可算名詞 摘要，要約 〔of〕.
make an abstract of a book 書物の摘要を作る.
[the abstract] 抽象，抽象的思考.
【美術】 ＝abstraction 4b.
|in the ábstract|
該当件数 : 1119件
底のないもの - EDR日英対訳辞書
|同義語（エイリアス）||l(3)04505; l(3)06863; abs; anon-WO0118547.315; l(3)00620; l(3)06862; CG14637; ABS; DEAD box protein abstrakt; ATP-dependent RNA helicase abstrakt; abstrakt; DmRH23|
From Middle English abstract, borrowed from Latin abstractus, perfect passive participle of abstrahō (“draw away”), formed from abs- (“away”) + trahō (“to pull, draw”). The verbal sense is first attested in 1542.
- An abridgement or summary of a longer publication. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
- Something that concentrates in itself the qualities of a larger item, or multiple items. [First attested in the mid 16th century.]
- 1628, John Ford, The Lover's Melancholy
- An abstraction; an abstract term; that which is abstract. [First attested in the mid 16th century.]
- The theoretical way of looking at things; something that exists only in idealized form. [First attested in the early 17th century.]
- (art) An abstract work of art. [First attested in the early 20th century.]
- (real estate) A summary title of the key points detailing a tract of land, for ownership; abstract of title.
- (obsolete) Derived; extracted. [Attested from around 1350 to 1470 until the late 15th century.]
- (now まれに) Drawn away; removed from; apart from; separate. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
- Not concrete: conceptual, ideal. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
- Difficult to understand; abstruse; hard to conceptualize. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
- Separately expressing a property or attribute of an object that is considered to be inherent to that object: attributive, ascriptive. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
- Pertaining comprehensively to, or representing, a class or group of objects, as opposed to any specific object; considered apart from any application to a particular object: general, generic, nonspecific; representational. [First attested by Locke in 1689.]
- Synonyms: general, generalized, generic, nonspecific, representational
- Antonyms: discrete, specific, particular, precise
- 1843, John Stuart Mill, A System of Logic, Ratiocinative and Inductive, Volume 1, page 34,
- A concrete name is a name which stands for a thing; an abstract name which stands for an attribute of a thing. […] A practice, however, has grown up in more modern times, which, if not introduced by Locke, has gained currency from his example, of applying the expression "abstract name" to all names which are the result of abstraction and generalization, and consequently to all general names, instead of confining it to the names of attributes.
- 2012, Laurence, Stephen and Margolis, Eric, Abstraction and the Origin of General Ideas, Philosophers' Imprint volume 12, no. 19, December 2012:
- Given their opposition to innate ideas, philosophers in the empiricist tradition have sought to explain how the rich and multifarious representational capacities that human beings possess derive from experience. A key explanatory strategy in this tradition, tracing back at least as far as John Locke’s An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, is to maintain that the acquisition of many of these capacities can be accounted for by a process of abstraction. In fact, Locke himself claims in the Essay that abstraction is the source of all general ideas (1690/1975, II, xii, §1). Although Berkeley and Hume were highly critical of Locke, abstraction as a source of generality has been a lasting theme in empiricist thought.
- (archaic) Absent-minded. [First attested in the early 16th century.]
- (art) Pertaining to the formal aspect of art, such as the lines, colors, shapes, and the relationships among them. [First attested in the mid 19th century.]
- Insufficiently factual.
- Apart from practice or reality; vague; theoretical; impersonal; not applied.
- 1999, Nicholas Walker, “The Reorientation of Critical Theory: Habermas”, in Simon Glemdinning, editor, The Edinburgh Encyclopedia of Continental Philosophy, Routledge, →ISBN, page 489:
- (grammar) As a noun, denoting an intangible as opposed to an object, place, or person.
- (computing) Of a class in object-oriented programming, being a partial basis for subclasses rather than a complete template for objects.
- (transitive) To separate; to disengage. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
- (transitive) To remove; to take away; withdraw. [First attested in the late 15th century.]
- (transitive, euphemistic) To steal; to take away; to remove without permission. [First attested in the late 15th century.]
- 1872, William Black}, The Strange Adventures of a Phaeton
- 2014, A P Simester, J R Spencer, G R Sullivan, Simester and Sullivan's Criminal Law: Theory and Doctrine
- (transitive) To summarize; to abridge; to epitomize. [First attested in the late 16th century.]
- To conceptualize an ideal subgroup by means of the generalization of an attribute, as follows: by apprehending an attribute inherent to one individual, then separating that attribute and contemplating it by itself, then conceiving of that attribute as a general quality, then despecifying that conceived quality with respect to several or many individuals, and by then ideating a group composed of those individuals perceived to possess said quality.
- (transitive, obsolete) To extract by means of distillation. [Attested from the early 17th century until the early 18th century.]
- (transitive) To consider abstractly; to contemplate separately or by itself; to consider theoretically; to look at as a general quality. [First attested in the early 17th century.]
- (intransitive, reflexive, literally, figuratively) To withdraw oneself; to retire. [First attested in the mid 17th century.]
- (transitive) To draw off (interest または attention).
- June 1869, William Blackwood, Late for the Train (published in Blackwood's Magazine)
- (intransitive, まれに) To perform the process of abstraction.
- (intransitive, fine arts) To create abstractions.
- (intransitive, computing) To produce an abstraction, usually by refactoring existing code. Generally used with "out".
|present tense||past tense|
|2nd-person singular||abstract, abstractest*||abstracted, abstractedst*|
|3rd-person singular||abstracts, abstracteth*||abstracted|
|* Archaic or obsolete.|
- abstract at OneLook Dictionary Search
- abstract in Keywords for Today: A 21st Century Vocabulary, edited by The Keywords Project, Colin MacCabe, Holly Yanacek, 2018.
- abstract in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911.
- abstract in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
- “abstract” in Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors, The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, 2002, →ISBN, page 10.
- ^ Thomas, Clayton L., editor (1940) Taber's Encyclopedic Medical Dictionary, 5th edition, Philadelphia, PA: F. A. Davis Company, published 1993, →ISBN, page 14
- Philip Babcock Gove (editor), Webster's Third International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (G. & C. Merriam Co., 1976 , →ISBN), page 8
該当件数 : 1119件
抽象芸術をばかにするとは君も浅はかな人だ. - 研究社 新英和中辞典
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