|gò úp in smóke|
該当件数 : 4655件
smoke (a cigarette [pipe])
From Middle English smoke, from 古期英語 smoca (“smoke”), probably a derivative of the verb (see below). Related to Dutch smook (“smoke”), Middle Low German smôk (“smoke”), dialectal German Schmauch (“smoke”).
- (uncountable) The visible vapor/vapour, gases, and fine particles given off by burning or smoldering material.
- 2013 June 29, “Unspontaneous combustion”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8842, page 29:
- Since the mid-1980s, when Indonesia first began to clear its bountiful forests on an industrial scale in favour of lucrative palm-oil plantations, “haze” has become an almost annual occurrence in South-East Asia. The cheapest way to clear logged woodland is to burn it, producing an acrid cloud of foul white smoke that, carried by the wind, can cover hundreds, or even thousands, of square miles.
- (colloquial, countable) A cigarette.
- (colloquial, uncountable) Anything to smoke (e.g. cigarettes, marijuana, etc.)
- (colloquial, countable, never 複数形) An instance of smoking a cigarette, cigar, etc.; the duration of this act.
- 1884, Mark Twain, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Chapter VII:
- (uncountable, figuratively) A fleeting illusion; something insubstantial, evanescent, unreal, transitory, or without result.
- (uncountable, figuratively) Something used to obscure or conceal; an obscuring condition; see also smoke and mirrors.
- The smoke of controversy.
- (uncountable) A light grey colour/color tinted with blue.
- (uncountable, slang) Bother; problems; hassle.
- (military, uncountable) A particulate of solid or liquid particles dispersed into the air on the battlefield to degrade enemy ground or for aerial observation. Smoke has many uses--screening smoke, signaling smoke, smoke curtain, smoke haze, and smoke deception. Thus it is an artificial aerosol.
- (baseball, slang) A fastball.
- (countable) A distinct column of smoke, such as indicating a burning area or fire.
- Big Smoke
- holy smoke
- no smoke without fire
- secondhand smoke/second-hand smoke
- sidestream smoke
- smoke alarm
- smoke and mirrors
- smoke bomb
- smoke deflector
- smoke detector
- smoke eater
- smoke-filled room
- smoke-free zone
- smoke hawk (Circus assimilis)
- smoke jumper/smokejumper
- smoke machine
- smoke ring
- smokescreen/smoke screen/smoke-screen
- smoke signal
- smoke tree
- smoke wagon
- Smokey the Bear
- throwing smoke
From Middle English smoken, from 古期英語 smocian (“to smoke, emit smoke; fumigate”), from Proto-West Germanic *smokōn, from Proto-Germanic *smukōną (“to smoke”), ablaut derivative of Proto-Germanic *smaukaną (“to smoke”), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)mewg- (“to smoke”). Cognate with Saterland Frisian smookje (“to smoke”), West Frisian smoke (“to smoke”), Low German smöken (“to smoke”), German Low German smoken (“to smoke”). Related also to 古期英語 smēocan (“to smoke, emit smoke; fumigate”), Bavarian schmuckelen (“to smell bad, reek”).
- (transitive) To inhale and exhale the smoke from a burning cigarette, cigar, pipe, etc.
- (intransitive) To inhale and exhale tobacco smoke.
- 1897 December (indicated as 1898), Winston Churchill, chapter I, in The Celebrity: An Episode, New York, N.Y.: The Macmillan Company; London: Macmillan & Co., Ltd., OCLC 222716698, page 2:
- Do you smoke?
- (intransitive) To give off smoke.
- (transitive) To preserve or prepare (food) for consumption by treating with smoke.
- (transitive) To dry or medicate by smoke.
- (transitive, obsolete) To fill or scent with smoke; hence, to fill with incense; to perfume.
- 1387–1400, Geoffrey Chaucer, “The Knyghtes Tale”, in The Canterbury Tales, [Westminster: William Caxton, published 1478], OCLC 230972125; republished in [William Thynne], editor, The Workes of Geffray Chaucer Newlye Printed, […], [London]: […] [Richard Grafton for] Iohn Reynes […], 1542, OCLC 932884868:
- (transitive, obsolete) To make unclear or blurry.
- (intransitive, slang, chiefly as present participle) To perform (e.g. music) energetically or skillfully.
- (US, Canada, New Zealand, slang) To beat someone at something.
- (transitive, US, slang) To kill, especially with a gun.
- (transitive, slang, obsolete) To thrash; to beat.
- (obsolete, transitive) To smell out; to hunt out; to find out; to detect.
- c. 1604–1605, William Shakespeare, “All’s VVell, that Ends VVell”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act III, scene vi]:
- 1614–1615, Homer, “(please specify the book number)”, in Geo[rge] Chapman, transl., Homer’s Odysses. […], London: […] Rich[ard] Field [and William Jaggard], for Nathaniell Butter, published 1615, OCLC 1002865976; republished in The Odysseys of Homer, […], volume (please specify the book number), London: John Russell Smith, […], 1857, OCLC 987451380:
- 1715 June 1, Joseph Addison, “The Free-holder: No. 44. Saturday, May 21. [1715.] [Julian calendar]”, in The Works of the Right Honourable Joseph Addison, Esq; […], volume IV, London: […] Jacob Tonson, […], published 1721, OCLC 1056445272:
- 1749, Henry Fielding, The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling
- (slang, obsolete, transitive) To ridicule to the face; to mock.
- To burn; to be kindled; to rage.
- To raise a dust or smoke by rapid motion.
- To suffer severely; to be punished.
- c. 1588–1593, William Shakespeare, “The Lamentable Tragedy of Titus Andronicus”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act IV, scene ii]:
- (transitive, US military slang) To punish (a person) for a minor offense by excessive physical exercise.
- (transitive) To cover (a key blank) with soot or carbon to aid in seeing the marks made by impressioning.
該当件数 : 4655件
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