該当件数 : 1953件
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The verb is derived from Middle English strouten, struten (“to bulge, swell; to protrude, stick out; to bluster, threaten; to object forcefully; to create a disturbance; to fight; to display one's clothes in a proud または vain manner”) [and other forms], from 古期英語 strūtian (“to project out; stand out stiffly; to exert oneself, struggle”), from Proto-Germanic *strūtōną, *strūtijaną (“to be puffed up, swell”), from Proto-Indo-European *streudʰ- (“rigid, stiff”), from *(s)ter- (“firm; strong; rigid, stiff”). The English word is cognate with Danish strutte (“to bulge, bristle”), Low German strutt (“stiff”), Middle High German striuzen (“to bristle; to ruffle”) (modern German strotzen (“to bristle up”), sträußen (廃れた用法, except in Alemannic)); and compare Gothic (þrutsfill, “leprosy”), Old Norse þrútinn (“swollen”).
The noun is derived from the verb. Noun sense 2 (“instrument for adjusting the pleats of a ruff”) appears to be due to a misreading of a 16th-century work which used the word stroout (strouted (“caused (something) to bulge, protrude, or swell; strutted”)).
- (intransitive) Of a peacock or other fowl: to stand or walk stiffly, with the tail erect and spread out.
- 1610–1611, William Shakespeare, “The Tempest”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act I, scene ii], page 5, column 1:
- 1883, Ferdusī [i.e., Ferdowsi], “The Gardens of Afrasiab”, in S[amuel] Robinson, transl., Persian Poetry for English Readers: Being Specimens of Six of the Greatest Classical Poets of Persia: Ferdusī, Nizāmī, Sādī, Jelāl-ad-dīn Rūmī, Hāfiz, and Jāmī […], [Glasgow]: […] [M‘Laren & Son] for private circulation, OCLC 504375819, section IV (Miscellaneous Specimens of the “Shah-Namah”), page 93:
- 1887 November 24, “Ye Scheme of Ye Turkye Bold: Ytts Faylure”, in Life, volume X, number 256, New York, N.Y.: Published at the Life Office – […], published 19 July 1883, OCLC 950942941, page 288:
- (intransitive, by extension, also figuratively) To walk haughtily or proudly with one's head held high.
- c. 1597, William Shakespeare, “The Merry VViues of VVindsor”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act I, scene iv], page 42, column 2:
- 1850, Thomas Cooper, chapter XX, in Captain Cobler; or, The Lincolnshire Rebellion: An Historical Romance of the Reign of Henry VIII, London: J[ames] Watson, […], OCLC 13135751, page 191:
- 1857 May, “[Lays of the Elections. By Various Rejected Contributors.] The Cock of the Hustings.”, in Blackwood’s Edinburgh Magazine, volume LXXXI, number CCCCXCIX (米国用法 edition, volume XLIV, number 5), New York, N.Y.: Published by the Leonard Scott & Co., […], OCLC 1042815524, page 632:
- 1867, Peter Macmorland, “A Preacher.—I. Sonnet.”, in Sabbath, an Ode: With Poems Suited to the Communion Season, 2nd edition, Edinburgh: H. Cameron, […], OCLC 16133162, stanza 2, page 87:
- 1883, Howard Pyle, “Robin Hood Compasseth the Marriage of Two True Lovers”, in The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood of Great Renown, in Nottinghamshire, New York, N.Y.: […] Charles Scribner’s Sons […], OCLC 22773434, part fourth, page 148:
- 1888 September, [Amy Levy], “Griselda”, in Temple Bar: […] A London Magazine for Town and Country Readers, volume LXXXIV, London: Richard Bentley & Son, […]; New York, N.Y.: Willmer and Rogers; Paris: Galignani, OCLC 177729571, chapter II (A Welby Festival), page 73:
- [...] I recognise the two Miss Boulters, the acknowledged queens of Welby society, each of whom has managed to secure a cavalier for escort; Margaret Watson flounces by with young Boulter, a stout, florid youth with an insinuating eye; Jo and Charlotte strut out together arm in arm with a funny imitation of their elders.
- (transitive, by extension) To walk across or on (a stage または other place) haughtily or proudly.
- 1827, S[olomon] Atkinson, The Effects of the New System of Free Trade upon Our Shipping, Colonies & Commerce, Exposed in a Letter to the Right Hon. W[illiam] Huskisson, President of the Board of Trade, London: James Ridgeway, […], OCLC 1125822079, page 46:
- 1838, Horace, “Satire IV”, in David Hunter, transl., The Satires and Epistles of Horace, London: John W[illiam] Parker, […], OCLC 559989887, book I, lines 63–66, pages 20–21:
- 1868, P. F. Roe, “Rhythmical Etchings of Character. No. III. Thomas Trite, Esquire.”, in Poems: Characteristic, Itinerary, and Miscellaneous, London: John Camden Hotten, […], OCLC 504473991, page 51:
- (intransitive, obsolete) Often followed by out: to protuberate or stick out due to being full or swollen; to bulge, to swell.
- 1631, Helkiah Crooke, Μικροκοσμογραφια [Mikrokosmographia]. A Description of the Body of Man. […], 2nd edition, London: […] Thomas and Richard Cotes, and are to be sold by Michael Sparke, […], OCLC 1065149683; quoted in Valerie Traub, “The (In)Significance of ‘Lesbian’ Desire in Early Modern England”, in Jonathan Goldberg, editor, Queering the Renaissance, Durham, N.C.; London: Duke University Press, 1994, →ISBN, page 66:
- 1671, Jane Sharp, “Of the Sympathy between the Womb and Other Parts, and How It is Wrought upon by Them”, in The Midwives Book. Or The Whole Art of Midwifry Discovered. […], London: […] Simon Miller, […], OCLC 960105227, book II, page 132:
- a. 1701, John Dryden, “The First Book of Homer’s Ilias”, in The Miscellaneous Works of John Dryden, […], volume IV, London: […] J[acob] and R[ichard] Tonson, […], published 1760, OCLC 863244003, page 441:
- 1869 April 1, George Birdwood, “III. On the Genus Boswellia, with Descriptions and Figures of Three New Species. […]”, in The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, volume XXVII, 1st part, London: […] Taylor and Francis, […]; and by Longmans, Green, Reader, and Dyer, […], OCLC 1131684322, page 123:
- (transitive, obsolete) Often followed by out: to cause (something) to bulge, protrude, or swell.
- (also figuratively) A step or walk done stiffly and with the head held high, often due to haughtiness or pride; affected dignity in walking.
- (historical) An instrument for adjusting the pleats of a ruff.
The origin of sense 1 of the noun (“beam または rod providing support”) is unknown; it is probably ultimately from Proto-Germanic *strūtōną, *strūtijaną (“to be puffed up, swell”): see further at etymology 1. The English word is cognate with Icelandic strútur (“hood jutting out like a horn”), Low German strutt (“rigid, stiff”), Norwegian strut (“nozzle, spout”), Swedish strut (“paper cornet”).
- (chiefly construction) A beam or rod providing support.
- 1833 August 26, R. Macdonald Stephenson; Charles J. Blunt, “Blackfriars’ Bridge Repairs”, in The Mechanics’ Magazine, Museum, Register, Journal, and Gazette, volume XX, number 551, London: M. Salmon, […], published 1 March 1834, OCLC 183222409, page 358, column 2:
- This alteration will obviate the necessity for the injudicious iron struts which are now introduced between the backs of the columns and the face of the pilasters, and which, in a practical point of view, afford little or no advantage, except against a direct shock; and even in many such cases they have failed in that object; for in such of them as have been struck, permanent alteration of the strut has taken place, which now has the effect of holding those portions of the shaft with which they are connected out of their places.
- 1919 July, M. E. Williams [et al.], “Seaplane No. 3, Seaplane No. 4 (Boat Type)”, in United States Navy Aviation Mechanics’ Training System for Plane Maintenance Force: Course Manual for Quartermasters’ (A) Course (Form MUL. 306—N. 500), New York, N.Y.: United States Navy Gas Engine School, Columbia University; Great Lakes, Ill.: United States Naval Training Station, OCLC 42631330, part 2 (Technical Course), pages 587–588:
- Replacing and Aligining Wing-tip Float Struts. Loosen the brace wires and stagger wires on the wing-tip float. Remove the bolts or pins from the strut fittings, both on the float and on the wing surface; then lift the strut out. Carefully replace the strut in a like manner. This is a very simple operation but care must be taken to align the strut with the one in the rear and the one opposite.
- 1992 January, Don Chaikin, “Car Care: Saturday Mechanic: Replacing MacPherson Struts and Shocks”, in Joe Oldham, editor, Popular Mechanics, volume 169, number 1, New York, N.Y.: The Hearst Corporation, ISSN 0032-4558, OCLC 868915883, pages 72 and 74:
- MacPherson struts are found attached to the front wheels of just about every front-drive car on the road and at the fronts of many rear-wheel-drive cars, as well. [...] The MacPherson strut is a single unit that contains the shock absorber and coil spring. In addition, the strut acts as the upper arm in a typical suspension.
- An act of strutting (“bracing or supporting (something) by a strut or struts (sense 1); attaching diagonally; bending at a sharp angle”); specifically, deviation (of the spoke of a wheel) from the normal position.
- (transitive, chiefly construction, also figuratively) To brace or support (something) by a strut or struts; to hold (something) in place or strengthen by a diagonal, transverse, or upright support.
- (intransitive) To be attached diagonally or at a slant; also, to be bent at a sharp angle.
- ^ “strǒuten, v.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
- ^ “strut, v.1”, in OED Online , Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1919.
- “strut, v.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.
- ^ “strut, n.3”, in OED Online , Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1919.
- “strut, n.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.
- “strut, n.2”, in OED Online , Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1919.
- ^ “strut, v.2”, in OED Online , Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1919.
- ^ “strut, n.4”, in OED Online , Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1919.
- ^ “† strut, adj.”, in OED Online , Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1919.
該当件数 : 1953件
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