|ánything lìke…||féel lìke…|
|júst lìke thát||lìke ánything [blázes，crázy，mád，the dévil]|
|lìke nóthing on éarth||lóok lìke…|
|nóthing lìke…||sómething lìke(…)|
|Thát's mòre líke it!|
|(as) líke as nót|
|and the lìke||or the lìke|
Which do you like better, tea or coffee? 紅茶とコーヒーとどちらが好きですか 《★【用法】 like を修飾する副詞は通例 very much, better, best, more, most; 能動態で well を用いるのはまれ》.
[would [should] like で]
|Hów do you líke…?||if you lìke|
|líke it or nót||(Wéll,) I líke thát!|
該当件数 : 49887件
2((would, shouldの後に用いて))((ていねい))（口語では'd likeとなる．shouldが用いられるのは((英))で，形式ばった表現で主語が一人称のとき）a《would [should] like ...》（できれば）…が欲しい，…を望む
b《would [should] like to do》（できれば）…したい（と思う）
c《would [should] like A to do》Ａ（人）に…してもらいたい
d《would [should] like A B》AにBであって欲しい（Bは形容詞，分詞）
《would like to have done》…したかったのだが（できなかった）（would have liked to doも同じ意味で用いられる）
3《not like to do [doing]》((おもに英))（あまり）…したくない，（喜んで，進んで）…する気がしない（be unwilling to do）
成句How do [would] you like ...?
（How would you like ...?のほうがていねいな言い方）
成句I'd like to see [know, hear] ...
成句I'd like to think [believe] (that) ...
成句if you like
成句like it or not
成句(Well,) I like that!
成句Would you like ...?
成句Would you like to do?
2まるで…のように（as if）（一般に非標準用法とされるが，act, behave, feel, look, soundなどの動詞に続けて用いられることが多い）
((ふつうthe [one's] ～))〈…と〉同じようなもの；（重要性・価値などが）〈…と〉同等のもの〈of〉（しばしば否定文・疑問文で用いる）
成句and the [such] like
そのほか同様のもの，…など（and so on [forth]のほうが普通）
成句or the like
成句the like(s) of ...
成句something like ...
成句That's more like it.
成句What is ... like?
2まるで…のように（as if）（一般に非標準用法とされるが，act, behave, feel, look, soundなどの動詞に続けて用いられることが多い）
like [not like, unlike]
From Middle English -like, -lik, from Middle English like, lik (“same, similar, alike”), from 古期英語 ġelīc and Old Norse líkr (“same, similar, alike”). Reinforced by like (preposition). Doublet of -ly. Compare also Dutch -lijk (“-ly, -like”).
- Having some of the characteristics of (used to form adjectives from nouns).
- 1996, Kevin Siembieda, Palladium Fantasy Role-Playing Game page 128 under "Dark"
- 2012 May 20, Nathan Rabin, “TV: Review: THE SIMPSONS (CLASSIC): “Marge Gets A Job” (season 4, episode 7; originally aired 11/05/1992)”, in The Onion AV Club:
- What other television show would feature a gorgeously designed sequence where a horrifically mutated Pierre and Marie Curie, their bodies swollen to Godzilla-like proportions from prolonged exposure to the radiation that would eventually kill them, destroy an Asian city with their bare hands like vengeance-crazed monster-Gods?
- (dialectal) Used to form adverbs from adjectives or nouns; alternative of -ly.
Verb from Middle English liken, from 古期英語 līcian (“to please; be sufficient”), from Proto-West Germanic *līkēn, from Proto-Germanic *līkāną (“to please”), from Proto-Indo-European *leyg- (“image; likeness; similarity”).
Cognate with Saterland Frisian liekje (“to be similar, resemble”), Dutch lijken (“to seem”), German Low German lieken (“to be like; resemble”), German gleichen (“to resemble”), Swedish lika (“to like; put up with; align with”), Norwegian like (“to like”), Icelandic líka (“to like”).
- To enjoy, be pleased by; favor; be in favor of.
- 1689 (indicated as 1690), [John Locke], chapter 2, in An Essay Concerning Humane Understanding. […], London: […] Eliz[abeth] Holt, for Thomas Basset, […], OCLC 153628242, book I, page 21:
- 1907 August, Robert W[illiam] Chambers, chapter VIII, in The Younger Set, New York, N.Y.: D. Appleton & Company, OCLC 24962326:
- (transitive, archaic) To please.
- (obsolete) To derive pleasure of, by or with someone or something.
- To prefer and maintain (an action) as a regular habit or activity.
- (obsolete) To have an appearance or expression; to look; to seem to be (in a specified condition).
- (archaic) To come near; to avoid with difficulty; to escape narrowly.
- To find attractive; to prefer the company of; to have mild romantic feelings for.
- (obsolete) To liken; to compare.
- (Internet, transitive) To show support for, or approval of, something posted on the Internet by marking it with a vote.
- (with 'would' かつ in certain other phrases) To want, desire. See also would like.
- In its senses of “enjoy” and “maintain as a regular habit”, like is a catenative verb; in the former, it usually takes a gerund (-ing form), while in the latter, it takes a to-infinitive. See also Appendix:English catenative verbs.
- Like is only used to mean “want” in certain expressions, such as “if you like” and “I would like”. The conditional form, would like, is used quite freely as a polite synonym for want.
Adjective from Middle English like, lyke, from 古期英語 ġelīċ by shortening, influenced by Old Norse líkr, glíkr; both from Proto-Germanic *galīkaz (“like, similar, same”). Related to alike; more distantly, with lich and -ly. Cognate with West Frisian like (“like; as”), Saterland Frisian gliek (“like”), Danish lig (“alike”), Dutch gelijk (“like, alike”), German gleich (“equal, like”), Icelandic líkur (“alike, like, similar”), Norwegian lik (“like, alike”) Swedish lik (“like, similar”)
Adverb from Middle English like, lyke, liche, lyche, from 古期英語 ġelīċe (“likewise, also, as, in like manner, similarly”) and Old Norse líka (“also, likewise”); both from Proto-Germanic *galīkê, from Proto-Germanic *galīkaz (“same, like, similar”).
- (obsolete) Likely; probable.
- 1668, Robert South, The Messiah's Sufferings for the Sins of the People (sermon, March 20, 1668)
- 1702–1704, Edward [Hyde, 1st] Earl of Clarendon, “(please specify |book=I to XVI)”, in The History of the Rebellion and Civil Wars in England, Begun in the Year 1641. […], Oxford, Oxfordshire: Printed at the Theater, published 1707, OCLC 937919305:
- (obsolete, colloquial) Likely.
- (archaic or まれに) In a like or similar manner.
- (sometimes as the likes of) Someone similar to a given person, or something similar to a given object; a comparative; a type; a sort.
- (golf) The stroke that equalizes the number of strokes played by the opposing player or side.
- (colloquial) As, the way.
- As if; as though.
- The American Heritage Dictionary opines that using like as a conjunction, instead of as, the way, as if, or as though, is informal; it has, however, been routine since the Middle English period. AHD4 says "Writers since Chaucer's time have used like as a conjunction, but 19th-century and 20th-century critics have been so vehement in their condemnations of this usage that a writer who uses the construction in formal style risks being accused of illiteracy or worse", and recommends using as in formal speech and writing. OED does not tag it as colloquial or nonstandard, but notes, "Used as conj[unction]: = 'like as', as. Now generally condemned as vulgar or slovenly, though examples may be found in many recent writers of standing."
- Similar to, reminiscent of.
- 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 1, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
- Pretty soon I struck into a sort of path […]. It twisted and turned, […] and opened out into a big clear space like a lawn. And, back of the lawn, was a big, old-fashioned house, with piazzas stretching in front of it, and all blazing with lights. 'Twas the house I'd seen the roof of from the beach.
- 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 10, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
- It was a joy to snatch some brief respite, and find himself in the rectory drawing–room. Listening here was as pleasant as talking; just to watch was pleasant. The young priests who lived here wore cassocks and birettas; their faces were fine and mild, yet really strong, like the rector's face; and in their intercourse with him and his wife they seemed to be brothers.
- 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 19, in The China Governess:
- 2013 June 7, David Simpson, “Fantasy of navigation”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 188, number 26, page 36:
- Like most human activities, ballooning has sponsored heroes and hucksters and a good deal in between. For every dedicated scientist patiently recording atmospheric pressure and wind speed while shivering at high altitudes, there is a carnival barker with a bevy of pretty girls willing to dangle from a basket or parachute down to earth.
- Typical of
- In the manner of, similarly to.
- Such as
- As if there would be.
- (colloquial, Scotland, Ireland, Tyneside, Teesside, Liverpudlian) A delayed filler.
- (colloquial) A mild intensifier.
- (colloquial) indicating approximation or uncertainty
- (colloquial, slang) When preceded by any form of the verb to be, used to mean “to say” or “to think”; used to precede an approximate quotation or paraphrase.
- (delayed filler): I mean, you know
- (mild intensifier): I mean, well, you know
- (indicating approximation または uncertainty): I mean, well, you know
- (口語: used to precede paraphrased quotations): be all, go
The use as a quotative is informal. It is commonly used by young people, and commonly disliked by older generations, especially in repeated use. It may be combined with the use of the present tense as a narrative. Similar terms are to go and all, as in I go, “Why did you do that?” and he goes, “I don't know” and I was all, “Why did you do that?” and he was all, “I don't know.” These expressions can imply that the attributed remark which follows is representative rather than necessarily an exact quotation; however, in speech these structures do tend to require mimicking the original speaker's inflection in a way said would not.
該当件数 : 49887件
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