|gò úp in smóke|
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smoke (a cigarette [pipe])
From Middle English smoke, from 古期英語 smoca (“smoke”), probably a derivative of the verb smocian (“to smoke, emit smoke; fumigate”), from Proto-Germanic *smukōną (“to smoke”), ablaut derivative of Proto-Germanic *smaukaną (“to smoke”), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)mewg- (“to smoke”). Related to 古期英語 smēocan (“to smoke, emit smoke; fumigate”), West Frisian smoke (“(to) smoke”), Dutch smook (“smoke”), Middle Low German smôk (“smoke”), German Low German smoken (“to smoke”), dialectal German Schmauch (“smoke”), Bavarian schmuckelen (“to smell bad, reek”).
- (uncountable) The visible vapor/vapour, gases, and fine particles given off by burning or smoldering material.
- 2013 June 29, “Unspontaneous combustion”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8842, page 29:
- Since the mid-1980s, when Indonesia first began to clear its bountiful forests on an industrial scale in favour of lucrative palm-oil plantations, “haze” has become an almost annual occurrence in South-East Asia. The cheapest way to clear logged woodland is to burn it, producing an acrid cloud of foul white smoke that, carried by the wind, can cover hundreds, or even thousands, of square miles.
- (colloquial, countable) A cigarette.
- (colloquial, uncountable) Anything to smoke (e.g. cigarettes, marijuana, etc.)
- (colloquial, countable, never 複数形) An instance of smoking a cigarette, cigar, etc.; the duration of this act.
- 1884, Mark Twain, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Chapter VII:
- (uncountable, figuratively) A fleeting illusion; something insubstantial, evanescent, unreal, transitory, or without result.
- (uncountable, figuratively) Something used to obscure or conceal; an obscuring condition; see also smoke and mirrors.
- The smoke of controversy.
- (uncountable) A light grey colour/color tinted with blue.
- smoke colour:
- (military, uncountable) A particulate of solid or liquid particles dispersed into the air on the battlefield to degrade enemy ground or for aerial observation. Smoke has many uses--screening smoke, signaling smoke, smoke curtain, smoke haze, and smoke deception. Thus it is an artificial aerosol.
- (baseball, slang) A fastball.
- Big Smoke
- holy smoke
- no smoke without fire
- secondhand smoke/second-hand smoke
- sidestream smoke
- smoke alarm
- smoke and mirrors
- smoke bomb
- smoke deflector
- smoke detector
- smoke eater
- smoke-filled room
- smoke-free zone
- smoke hawk (Circus assimilis)
- smoke jumper/smokejumper
- smoke machine
- smoke ring
- smokescreen/smoke screen/smoke-screen
- smoke signal
- smoke tree
- smoke wagon
- Smokey the Bear
- throwing smoke
- (transitive) To inhale and exhale the smoke from a burning cigarette, cigar, pipe, etc.
- (intransitive) To inhale and exhale tobacco smoke.
- Do you smoke?
- (intransitive) To give off smoke.
- To preserve or prepare (food) for consumption by treating with smoke.
- (transitive, obsolete) To fill or scent with smoke; hence, to fill with incense; to perfume.
- (transitive, obsolete) To make unclear or blurry.
- (slang) To perform (e.g. music) energetically or skillfully. Almost always in present participle form.
- (US, Canada, New Zealand, slang) To beat someone at something.
- (transitive, US, slang) To kill, especially with a gun.
- (obsolete, transitive) To smell out; to hunt out; to find out; to detect.
- c. 1604–1605, William Shakespeare, “All’s VVell, that Ends VVell”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act III, scene vi]:
- (Can we date this quote by Chapman かつ provide title, author's full name, かつ other details?)
- (Can we date this quote by Addison かつ provide title, author's full name, かつ other details?)
- 1749, Henry Fielding, The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling
- (slang, obsolete, transitive) To ridicule to the face; to mock.
- To burn; to be kindled; to rage.
- To raise a dust or smoke by rapid motion.
- To suffer severely; to be punished.
- c. 1588–1593, William Shakespeare, “The Lamentable Tragedy of Titus Andronicus”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act IV, scene ii]:
- (transitive, US military スラング) To punish for a minor offense by excessive physical exercise.
Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for smoke in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)
該当件数 : 4624件
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