|plý for híre|
該当件数 : 1589件
|plek-||編むことを表す印欧語根。印欧語根pel-の拡張。1.multiplex（や接尾辞-plex）の由来として、複数倍すること。 2.語幹plyを持つ語（apply, implicateなど）の由来として、折り重ねること。|
|ply||(plicate, plex)折り重ねること、たたむことを表すラテン語plic#are、印欧語根plek-から。comply, supplyなどの語幹plyとは別。|
PLY (file format)
From Middle English pleit, plit, plite (“a fold, pleat, wrinkle; braid, strand in a braided cord, ply”), from Anglo-Norman pli, plei, pleit, and Middle French pli, ploy, ply (“a fold, pleat; joint in armour; situation, state”) (modern French pli (“a fold, pleat”)), from plier, ployer (“to bend, fold”), from Latin plicāre, present active infinitive of plicō (“to bend, fold, roll up”), from Proto-Indo-European *pleḱ- (“to fold, plait, weave”).
- A layer of material.
- 1999, Twelfth International Conference on VLSI Design: Proceedings: January 7–10, 1999, Goa, India, Los Alamitos, Calif.: IEEE Computer Society Press, →ISBN, page 313:
- 2015 October, Tim Gunn; with Ada Calhoun, “Repositioning the Parsons Fashion Design Program”, in Tim Gunn: The Natty Professor: A Master Class on Mentoring, Motivating, and Making it Work!, trade paperback edition, New York, N.Y.: Gallery Books, →ISBN, part I (Truth Telling), page 49:
- A strand that, twisted together with other strands, makes up rope or yarn.
- 1837 August, “Art I. Protection against Hail Storms. Notice and Description of the Paragrèle, or Hail Rod. By A. J. Downing, Botanic Garden and Nurseries, Newbergh, N.Y.”, in C. M. Hovey, editor, The Magazine of Horticulture, Botany, and All Useful Discoveries and Improvements in Rural Affairs, volume III, number VIII (number XXXII overall), Boston, Mass.: Published by Hovey & Co., […]; New York, N.Y.: Israel Post, […], OCLC 7149744, page 281:
- (colloquial) Short for .
- 1994, Alan Blanc, “Doors”, in Mitchell’s Internal Components (Mitchell’s Building Series), Essex: Longman Scientific & Technical, →ISBN; republished London: Routledge, 2014, →ISBN, section 6.5 (Flush Doors):
- 2015, “Hull and Deck”, in Judith Chamberlain-Webber, editor, The Boat Improvement Bible: Practical Projects to Customise and Upgrade Your Boat, London: Adlard Coles Nautical, →ISBN, page 39, column 1:
- (artificial intelligence, combinatorial game theory) In two-player sequential games, a "half-turn" or a move made by one of the players.
- 1996, Jonathan Schaeffer; Robert Lake, “Solving the Game of Checkers”, in Richard J. Nowakowski, editor, Games of No Chance: Combinatorial Games at MSRI, 1994 (Mathematical Sciences Research Institute Publications; 29), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 122:
- Chinook uses an iterative, alpha-beta search with transposition tables and the history heuristic […]. Under tournament conditions (thirty moves an hour), the program searches to an average minimum depth of nineteen ply (one ply is one move by one player). The search uses selective deepening to extend lines that are tactically or positionally interesting. Consequently, major lines of play are often searched many plies deeper. It is not uncommon for the program to produce analyses that are thirty-ply deep or more.
- 2009, Richard A. Epstein, “Games of Pure Skill and Competitive Computers”, in The Theory of Gambling and Statistical Logic, 2nd edition, Burlington, Mass.: Academic Press, →ISBN; special edition, Waltham, Mass.; Kidlington, Oxfordshire: Academic Press, 2013, →ISBN, page 380:
- Two principal search strategies were (correctly) predicted: Type-A programs that apply "brute force" inspection of every possible position over a fixed number of plys; and Type-B programs that prune potential moves according to some selection function and then examine the significant sets over as many plys as practical and only at those positions reflecting a degree of stability.
- (now chiefly Scotland) A condition, a state.
From Middle English plīen, pli, plie (“to bend, fold, mould, shape; to be flexible; to be submissive, humble oneself; to compel someone to submit”), from Anglo-Norman plier, plaier, pleier, ploier, and Middle French plier, ployer (“to bend, fold; to be submissive; to compel someone to submit”) (modern French plier, ployer), from Old French ploiier, pleier (“to fold”), from Latin plicāre (“to fold”); see further at etymology 1. The word is cognate with Catalan plegar (“to bend, fold”), Italian piegare (“to bend, fold, fold up”), Old Occitan plegar, plejar, pleyar (“to fold”) (modern Occitan plegar), Spanish plegar (“to fold”).
- (transitive, obsolete) To bend; to fold; to mould; (figuratively) to adapt, to modify; to change (a person's) mind, to cause (a person) to submit.
- 1743, Virgil, “The Georgics of Virgil. Book II.”, in [Joseph Davidson], transl., The Works of Virgil Translated into English Prose, […] In Two Volumes, volume I, London: Printed for Joseph Davidson, […], OCLC 838690434, page 135:
- And now when at length the Vineyard has ſhed its late Leaves, and the cold Northwind ſhook from the Groves their Honours; even then the active Swain extends his Cares to the enſuing Year, and cloſe plys the deſolate forſaken Vine, cutting off the ſuperfluous Roots with Saturn's crooked Hook, and forms it by pruning.
- (intransitive) To bend, to flex; to be bent by something, to give way or yield (to a force, etc.).
- 1692, Roger L’Estrange, “[The Fables of Anianus, &c.] Fab[le] CCXV. An Oak and a Willow.”, in Fables, of Æsop and Other Eminent Mythologists: […], London: Printed for R[ichard] Sare, […], OCLC 228727523, page 187:
- The Oak Upbraided the Willow, that it was Weak and Wavering, and gave way to Every Blaſt. […] Some very little while after This Diſpute, it Blew a Violent Storm. The Willow Ply’d, and gave way to the Guſt, and ſtill recover’d it ſelf again, without receiving any Damage: But the Oak was Stubborn, and choſe rather to Break than Bend.
From apply; compare Middle English plīen, pli, plie, pleie (“to place (something) around, on, or over, to cover; to apply, use; to strive”), short for aplīen, applīen (“to combine, join; to attach; to assemble; to use, be of use; to allot; to apply; to inflict; to go; to ply, steer; to comply, submit”), from Old French applier, aplier, aploier (“to bend; to apply”), from Latin applicāre, present active infinitive of applicō (“to apply; to attach, join; to add”), from ad- (“prefix meaning ‘to, towards’”) + plicō (“to bend, fold, roll up”); see further at etymology 1.
- (transitive) To work at (something) diligently.
- 1595, G[eorge] P[eele], The Old Wiues Tale. […], printed at London: By Iohn Danter, and are to be sold by Raph Hancocke, and Iohn Hardie, OCLC 222301598; reprinted as The Old Wives Tale, 1595 (The Malone Society Reprints; 7), Oxford: Printed for the Malone Society by Horace Hart M.A., at the Oxford University Press, 1908 (February 1909 reprint), OCLC 474951709, line 720:
- 1666, Edm[und] Waller, Instructions to a Painter, for the Drawing of the Posture & Progress of His Ma[jes]ties Forces at Sea, under the Command of His Highness Royal. […], London: Printed for Henry Herringman, […], OCLC 15729696, page 13:
- 1877, Robert Louis Stevenson, “An Apology for Idlers”, in Virginibus Puerisque and Other Papers, London: C[harles] Kegan Paul & Co., […], published 1881, OCLC 504702577, page 124:
- (transitive) To wield or use (a tool, a weapon, etc.) steadily or vigorously.
- c. 1590–1592, William Shakespeare, “The Taming of the Shrew”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act II, scene i], page 215, column 1:
- 1854, “St. Valentine’s Day”, in The Favorite, volume I, London: Partridge, Oakey, and Co. […], OCLC 771809812, page 114:
- 1863, [James Pascoe], “Death in the Vaults”, in The Brigantine. A Story of the Sea. In Two Volumes, volume I, London: Richard Bentley, […], OCLC 13365406, page 299:
- 1871 February 24, B. F. Sawyer, “The Ku-Klux—The Atlanta Sun and Bullock’s Proclamation”, in Rome Courier; quoted in Testimony Taken by the Joint Select Committee to Inquire into the Condition of Affairs in the Late Insurrectionary States. Georgia, volume II, Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1 November 1871, published 1872, OCLC 506037414, page 883:
- (transitive) To press upon; to urge persistently.
- (transitive) To persist in offering something to, especially for the purpose of inducement or persuasion.
- 1749, Henry Fielding, “In which the Man of the Hill Continues His History”, in The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling. In Six Volumes, volume III, London: Printed by A[ndrew] Millar, […], OCLC 928184292, book VIII, page 264:
- 1929, M. Barnard Eldershaw [pseudonym; Marjorie Barnard and Flora Eldershaw], chapter VII, in A House is Built, London: George G. Harrap and Co., OCLC 771198868, section VI:
- (transitive, intransitive, transport) To travel over (a route) regularly.
- 1794, “Chap. XXVI. An Act for the Improvement of the Town and Harbour of Wexford, and for Building a Bridge or Bridges over the River Slaney, at or near said Town.”, in Statutes Passed in the Parliaments Held in Ireland, volume X, Dublin: Printed by George Grierson, […], published 1799, OCLC 43682495, section LXXIII, page 56:
- 1866 March 21, “Letton v. Goodden”, in Montagu Chambers, Francis Towers Streeten, and Frederick Hoare Colt, editors, The Law Journal Reports for the Year 1866: […], volume XXXV (New Series; volume XLIV overall), part I (Chancery かつ Bankruptcy), London: Printed by James Holmes, […]; [p]ublished by Edward Bret Ince, […], OCLC 222593300, headnote, page 427, column 1:
- An act of parliament, empowering the plaintiffs, a company, to ply on Sundays from certain points on the south bank of the Thames, but imposing no obligation to provide means of transport or to maintain their plying-places, does not confer an exclusive right against the rest of the world, such as the Court of Chancery will interfere to protect; […]
- (intransitive, obsolete) To work diligently.
- 1711 June 29, Joseph Addison; Richard Steele, “MONDAY, June 18, 1711 [Julian calendar]”, in The Spectator, number 94, London: J[acob] and R[ichard] Tonson, OCLC 1026609121; republished in Alexander Chalmers, editor, The Spectator; a New Edition, Carefully Revised, in Six Volumes: With Prefaces Historical and Biographical, volume II, New York, N.Y.: D. Appleton & Company, 1853, OCLC 191120697, page 23:
- (intransitive, nautical, obsolete) To manoeuvre a sailing vessel so that the direction of the wind changes from one side of the vessel to the other; to work to windward, to beat, to tack.
- 1653 July 21, William Penn; Granville Penn, “A Journal on the Vanguard”, in Memorial of the Professional Life and Times of Sir William Penn, Knt. Admiral and General of the Fleet, during the Interregnum; Admiral and Commissioner of the Admiralty and Navy, after the Restoration. From 1644 to 1670. [...] In Two Volumes, volume I, London: James Duncan, […], published 1833, OCLC 963709697, page 535:
- ^ “pleit, n.” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
- ^ “ply, n.”, in OED Online , Oxford: Oxford University Press, September 2006.
- “plīen, v.(1)” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 16 November 2018.
- “ply, v.1”, in OED Online , Oxford: Oxford University Press, September 2006.
- ^ “ply, v.2”, in OED Online , Oxford: Oxford University Press, September 2006.
- ^ “plīen, v.(2)” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 16 November 2018.
- ^ “ap(p)līen, v.” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 16 November 2018.
該当件数 : 1589件
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