該当件数 : 6446件
|per||非常に広い意味を持つ印欧語根で、基本的には「前に」「…を経て」を表す前置詞の意味を持つ。その他にin front of, before, early, first, chief, toward, against, near, at, aroundのような広い意味を表す。|
|-ation||次の意味を表す名詞語尾 1動作、行動 2結果の状態 3結果として生じた物|
From Middle English approchen, aprochen (“to come or go near, approach; to adjoin, be close by; to enter (someone’s) presence; to be or become involved; to reach (a certain state); to arrive; to befall, happen to; to become similar to, resemble; to be a match for (someone)”) [and other forms], borrowed from Old French approchier, aprochier (“to approach”) (modern French approcher), from Late Latin appropiāre, adpropiāre, respectively the present active infinitives of appropiō and adpropiō (“to approach, come near to”), from Latin ad- (prefix meaning ‘to’) + propiō (“to draw near”) (from prope (“near, nearby”), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *pro- (a variant of *per- (“before, in front; first”)) + *-kʷe (“suffix forming distributives from interrogatives”)).
- (intransitive) To come or go near, in place or time; to advance nearer; to draw nigh.
- c. 1603–1606, [William Shakespeare], […] His True Chronicle Historie of the Life and Death of King Lear and His Three Daughters. […] (First Quarto), London: […] Nathaniel Butter, […], published 1608, OCLC 54196469, [Act II, scene ii]:
- 1611, The Holy Bible, […] (King James Version), London: […] Robert Barker, […], OCLC 964384981, Hebrews 10:24–25, column 1:
- 1843 December 19, Charles Dickens, “Stave I. Marley’s Ghost.”, in A Christmas Carol. In Prose. Being a Ghost Story of Christmas, London: Chapman & Hall, […], OCLC 55746801, pages 35–36:
- (intransitive, golf, tennis) To play an approach shot.
- (transitive, intransitive, figuratively) Used intransitively, followed by to: to draw near (to someone または something); to make advances; to approximate or become almost equal.
- 1824 January, Tristram Merton [pseudonym; Thomas Babington Macaulay], “Criticisms on the Principal Italian Writers. No. I. Dante.”, in [Charles Knight], editor, Knight’s Quarterly Magazine, volume II, number I, London: […] [William Clowes] for Charles Knight, […], OCLC 614542612, page 215:
- 1839, Samuel Laing, chapter IX, in A Tour in Sweden in 1838; Comprising Observations on the Moral, Political, and Economical State of the Swedish Nation, London: […] [Andrew Spottiswoode] for Longman, Orme, Brown, Green, & Longmans, […], OCLC 27033245, page 371:
- Without these incentives to industry the Norwegian would be like the Laplander, without industry and civilisation; and the nearer he approaches to the beau idéal of those political economists—to the state of being without a taste for these foreign and expensive luxuries—the nearer he approaches to the condition of the Laplander in the comforts and enjoyments of life.
- (transitive, rarely intransitive) Of an immovable object or a number of such objects: to be positioned as to (notionally) appear to be moving towards (a place).
- (transitive, also figuratively) To come near to (someone または something) in place, time, character, or value; to draw nearer to.
- c. 1606, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Macbeth”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act II, scene iii], page 137, column 2:
- a. 1700, William Temple, “Some Thoughts upon Reviewing the Essay of Antient and Modern Learning”, in Miscellanea. The Third Part. [...], London: […] Jonathan Swift, […] Benjamin Tooke, […], published 1701, OCLC 23640974, page 223:
- 1719 April 25, [Daniel Defoe], The Life and Strange Surprizing Adventures of Robinson Crusoe, […], 3rd edition, London: […] W[illiam] Taylor […], published 1719, OCLC 838630407, pages 190–191:
- […] I ſtuck all the Ground without my Wall, for a great way every way, as full with Stakes or Sticks of the Osier-like Wood, which I found ſo apt to grow, as they could well ſtand; inſomuch, that I believe I might ſet in near twenty thouſand of them, leaving a pretty large Space between them and my Wall, that I might have room to ſee an Enemy, and they might have no ſhelter from the young Trees, if they attempted to approach my outer Wall.
- 1831, John James Audubon, “The American Redstart. Muscicapa Ruticilla, Linn. […]”, in Ornithological Biography, or An Account of the Habits of the Birds of the United States of America; […], Edinburgh: Adam Black, […], OCLC 546867936, page 234:
- 1838, Boz [pseudonym; Charles Dickens], “And Last”, in Oliver Twist; or, The Parish Boy’s Progress. […], volume III, London: Richard Bentley, […], OCLC 558204586, page 309:
- Mr. Brownlow adopted Oliver as his own son, and removing with him and the old housekeeper to within a mile of the parsonage house, where his dear friends resided, he gratified the only remaining wish of Oliver's warm and earnest heart, and thus linked together a little society, whose condition approached as nearly to one of perfect happiness as can ever be known in this changing world.
- 1895–1897, H[erbert] G[eorge] Wells, “The Eve of the War”, in The War of the Worlds, London: William Heinemann, published 1898, OCLC 699873, book I (The Coming of the Martians), page 3:
- 1904, William Anthony Granville, “Theory of Limits”, in Percey F[ranklyn] Smith, editor, Elements of the Differential and Integral Calculus, Boston, Mass.; New York, N.Y.: Ginn & Company, OCLC 926065625, paragraph 29 (Limit of a Variable), page 19:
- If a variable takes on successively a series of values that approach nearer and nearer to a constant value in such a manner that [Footnote: To be read the numerical value of the difference between and ] becomes and remains less than any assigned arbitrarily small positive quantity, then is said to approach the limit , or to converge to the limit . Symbolically this is written / limit .
- (transitive) To bring (something) near something else; to cause (something) to draw near.
- (transitive) To attempt to make (a policy) or solve (a problem).
- (transitive) To bring up or propose to (someone) an idea, question, request, etc.
- (transitive, archaic, euphemistic) To have sexual intercourse with (someone).
- (transitive, military) To take approaches to (a place); to move towards (a place) by using covered roads, trenches, or other works.
Regarding the use of sense 5 (“to come near to (someone または something) in place, time, character, or value”) in discussing convergence in mathematical analysis, modern rigorous formulations avoid using the words approach and converge. However, the terms are used informally when rigour is not required.
|present tense||past tense|
|2nd-person singular||approach, approachest*||approached, approachedst*|
|3rd-person singular||approaches, approacheth*||approached|
From Middle English approche (“approach, arrival”), from approchen, aprochen (“to come or go near, approach; to adjoin, be close by; to enter (someone’s) presence; to be or become involved; to reach (a certain state); to arrive; to befall, happen to; to become similar to, resemble; to be a match for (someone)”); see etymology 1.
- (also figuratively) An act of drawing near in place or time; an advancing or coming near.
- 1591, William Shakespeare, “The Second Part of Henry the Sixt, […]”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act III, scene iii], page 136, column 2:
- c. 1595–1596, W. Shakespere [i.e., William Shakespeare], A Pleasant Conceited Comedie Called, Loues Labors Lost. […] (First Quarto), London: […] W[illiam] W[hite] for Cut[h]bert Burby, published 1598, OCLC 61366361; republished as Shakspere’s Loves Labours Lost (Shakspere-Quarto Facsimiles; no. 5), London: W[illiam] Griggs, […], , OCLC 1154977408, [Act II, scene i], lines 81–84:
- 1719 April 25, [Daniel Defoe], The Life and Strange Surprizing Adventures of Robinson Crusoe, […], 3rd edition, London: […] W[illiam] Taylor […], published 1719, OCLC 838630407, page 353:
- Theſe Things, and the Approach of Night, called us off, or elſe, as Friday would have had us, we ſhould certainly have taken the Skin of this monſtrous Creature off, which was worth ſaving; but we had near three Leagues to go, and our Guide haſten'd us; ſo we left him, and went forward on our Journey.
- 1729, [Alexander Pope], “Book the Third”, in The Dunciad. With Notes Variorum, and the Prolegomena of Scriblerus, London: […] Lawton Gilliver […], OCLC 702320739, lines 337–338 and 345–346, pages 169–170:
- 1811, Samuel Horsley, “Sermon I. St. James v. 8. For the coming of the Lord draweth nigh.”, in Sermons, volume I, New York, N.Y.: […] T. and J. Swords, […], OCLC 5327685, page 10:
- 1843 December 19, Charles Dickens, “Stave I. Marley’s Ghost.”, in A Christmas Carol. In Prose. Being a Ghost Story of Christmas, London: Chapman & Hall, […], OCLC 55746801, page 6:
- 1859, George Eliot [pseudonym; Mary Ann Evans], “The Hall Farm”, in Adam Bede […], volume I, Edinburgh; London: William Blackwood and Sons, OCLC 2108290, book first, page 130:
- An act of coming near in character or value; an approximation.
- 1859 May 10, Richard Owen, “Appendix B. On the Orang, Chimpanzee, and Gorilla, with Reference to the ‘Transmutation of Species.’”, in On the Classification and Geographical Distribution of the Mammalia, […], London: John W[illiam] Parker and Son, […], OCLC 926205528, page 85:
- The canine, judging from the figures published by M. [Édouard] Lartet, seems to be less developed than in the male chimpanzees, gorillas and orang. In which character the fossil, if it belonged to a male, makes a nearer approach to the human type; but it is one which many of the inferior monkeys also exhibit, and is by no means to be trusted as significant of true affinity, supposing even the sex of the fossil to be known as being male.
- (also figuratively) An avenue, passage, or way by which a building or place can be approached; an access.
- , George Herbert, “Dulnesse”, in [Nicholas Ferrar], editor, The Temple: Sacred Poems, and Private Ejaculations, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire: […] Thomas Buck and Roger Daniel; and are to be sold by Francis Green, […], OCLC 1048966979; reprinted London: Elliot Stock, […], 1885, OCLC 54151361, page 108:
- 1791, Homer; W[illiam] Cowper, transl., “[The Odyssey.] Book VII.”, in The Iliad and Odyssey of Homer, Translated into Blank Verse, […], volume II, London: […] J[oseph] Johnson, […], OCLC 779243096, lines 100–102 and 109–112, page 151:
- 1900, A[lfred] T[hayer] Mahan, “The Opening Campaign in Natal to the Investment of Ladysmith (October 11–November 2)”, in The War in South Africa: A Narrative of the Anglo-Boer War from the Beginning of Hostilities to the Fall of Pretoria, New York, N.Y.: Peter Fenelon Collier & Son, OCLC 1610566, page 31, column 2:
- (figuratively) A manner of making (a policy) or solving (a problem, etc.).
- 1980 May 2, “In the Matter of Amendment of Section 64.702 of the Commission’s Rules and Regulations (Second Computer Inquiry): Final Decision”, in Federal Communications Commission Reports: Decisions and Reports of the Federal Communications Commission of the United States (Docket no. 20828; FCC 80-189), volume 76 (2nd Series), Washington, D.C., published 1982, OCLC 908804239, section IV (Comments), paragraph 41, page 402:
- 1980 June 27, J[ames] Skelly Wright, Chief Judge, United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, “Lead Industries Association, Inc., Petitioner, v. Environmental Protection Agency, Respondent (No. 78-2201)”, in Federal Reporter […] (2nd Series), volume 647, number 1–3, St. Paul, Minn.: West Publishing Co., published 1981, OCLC 891573999, page 1136:
- 1989, Congressional Research Service, “Article I: Legislative Power: Separation of Powers Limitations”, in Johnny H. Killian and George A. Costello, editors, The Constitution of the United States of America: Analysis and Interpretation: 1988 Supplement: […] (100th Congress, 2nd Session, Senate Document; no. 100-43; United States Congressional Serial Set; no. 13854), Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, OCLC 968505334, page 4:
- The functional approach [to separation of powers issues] emphasizes the core functions of each branch and asks whether the challenged action threatens the essential attributes of the legislative, executive, or judicial function or functions. Under this approach, there is considerable flexibility in the moving branch, usually Congress acting to make structural or institutional change, if there is little significant risk of impairment of a core function or in the case of such a risk if there is a compelling reason for the action.
- (archaic) An opportunity of drawing near; access.
- 1727, [John] Gay, “Fable XVI. The Pin and the Needle.”, in Fables, 2nd edition, London: […] J[acob] Tonson and J. Watts, published 1728, OCLC 1204997009, page 1:
- 1851 November 14, Herman Melville, “The Doubloon”, in Moby-Dick; or, The Whale, 1st American edition, New York, N.Y.: Harper & Brothers; London: Richard Bentley, OCLC 57395299, page 479:
- (aviation, also attributively) The way an aircraft comes in to land at an airport.
- (bowling) The area before the lane in which a bowler may stand or run up before bowling the ball.
- (golf, tennis) Short for .
- approach shoe
- ^ “ap(p)rōchen, v.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
- ^ “approach, v.”, in OED Online , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, March 2021; “approach, v.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.
- ^ “apprōche, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
- ^ “approach, n.”, in OED Online , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, July 2020; “approach, n.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.
該当件数 : 6446件
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