|at the hélm|
該当件数 : 119件
The noun is derived from Middle English helm, helme (“tiller of a ship”), from 古期英語 helma (“helm, tiller”), from Proto-Germanic *helmô (“handle; helm, tiller”), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ḱel- (“to cover”).
- (nautical) The tiller (または, in a large ship, the wheel) which is used to control the rudder of a marine vessel; also, the entire steering apparatus of a vessel.
- 1563 March 30, John Lambert, “The History of Master Ihon Lābert otherwise Called Nycolson, wyth the Actes and Processe of King Henrye the VIII. and the Byshops agaynst Hym, by whome He was Condempned and Burned at London. Anno. 1538.”, in John Foxe, Actes and Monuments of These Latter and Perillous Dayes, […], London: […] Iohn Day, […], →OCLC, book III, page :
- Ye this is both helme & stern of al together: & that which they contended right sore to impugn, but loue of the truth, wherwith in this poynte I reckened me wel fēsed, wold not suffer me to apply & yeld to their wil, thinking, quod sanctū erat veritatē preferre amicitiæ, that the truth ought to be preferred before al frendship & amitye, & also, Si dextra manus scandalizet deberet prescidi & abijci.
- 1634, T[homas] H[erbert], “An Itinerarie of Some Yeares Trauaile, through Diuers Parts of Asia and Afrike, with the Description of the Orientall Indies, and Some Iles Adjacent. Especially the Territories of the Now Persian Monarchie: Included betwixt Mesopotamia, Indus, and the Caspian Sea”, in A Relation of Some Yeares Travaile, Begunne Anno 1626. into Afrique and the Greater Asia, […], London: […] William Stansby, and Jacob Bloome, →OCLC, page 5:
- 1755–1757 (date written), [Thomas] Gray, “Ode VI. The Bard. Pindaric.”, in The Poems of Mr. Gray. […], York, Yorkshire: […] A. Ward; and sold by J[ames] Dodsley, […]; and J. Todd, […], published 1775, →OCLC, stanza II.2, page 31:
- (by extension)
- (nautical) The use of a helm (sense 1); also, the amount of space through which a helm is turned.
- (nautical) The member of a vessel's crew in charge of steering the vessel; a helmsman or helmswoman.
- Something used to control or steer; also (obsolete), a handle of a tool or weapon; a haft, a helve.
- 1614–1615, Homer, “The Fifth Book of Homer’s Odysseys”, in Geo[rge] Chapman, transl., Homer’s Odysses. […], London: […] Rich[ard] Field [and William Jaggard], for Nathaniell Butter, published 1615, →OCLC; republished in The Odysseys of Homer, […], volume I, London: John Russell Smith, […], 1857, →OCLC, page 120, lines 311–313:
- A position of control or leadership.
- 1629 January 11 (Gregorian calendar), James Howell, “XXXIII. To the Right Honourable Sir Peter Wichts, Ambassador at Constantinople.”, in Epistolæ Ho-Elianæ. Familiar Letters Domestic and Forren. […], 3rd edition, volume I, London: […] Humphrey Mos[e]ley, […], published 1655, →OCLC, section V, page 211:
- 2011 January 11, Jonathan Stevenson, “West Ham 2 – 1 Birmingham”, in BBC Sport, archived from the original on 17 April 2021:
- [Avram] Grant will be desperate to finish the job of getting West Ham to their first Wembley cup final in 30 years when they meet Birmingham in the second leg at St Andrews on 26 January; though arguably of more pressing concern is whether he will still be at the helm for Saturday's Premier League encounter with Arsenal.
- One in the position of controlling or directing; a controller, a director, a guide.
- A position of control or leadership.
- (nautical) To control the helm (noun sense 1) of (a marine vessel); to be in charge of steering (a vessel).
- (figurative) To direct or lead (a project, etc.); to manage (an organization).
- 1601 (date written), Iohn Marston [i.e., John Marston], What You Will, London: […] G[eorge] Eld, for Thomas Thorppe, published 1607, →OCLC, Act II, signature C3, verso:
- c. 1603–1604 (date written), William Shakespeare, “Measure for Measure”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act III, scene ii], page 73, column 2:
- 2014 December 1, Malcolm Jack, “John Grant with the Royal Northern Sinfonia review – positively spine-tingling”, in Alan Rusbridger, editor, The Guardian, London: Guardian News & Media, →ISSN, →OCLC, archived from the original on 31 July 2022:
- "I wanted to change the world, but I could not even change my underwear," sings John Grant at the piano, in a luxuriant baritone croon as thick and healthy as his beard. It’s hard to reconcile the guy who once struggled to so much as put on clean pants back in the bad old days – well-storied, not least through his own songs – with the one warmly and gracefully helming this complex, prestigious production – the penultimate date on a tour of packed concert halls, backed by an orchestra.
- 2021 January 20, Jill Colvin, “Trump bids farewell to Washington, hints of comeback”, in AP News, archived from the original on 7 October 2022:
From Middle English helm (“helmet; crown of thorns of Jesus; warrior; inn または shop sign”) [and other forms], from 古期英語 helm (“helmet”), from Proto-West Germanic *helm, from Proto-Germanic *helmaz (“protective covering”), probably from Proto-Indo-European *ḱelmos, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱel- (“to cover”). Doublet of helmet.
- Gothic (hilms)
- Old Frisian helm (West Frisian helm)
- Old High German helm (Middle High German helm, modern German Helm; Italian elmo; Old French helme, modern French heaume; Spanish yelmo)
- Old Norse hjalmr (Danish hjelm, Norwegian hjelm, Swedish hjelm)
- Old Saxon helm (Low German Helm, Middle Dutch helm, modern Dutch helm)
- (archaic or poetic) A helmet.
- c. 1587–1588, [Christopher Marlowe], Tamburlaine the Great. […] The First Part […], 2nd edition, part 1, London: […] [R. Robinson for] Richard Iones, […], published 1592, →OCLC; reprinted as Tamburlaine the Great (A Scolar Press Facsimile), Menston, Yorkshire, London: Scolar Press, 1973, →ISBN, Act I, scene ii:
- 1667, John Milton, “Book VI”, in Paradise Lost. […], London: […] [Samuel Simmons], […], →OCLC; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: […], London: Basil Montagu Pickering […], 1873, →OCLC, lines 840–843:
- 1716, Homer, [Alexander] Pope, transl., “Book V”, in The Iliad of Homer, volume II, London: […] W[illiam] Bowyer, for Bernard Lintott […], →OCLC, page 59, lines 918–921:
- 1914 January–May, Edgar Rice Burroughs, chapter VII, in The Outlaw of Torn, Chicago, Ill.: A[lexander] C[aldwell] McClurg, published 1927, →OCLC; republished as The Outlaw of Torn (Project Gutenberg; EBook #369), 11 November 2020:
- (heraldry) Synonym of
- (by extension)
- (Northern England) A shelter for cattle or other farm animals; a hemmel, a shed.
- (Northern England (Cumberland, Westmorland)) A heavy cloud lying on the brow of a mountain, especially one associated with a storm.
- 1800 November (date written; published 1806), Samuel Taylor Coleridge, “[Sibylline Leaves.] A Stranger Minstrel. [Written to Mrs. [Mary] Robinson, a Few Weeks before Her Death.]”, in The Poetical and Dramatic Works of Samuel Taylor Coleridge […], volume II, London: Macmillan and Co., published 1880, →OCLC, page 159:
- (except Britain, dialectal) The crown or top of something.
- (alchemy, chemistry) The upper part or cap of an alembic or retort.
From Middle English helmen, helmi (“to provide with a helmet; (比喩的に) to cover; to protect”), from 古期英語 helmian (“to cover”), ġehelmian (“to cover with a helmet; to crown”), from (ġe- (prefix with an intensifying effect, または forming nouns または verbs denoting processes または results) +) helm (“helmet”) (see further at etymology 2) + -ian (suffix forming verbs from adjectives かつ nouns).
- (transitive, archaic or poetic) To cover (a head) with a helmet; to provide (someone) with a helmet; to helmet.
- a variant of haulm; or
- from its etymon Middle English halm, helm, Early Middle English healm (“straw, stubble; stalk (?); handle of a tool or weapon”) [and other forms], from 古期英語 healm (“stalk of a grass または plant; hay, straw, stubble”), from Proto-Germanic *helmaz, *halmaz (“stalk of a grass または plant; hay, straw”), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ḱelh₂- (“to prick, stab, stick”).
- (countable) A stalk of corn, or (uncountable) stalks of corn collectively (that is, straw), especially when bundled together or laid out straight to be used for thatching roofs.
- (uncountable) Alternative form of
- 1583, John Foxe, “Notes Omitted of Them that Were Burnt at Bristol”, in Stephen Reed Cattley, editor, The Acts and Monuments of John Foxe: […], new edition, volume VIII, London: R. B. Seeley and W. Burnside; and sold by L. & G. Seeley, […], published 1839, →OCLC, page 737:
- The sheriff, John Griffith, had prepared green wood to burn him; but one master John Pikes, pitying the man, caused divers to go with him to Ridland, half a mile off, who brought good store of helme-sheaves, which indeed made good dispatch with little pain, in comparison to that he should have suffered with the green wood.
- (uncountable, obsolete) Synonym of (“any of numerous reedy grass species of the genus Agrostis”)
- ^ “helm(e, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
- ^ Compare “helm, n.2”, in OED Online , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, March 2022; “helm1, n.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–2022.
- ^ “helm, v.2”, in OED Online , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, March 2021; “helm1, v.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–2022.
- ^ “helm, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
- ^ Compare “helm, n.1”, in OED Online , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, March 2022; “helm2, n.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–2022.
- ^ “helmen, v.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
- ^ “helm, v.1”, in OED Online , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, March 2021.
- ^ “helm, n.3”, in OED Online , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, December 2020.
- ^ “halm, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
- ^ Kroonen, Guus (2011), “*helm, *hulmaz”, in The Proto-Germanic n-stems: A study in diachronic morphophonology, Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, § 9. The evidence, page 162
- ^ “helm, v.3”, in OED Online , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, September 2018.
- helmet on Wikipedia.
- helmsman on Wikipedia.
- ship's wheel on Wikipedia.
- tiller on Wikipedia.
- helm (disambiguation) on Wikipedia.
- Joseph Wright, editor (1902), “HELM, sb.1”, in The English Dialect Dictionary: […], volume III (H–L), London: Henry Frowde, […], publisher to the English Dialect Society, […]; New York, N.Y.: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, →OCLC, page 136, column 2.
- Joseph Wright, editor (1902), “HELM, sb.2”, in The English Dialect Dictionary: […], volume III (H–L), London: Henry Frowde, […], publisher to the English Dialect Society, […]; New York, N.Y.: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, →OCLC, page 137, column 1.
From Proto-West Germanic *helm, from Proto-Germanic *helmaz (“helmet”), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱel- (“to cover, to hide”). Compare Old Frisian helm, Old Saxon helm, Old High German helm, Old Norse hjalmr, Gothic (hilms).
- bānhelm (“helmet, shield”)
- bārhelm (“helmet with the image of a boar”)
- behelmian (“to cover over”)
- cynehelm (“crown”)
- cynehelmian (“to crown”)
- grīmhelm (“helmet (with visor)”)
- gūþhelm (“helmet”)
- hæleþhelm, heoloþhelm (“helmet which makes the wearer invisible”)
- hēahhelm (“loftily crested”)
- helmberend (“helmeted warrior”)
- helmian (“to cover, crown; provide with a helmet”)
- hilman (“helmet, cover”)
- īrenhelm (“iron helmet”)
- lēafhelmig (“leafy at the top”)
- leþerhelm (“leathern helmet”)
- lyfthelm (“air, mist, cloud.”)
- misthelm (“covering of mist”)
- nihthelm (“shades of night.”)
- oferhelmian (“to overshadow”)
- sceaduhelm (“darkness”)
- sundhelm (“covering of water, sea”)
- wæterhelm (“covering of ice”)
- wuldorhelm (“crown of glory”)
該当件数 : 119件
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