
- ^ “kīte, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 18 April 2019.
- “kite, n.”, in OED Online , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, 1901; “kite”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.
- ^ “kite, v.”, in OED Online , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, 1901.
- ^ Richard Mayne (2000) , “kite”, in The Language of Sailing, Chicago, Ill.; Manchester: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, →ISBN, page 162.
- ^ “kit(te, n.(1)”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 20 April 2019.
- ^ “kit, n.1”, in OED Online , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, 1901.
- ^ “kide-nẹ̄re, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 20 April 2019.
- ^ James P[eter] Allen (2010) , “Lesson 9. Numbers.”, in Middle Egyptian: An Introduction to the Language and Culture of Hieroglyphs, 2nd edition, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 105: “qdt "qite" ("KEY-teh")”.
該当件数 : 238件
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