該当件数 : 3件
|per-||導くことや運ぶこと、横切ったり過ぎて行くこと、突き通すことなどを表し、語根perのグループに属する動詞的な語根。重要な派生語は、語幹portを持つ語（import, opportunity, reportなど）、fare, sportなど。|
The verb is derived from Middle English disporten, desporten (“to take part in entertainment, sport, etc., to pass time, amuse oneself, be merry; to amuse, entertain; to cheer, console; to behave (in a particular way), deport; to be active, to busy; to relieve (someone of a task); to prevent (someone from attending)”), from Anglo-Norman desporter, Old French desporter, deporter, depporter (“to amuse, entertain; to pass time, amuse oneself; to forbear; to stop”), from Latin deportāre, present active infinitive of dēportō (“to bring, convey; to bring または take home; to carry along または down; to banish, transport”), from dē- (prefix meaning ‘from, off’) + portō (“to bear, carry; to bring, convey”) (from Proto-Indo-European *per- (“to carry forth; fare”)). The English word is a doublet of deport.
The noun is derived from Middle English disport, desport (“activity providing amusement, pleasure または relaxation; entertainment, recreation; game, pastime, sport; pleasure derived from an activity; source of comfort; consolation, solace; conduct, deportment; customary behaviour, manner; act, activity; departure”), from Anglo-Norman disport, Old French desport, deport (“game, pastime, sport; pleasure, recreation; disport”), from desporter: see further above.
- (transitive, intransitive, reflexive, dated) To amuse oneself divertingly or playfully; in particular, to cavort or gambol.
- 1629, M. N. [pseudonym; William Camden], “Anagrams”, in Remaines Concerning Brittaine: But Especially England, and the Inhabitants thereof: […], 4th edition, London: Printed by A[dam] I[slip] for Symon Waterson, […], OCLC 644008279, page 145:
- 1644 January 27, Thomas Jackson, quoting Daniel Taylor, chapter III, in The Life of John Goodwin, […], 2nd greatly improved edition, London: Longmans, Green, Reader, and Dyer, published 1872, OCLC 977200083, page 77:
- 1717, Alexander Pope, “The Rape of the Lock”, in The Works of Mr. Alexander Pope, volume I, London: Printed by W[illiam] Bowyer, for Bernard Lintot, […], OCLC 43265629, canto II, page 133:
- 1812, Lord Byron, Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage. A Romaunt, London: Printed for John Murray, […]; William Blackwood, Edinburgh; and John Cumming, Dublin; by Thomas Davison, […], OCLC 22697011, canto I, stanza IV, page 5:
- 1838, Martin Farquhar Tupper, “Of Rest”, in Proverbial Philosophy: A Book of Thoughts and Arguments, Originally Treated, London: Joseph Rickerby, […], OCLC 36892655, stanza 1, page 57:
- 1855, Frederick Lawrence, “Mont Orgueil Castle and William Prynne”, in [Anna Maria Hall], editor, Sharpe’s London Magazine of Entertainment and Instruction, for General Reading, volume VI (New Series), London: Published for the proprietor, by Virtue, Hall, and Virtue, […], OCLC 881268095, page 160:
- 1861, Henry Thomas Buckle, “An Examination of the Scotch Intellect during the Eighteenth Century”, in History of Civilization in England, volume II, London: Parker, Son, and Bourn, […], OCLC 813289826, page 410:
- [T]he political activity which produced the rebellion against the Stuarts, saved the Scotch mind from stagnating, [...] When the contest was ended, and peace was restored, the faculties which, for three generations, had been exercised in resisting the executive authority, sought other employment, and found another field in which they could disport themselves. Hence it was, that the boldness which, in the seventeenth century, was practical, became, in the eighteenth century, speculative, and produced a literature, which attempted to unsettle former opinions, and to disturb the ancient landmarks of the human mind.
- 1905, William Somerset Maugham, chapter XXXVIII, in The Land of the Blessed Virgin: Sketches and Impressions in Andalusia, London: William Heinemann, OCLC 962027576, page 215:
- (countable, archaic) Anything which diverts one from serious matters; a game, a pastime, a sport.
- 1643, William Prynne, “Proving 1st. that the Parliaments Present Necessary Defensive Warre, is Iust and Lawfull both in Point of Law and Conscience, and No Treason nor Rebellion”, in The Soveraigne Povver of Parliaments and Kingdomes: Divided into Fovre Parts. Together with an Appendix: […], printed at London: For Michael Sparke Senior, OCLC 988827344, page 14:
- It hath beene very frequent with the Kings of England, France, and other Princes, for triall of their man hood, to runne at Iouſts, and fight at Barriers, not onely with forraigners, but with their owne valianteſt Lords and Knights, of which there are various Examples. In theſe Martiall diſports, by the very Law of Armes, theſe Subjects have not onely defended themſelves againſt their kings aſſaults and blowes; but retorted lance for lance, ſtroke for ſtroke, and ſometimes unhorſed, diſarmed, and wounded their Kings, […]
- (uncountable, archaic) Amusement, entertainment, recreation, relaxation.
- (countable, obsolete) The way one carries oneself; bearing, carriage, deportment.
- (countable, obsolete) Bearing, elevation, orientation.
- (uncountable, obsolete) Fun, gaiety, joy, merriment, mirth.
- ^ “disporten, v.” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 15 February 2019.
- ^ “disport, v.”, in OED Online , Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1896; “disport” (US) / “disport” (UK) in Oxford Dictionaries, Oxford University Press.
- ^ “disport, n.” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 15 February 2019.
- ^ “disport, n.”, in OED Online , Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1896.
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