該当件数 : 1件
From Middle English hansard (“merchant または citizen of a Hanseatic town; member of a merchant guild; a surname”), from hanse, hansze, hanze, haunse (“merchant guild; the Hanseatic League; member of the Hanseatic League; membership fee for a merchant guild; payment in general”) + -ard (suffix forming adjectives かつ nouns). Hanse is derived from Old French hanse (“merchant guild; membership fee for a merchant guild”), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ḱóm (“beside, by; with; along”) + *sed- (“to sit”). The English word is analysable as Hanse (“merchant guild; the Hanseatic League”) + -ard (suffix forming agent nouns, especially pejorative ones).
- A surname.
- 1726, Samuel Kent, “Of Whole-footed Beasts”, in The Banner Display’d: Or, An Abridgment of Guillim: Being a Compleat System of Heraldry, in All Its Parts. […] In Two Volumes, volume I, London: Printed for Thomas Cox, […], OCLC 642336584, section III, pages 328–329:
- 1751, Stephen Whatley, “Walworth”, in England’s Gazetteer; or, An Accurate Description of All the Cities, Towns, and Villages of the Kingdom. […], volume II, Printed for J. and P. Knapton, D. Browne, A[ndrew] Millar, J. Whiston and B[enjamin] White, OCLC 518023856, column 1:
- 1896 August, Joseph Moxon; Theo[dore] L[ow] De Vinne, “Notes”, in Moxon’s Mechanick Exercises, or, The Doctrine of Handy-works Applied to the Art of Printing: A Literal Reprint in Two Volumes of the First Edition Published in the Year 1683, volume II, New York, N.Y.: The Typothetae of the city of New-York, OCLC 1089839229, paragraph 319, page 427:
- Composition Inking-rollers came in with cylinder printing-machines. The success of the new machines depended on the rollers. According to Hansard, they were first made by Forster of Weybridge, England, who derived his knowledge of the value of a mixture of glue and molasses as a receiver and transferrer of ink from the Staffordshire potteries, where it was used as an aid in the decoration of crockery.
- (historical, also attributively) A member of a Hanse (“merchant guild”), or a resident of a Hanse town.
- 1819, Abraham Rees, “LONDON”, in The Cyclopædia; or, Universal Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, and Literature. [...] In Thirty-nine Volumes, volume XXI, London: Printed for Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, & Brown, […] [et al.], OCLC 1857697, column 1:
- 1871, J[ohn] R[amsay] M‘Culloch, “HANSEATIC LEAGUE”, in Hugh G. Reid, editor, A Dictionary Practical, Theoretical, and Historical of Commerce and Commercial Navigation. […], new revised and corrected edition, London: Longmans, Green, and Co., OCLC 971818371, page 672, column 1:
- 1975, Carl Ortwin Sauer, “Early Sixteenth Century (1501–1518)”, in Sixteenth Century North America: The Land and the People as Seen by Europeans, 1st paperback edition, Berkeley; Los Angeles, Calif.; London: University of California Press, →ISBN, part I (The Atlantic Coast as Known to Midcentury), page 11:
- 2015, Mike Burkhardt, “Kontors and Outposts”, in Donald J[ames] Harreld, editor, A Companion to the Hanseatic League (Brill’s Companions to European History), Leiden; Boston, Mass.: Brill, →ISBN, ISSN 2212-7410, part 2 (Themes in Hanse History), page 127:
- Discussions concerning economic activities of the Hansards often immediately turn to kontors and outposts. [...] At these junctions in the European trade network, the economic sphere, partly dominated by the Hansards, connected various trade regions with different economic and social cultures, goods, and customs.
- 2015, Charles D. Stanton, “The German Hanse: Martial Merchants of the Baltic”, in Medieval Maritime Warfare, Barnsley, South Yorkshire: Pen & Sword Maritime, Pen & Sword Books, →ISBN, part II (Northern Europe – The North Sea, the Baltic Sea かつ the English Channel), page 282:
- Festering antagonism between English and Hanseatic merchants was rooted in the principle of reciprocity. The Hansards enjoyed extensive trading privileges in England, especially at the Steelyard in London, yet they offered their English counterparts no such commercial concessions in their own markets.
From Hansard, the surname of Thomas Curson Hansard (1776–1833), an English printer who inherited the business of printing reports of parliamentary debates and proceedings from his father Luke Hansard (1752–1828). T. C. Hansard added his name to the title of the reports from 1829, and from about 1859 they began to be referred to generically as “Hansards”.
- (chiefly Britain, 通例 of Nations) The official report of debates and other proceedings in the British and some Commonwealth parliaments.
- 1868 October 16, A[rthur] J[ohn] Burns, “Reporting Debates”, in New Zealand. Parliamentary Debates. Third Session of the Fourth Parliament. […] (House of Representatives), volume IV, Wellington: G. Didsbury, government printer, OCLC 84941993, page 372, column 1:
- Mr. BURNS thought that if they were to have a Hansard at all, they should take steps to have it thoroughly well done, and he would be very glad if they could get rid of these corrections altogether. He thought the exact words, or as nearly as possible the exact words, should be put into the Hansard, and the staff should be so efficient that there would be no necessity for corrections.
- 1875 May 4, Mitchell Henry, “Parliament—Publication of Debates and Exclusion of Strangers.—Resolution.”, in Hansard’s Parliamentary Debates, […] (House of Commons), volume CCXXIV (Third Series), 3rd volume of the session, London: Published by Cornelius Buck, at the office for “Hansard’s Parliamentary Debates,” […], OCLC 457066667, columns 68–70:
- Now, Hansard's Debates originated in the year 1803, and through the enterprize of a son of the late Mr. Luke Hansard, who had been so long connected with the printing of the House, these Debates had supplied the Parliament with a very accurate record of its proceedings. They were cited continually in the House, and so great was their reputation that even in Prussia they had a Preussiches Hansard; there was also a Hansard's Debates both in Canada and Australia. [...] Suppose, then, that these Debates came to an end to-morrow; [...] the newspapers would not supply them with the materials which were now contained in Hansard. It was impossible that the newspapers could report the proceedings of the House at sufficient length.
- 1885, [Augustine Birrell], “Carlyle”, in Obiter Dicta, New York, N.Y.: Charles Scribner’s Sons, OCLC 730954197, page 1:
- 1983, Geoffrey Lewis, “Statutory Interpretation”, in Lord Atkin, London: Butterworths, →ISBN, page 118; reprinted Oxford, Oxfordshire; Portland, Or.: Hart Publishing, 1999, →ISBN:
- In any case, the judges are not allowed to read Hansard in order to see what the sponsors, or any other member, may have said. This is a much criticised rule, but there is a certain amount to be said for it. The legislative processes, through which the parliamentary draftsman's work must pass, are confusing and muddled.
- 1992, “The Indian Hansard”, in Parliament of India: The Ninth Lok Sabha 1989–1991: A Study, New Delhi: Northern Book Centre for the Lok Sabha Secretariat, →ISBN, part I (Articles), page 63, column 1:
- In a country like India with a vibrant democracy, parliamentary debates play a very crucial role and are watched with keen interest by the people, who are politically conscious. The Reporters' Branch is entrusted with the responsibility of producing the Indian Hansard, i.e., the Official Report of the proceedings of Lok Sabha.
- 1992 November 26, Lord Griffiths [Hugh Griffiths, Baron Griffiths] (judge of the House of Lords), “Pepper (Inspector of Taxes) … Respondent and Hart … Appellant [ Appeal Cases 593]”, in The Law Reports of the Incorporated Council of Law Reporting: House of Lords, Judicial Committee of the Privy Council and Peerage Cases, London: Incorporated Council of Law Reporting for England and Wales, published 1993, OCLC 1058657962, archived from the original on 18 September 2019, pages 617–618:
- The object of the court in interpreting legislation is to give effect so far as the language permits to the intention of the legislature. If the language proves to be ambiguous I can see no sound reason not to consult Hansard to see if there is a clear statement of the meaning that the words were intended to carry. The days have long passed when the courts adopted a strict constructionist view of interpretation which required them to adopt the literal meaning of the language. [...] I cannot agree with the view that consulting Hansard will add so greatly to the cost of litigation, that on this ground alone we should refuse to do so. Modern technology greatly facilitates the recall and display of material held centrally. I have to confess that on many occasions I have had recourse to Hansard, of course only to check if my interpretation had conflicted with an express Parliamentary intention, but I can say that it does not take long to recall and assemble the relevant passages in which the particular section was dealt with in Parliament, nor does it take long to see if anything relevant was said.
- 1993, Graham Bradshaw, “Appendix: Dashing Othello’s Spirits”, in Misrepresentations: Shakespeare and the Materialists, Ithaca, N.Y.; London: Cornell University Press, →ISBN, page 258:
- Imagine a parliamentary stenographer scribbling furiously in the days before tape recorders. His job is to record politicians' speeches so they can be written up and preserved in an official parliamentary record like Hansard. [...] When some dramatic break or swerve in the speech seems too uncertain to sort out there and then, the stenographer sticks in clumps of hyphens, partly as a signal to himself that he will need to sort this out later when "correcting" and "clarifying" his final copy for Hansard.
- 2015, Roger Williams, “Harassment in Sussex”, in Rough Justice: Citizens’ Experience of Mistreatment and Injustice in the Early Stages of Law Enforcement, Hook, Hampshire: Waterside Press, →ISBN, part 1 (Contributions, Media かつ Experiences), page 106:
- Following the debate in question, Tim Loughton sent an unmarked copy of Hansard to his constituent to inform him that he would no longer be acting as his MP as the constituent had made this position untenable. [...] However, and unbeknown to Loughton, the constituent reported the debate to the police as a 'hate crime' and complained that sending a copy of Hansard was 'harassment'.
- ^ “hansard, n.” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
- ^ “hanse, n.” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007; “-ard, suf.” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
- ^ “Hansard, n.1”, in OED Online , Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1898.
- ^ “Hansard, n.2”, in OED Online , Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1898; “Hansard, n.” in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press.
|Copyright (c) 1995-2021 Kenkyusha Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.|
|Copyright © Benesse Holdings, Inc. All rights reserved.|
日本語ワードネット1.1版 (C) 情報通信研究機構, 2009-2010 License All rights reserved.
WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved. License
|Copyright © 2021 CJKI. All Rights Reserved|
Text is available under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike (CC-BY-SA) and/or GNU Free Documentation License (GFDL).
Weblio英和・和英辞典に掲載されている「Wiktionary英語版」の記事は、WiktionaryのHansard (改訂履歴)の記事を複製、再配布したものにあたり、Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike (CC-BY-SA)もしくはGNU Free Documentation Licenseというライセンスの下で提供されています。
|CMUdict||CMUdict is Copyright (C) 1993-2008 by Carnegie Mellon University.|