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takeとは


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単語を追加
主な意味(手などで)取る、(…を)取る、つかむ、(…を)抱く、抱き締める、(わな・えさなどで)捕らえる、捕縛する、捕虜にする、(…を)(…で)捕らえる、占領する
コア take01.jpg

自分のところに取り込む

何かを手にして自分のところに取り込む動作が関与し,「あるところから何かを取る」「何かを(手に)取る」「何かを自分のところに取り込む」の3つの側面のどこを強調するかで,さまざまな意味が展開する
音節take 発音記号
/teɪk(米国英語)/

takeの
変形一覧

動詞:taking(現在分詞) took(過去形) taken(過去分詞) takes(三人称単数現在)
名詞:takes(複数形)

takeの
イディオムやフレーズ

takeの
学習レベル

レベル:1
学校レベル:中学以上の水準
英検:3級以上合格に覚えておきたい単語
TOEICスコア:220以上取得に覚えておきたい単語
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研究社 新英和中辞典での「take」の意味

take

音節take 発音記号/téɪk/
動詞 他動詞
(音節took 発音記号/tˈʊk/;音節tak・en 発音記号/téɪk(ə)n/)
A

a

〔+目的語(+前置詞+()名詞)〕〔手・指道具などで〕〈…を〉取るつかむinbetween,with〕.


The child took my hand. その私の取った[につかまった] (cf. take 1b).

b

〔+目的語+by+〕〈人の〉〔衣服の一部を〕つかむ 《★【用法】 衣服部分表わす名詞の前に the を用いる》.


The child took me by the hand. その私の取った[につかまった] (cf. take 1a).

c

〔+目的語+前置詞+()名詞〕〈…を〉〔に〕抱く抱き締めるto〕; 〈…を〉〔に〕抱くin〕.


2

a

(わな・えさなどで)〈鳥獣を〉捕らえる; 〈犯人などを〉捕縛する捕虜にする.


b

〔+目的語+補語〕〈…を〉〈…で〉捕らえる.


take a bribe 収賄(ゆうわ)する.

b

〔+目的語(+from+()名詞)〕〔…から〕〈…を〉受ける稼ぐ.


He took 600 dollars last week. 彼は先週 600 ドルを稼いだ.
I'll take this hat. この帽子をください.

b

新聞などを〉予約して取る,〈切符座席などを〉予約する; 〈などを〉(契約して)借りる.


b

〔+目的語+in+()名詞〕〈ミルク砂糖などを〉〔…に入れる.


6

a

を〉採用する; 〈弟子を〉取る; 〈下宿人を〉置く; 〈を〉めとる.


b

〔+目的語+前置詞+()名詞〕〈を〉〔…に入れる入会させるto,into〕.


We took him into the group. 彼をそのグループに加えた.

7

a

手段などを〉講じる.


b

機会などを〉使用する利用する.


Take your time before answering. ゆっくり考えたうえで答えたまえなくてよい》.

c

〈…を〉(に)あげる.


8

a

〈…を〉(選んで)用いる採用する.


I take size nine shoes. 私は 9 をはきます.

b

機械が〉〈…を〉使用する.


9

a

科目コースなどを〉取る; 〈授業を〉受ける.


10

〔+目的語+from+()名詞


a

〈…を〉〔…から得る取り出す.


This medicine takes its name from the inventor. この発明者取っている.

b

〈…を〉〔…から引用する借用する.


11

a

恐怖病気気分などが〉〈を〉(急に)襲う 《★しばしば受身用い前置詞は with》.


b

〔+目的語+補語〕〈を〉〈病気に〉させる 《★通例受身用い前置詞用いない》.


12

が〉〈病気発作などに〉襲われるかかる.


take (a) cold かぜを引く 《★【比較】 catch用いるほうが一般的》.
The song took my fancy. その気に入った.

14

a

が〉つく.


b

染料香りなどを〉吸収する.


The milk has taken the smell of fish. (冷蔵庫で)ミルク魚のにおいった.

c

磨きなどが〉きく.


Marble takes a high polish. 大理石はよくける.

15

が〉〈えさに〉食いつく.


16

が〉〈と〉性交する.


17

俗語》〈を〉だます.


18

【文法】〈…を〉語尾にとる.


Ordinary nouns takes in the plural. 普通の名詞複数語尾に ‐s がつく.

19

野球投球を〉見送る.


B

1

(ある場所からへ)持っていく 《★【類語】bring》:


Please take these dishes away and wash them. この持っていっててください.
Will this road take me to the station? この行けますか.

b

〔+目的語+with+()名詞〕〈ものを〉〔人の身辺に〕携帯する; 〈を〉〔…と〕同伴する.


Take your umbrella with you. 持っていきなさい.

d

〔+目的語(+out)+for+()名詞〕〈を〉〔…に連れていく.


e

〔+目的語+doing〕〈を〉〔…しに〕連れていく.


I took him swimming. 彼を泳ぎに連れていった.

f

〔+目的語+to+()名詞〕〈努力仕事などが〉〈を〉〔…へ行かせる到達させる.


Someone has taken my umbrella. だれか私の持っていった.

b

〔+目的語(+away)+from+()名詞〕〈…を〉〔…から取り除く; (引き算で)〈…を〉〔…から引く.


He was taken from school and taught at home. 彼は学校やめて家で勉強をさせられた.
If you take 3 (away) from 8, you have [it leaves] 5. 8から 3 を引けば 5 が残る.

d

〔+目的語+off+()名詞〕〔値段などから〕〈…を〉差し引く.


a

〔(+目的語)+目的語〕〈に〉〈時間労力などを〉必要とするかかる.


b

〔+目的語(+for+()名詞)+to do〕[it主語として] 〔…が〕〈…するのに〉〈…〉かかる 《★【用法】 Itto do形式主語ともれなくはないが,非人称の it と考えられる》.


c

〔+間接目的語+直接目的語+to do〕[it主語として] 〈…するのに〉〈…に〉〈…〉かかる.


d

〔+doing〕[some,mucha lot of などを伴って] 〈もの・などが〉(にとって)〈…するのが〉(かなり)骨が折れる 《★【用法】 この文の主語doing意味上の目的語になっている》.


That takes some believing. それは信じがたい.
C

a

〔+目的語+for+()名詞〕〈…を〉〔…だと〕思うみなす.


b

〔+目的語+to be 補語〕〈…を〉〈…だと〉思うみなす.


c

〔+目的語+as補語〕〈…を〉〈…だと〉思うみなす.


d

〔+目的語(+from+()名詞)+that〕[take it で] 〔…から〕〈…だと〉(一応)解釈する 《★【用法】 take の後直接 that をつながないで形式目的語it を置く》.


b

〔+目的語+as〕〈…を〉〈…のままで〉受け入れる.


3

〔+目的語+from+()名詞 (+that)〕


a

[take it from me で] 〈…だと〉信じる 《★【用法】 話し手確信を示す成句表現で「確かに」「大丈夫」のにもなる》.


b

[take my word for it で] 〈…だと〉信じる 《★【用法】 3a と同じ》.


4

a

忠告などを〉いれる,〈…に従う.


b

非難などを〉甘受する耐え忍ぶ.


D

1

する,行なう 《★【用法】 have と同義通例成句的に用いられる》:


a

[動作名目的語として] 〈ある行動を〉する.


b

休息休暇を〉とる,楽しむ.


c

〈ふろに〉入る; 〈外気日光に〉浴する.


d

注意決心見方世話などを〉する.


e

感情などを〉感じる経験する.


f

誓いを〉立てる.


take (an) oath 誓う.

2

a

乗り物に〉乗る.


b

進路などを〉たどる.


3

a

位置などを〉占める取る.


take a chair いすに腰かける.
Is this seat taken? このどなたかおいでになりますか 《空いていますか》.

b

官職地位に〉つく.


4

容器乗り物などが〉〈…を〉収容する(ことができる); 〈重さなどを〉支える.


The car takes five people. そのは 5 乗りだ.
This cask takes three liters. このたるは 3 リットル入る.

5

a

仕事責任などを〉引き受ける; 〈クラス科目などを〉担当する受け持つ.


take charge of …を担任する, る.
Which of the teachers has taken your class (for English)? どの先生君のクラスの(英語の)担任なったのか.

b

役目職務などを〉務める行なう.


6

性質などを〉とる.


7

a

写真を〉撮る.


b

〔+目的語(+down)〕〈…を〉書き取る.


8

a

(手を取るなどして)〈…を〉調べる計る確かめる.


The nurse took the patient's temperature. 看護婦患者体温った.

b

調査を〉行なう.


自動詞

1

などが〉つく.


The fire is beginning to take. がつき始めている.
The play took from its first performance [with the public]. その初演からヒットした[大衆受けた].

5

a

薬剤忠告などが〉効き目がある.


b

染料が〉染まる.


6

〔+補語〕《口語》〈病気に〉なる.


7

〔+from+()名詞〕〔効果価値を〕減じる,〔名声などを〕損ねる.



自動詞としての「take」のイディオムやフレーズ
be tàken abáckbe tàken úp with…
nòt táking ánytàke a backséat
tàke a bówtáke a chánce [(one's) chances]
tàke advántage of…táke àfter…
táke agàinst…tàke a léaf from [òut of] a person's bóok
tàke apárttàke a person asíde
tàke a person at his wórdstàke…as réad
tàke awáytàke báck
tàke cáretàke cáre of…
tàke dówntàke hóld
tàke hóld of…tàke ín
tàke…in hándtáke it
táke it from metàke it ìnto one's héad that [to dó]…
táke it on one [onesèlf] to dó…táke it or léave it
tàke it óut of a persontàke it óut on…
tàke (one's) léave (of…)tàke one's lífe in one's hánds
táke my wórd for ittàke óff
tàke óntàke óut
táke a person óut of himsèlftàke óver
tàke párt intàke pláce
tàke sídestáke sòme dóing
Táke thát!tàke the air
tàke the bíscuittàke the bréad òut of a person's móuth
tàke the cáketáke the édge òff…
tàke the gílt òff the gíngerbreadtàke the pláce of…
tàke the wórds òut of a person's móuthtàke one's tíme
táke to…táke to the bóats
táke (to) the róadtàke úp
tàke úp with…
名詞可算名詞

a

捕獲高of〕.


2

[通例単数形で] (収益()けなどからの)分け前of〕.


3

【映・テレビ】 1 回分撮影(場面), 1 ショット.



可算名詞としての「take」のイディオムやフレーズ
on the táke 《米俗》

メディアとニュースのほかの用語一覧
テレビ:  suppressor  sustaining program  synchronize  take  test pattern  track  transcribe

「take」を含む例文一覧

該当件数 : 30463



例文

get [take] a licking 例文帳に追加

負ける. - 研究社 新英和中辞典

take fire 例文帳に追加

火がつく. - 研究社 新英和中辞典

例文

take a look at… 例文帳に追加

…を見る. - 研究社 新英和中辞典


Eゲイト英和辞典での「take」の意味

take

音節take発音記号téɪk変化~s{~s};過去took{tʊ́k};過分taken{~ən}; tak・ing~s{~s}
コア自分のところ取り込む
何かをにして自分のところ取り込む動作関与し,「あるところから何かを取る」「何かをに)取る」「何かを自分のところ取り込む」の3つ側面のどこを強調するかで,さまざまな意味展開する
あるところから何かを取る動詞
を)取る他動詞1
から)取り上げる他動詞2
持ってくる他動詞3
を)引く他動詞4
興味などを)引き出す他動詞5
何かを取る動詞
手に取る他動詞6
寸法などを)取る他動詞7
例として取り上げる他動詞8
到達点に)持って行く連れて行く
他動詞9
何かを自分のところ取り込む動詞
受け取る他動詞10
摂取する他動詞11
買う手に入れる他動詞12
専攻する定期購読する他動詞13
忠告などを)受け入れる他動詞14a
仕事などを)引き受ける他動詞15
乗り物を)利用する他動詞16a
ことばを)受け止める他動詞17
行為動作する他動詞18
時間労力などを)要する他動詞19
場所を)取る他動詞

動詞
他動詞
あるところから何かを取る
1を〈ある場所から〉取る片付ける〈from/out of
2を〈から〉(無理やり取り上げる奪う〈from〉;(病気事故などが)(人のを奪う;(などが)(ある場所)を占領する

3を〈ある場所から〉持ってくる受け継ぐ引き継ぐを〈…から引用する〈from〉

4)を〈あるから〉引く値段)を〈価格から〉引く〈from〉
5興味誇り怒り喜びなど)を引き出す見い出す
何かを取る
6具体)を手に取るつかむをとらえるつかまえる
8を(例として取り上げる
9到達点示して〕aが)を〈…に持って行く連れて行くto〉(「何かをにしてそのままの状態でto示された場所まで移動するという意味
b乗り物が)()を〈…に連れていくto

c((比ゆ))を〈…に導くto
何かを自分のところ取り込む
10受け取る取る;〈として受け入れるas
11摂取する飲み込む吸い込む;(液体を吸収する
12買う手に入れる部屋など)を借りる
13授業など)を取る専攻する新聞雑誌など)を定期購読する
14a忠告など)を受け入れる
b批判など)を甘受する我慢する
c一撃など)を受ける
15仕事責任など)を引き受ける地位)に就く;(役割)を(引き受けて)演じる
16a乗り物)を利用する
b進路を取る

17atake A for B》AをBとして受け止めるみなすAをBと間違える勘違いする
bことばなど)を(あるふうに)受け止める(副詞()などを伴う
c態度など)をとる
18行為動作〕((行為動作含意する名詞を伴って))(主体的にする(「取り込み」のイメージから主体性連想される
19物・事が)(時間労力など)を取る要する機械などが)必要とする

自動詞

成句take after ...
など血縁関係のある)に似るresemble他人同士にも使えるが,take after ...の場合遺伝的に後から特徴取り込むという含意があり,血縁関係のある限定される

成句take against ...
…に反抗する嫌う

成句take along
)を〈…に連れていく;()を〈…に持っていくto

成句take apart
((take apart))分解できる;((take apart))分解する
((take apart))徹底的にやっつける酷評する

成句take around
を案内する連れまわる

成句take ... aside
話をするためにわきへ連れていく

成句take away
持ち連れ去る奪う取り上げる取り除く
を引く
差しいて考える
警察などに)連行する,(病院などに)連れて行く
食卓など)を片付ける

成句take (away) from ...
価値など)を減じる

成句take back
((take back))(品物など)を返品する;(借りたもの)を返却する
((take ... back))()を送っていく;連れ戻す
((take ... back))を(昔に連れ戻す思い出させる
((take back))(前言など)を取り消す

成句take |A| before |B|
AをBの前に提出する;AをBのもとへ連れて行く出頭させる

成句take down
降ろす
)を切り倒す,(建物機械など)を解体する,(テント)をたたむ
書き留める書き取る

成句take in
((take in))()を取り入れる
((take in))(衣服)のを詰める;()をたたむ
((take in ...))を吸収する
((take in ...))(を受け入れる泊める;(下宿人を置く
((take in ...))理解する飲み込む通例否定文用いる
((take in))()を取り込むだますしばしば受け身用いる
((take in ...))…に見入る
((take in ...))(映画名所)を見に行く,(パーティー)に出る訪ねる
((take in))併合する
((take in))警察連行する

成句take off
((take off))離陸する出発する;(ジャンプで)地面離れる
((take off))(事業などが)軌道に乗るうまく走り出す
((take off))姿をくらます,(逃げるため)急いで走る
((take off))(帽子衣服を脱ぐ;(化粧)を落とす;(眼鏡ネックレスなど)をはずす
((take off))を取るはずす;((take off))(などを)取り除く切る
((take ... off))(を引く
((take ... off))(ある期間)の休みを取る;((take off))〈を〉休む〈from〉
((take off))の上を打ち切る,(列車の運行)をやめる通例受け身用いる
((take off))を(役割などから)外す;(名前など)を削除する
((take off))(などの難破から)を救出する
((take off ...))(からかって)(特徴を取るまねる

成句take on
((take on))(仕事など)を受け入れる引き受ける
((take on))(けんか競技などで)相手にする
((take on ...))(性質表情など)を帯びる
((take on))を乗せる積む
((take on))(を受け入れる採用する

成句take out
を取り出す
動物)を〈…に連れ出す〈for/to〉
お金を引き出す借り出す
(())(料理)を買って持ち帰るテイクアウトする
免許証など)を取得する;(保険)に入る
を取り除く;(など)を抜く
(())破壊するを殺す消す

成句take over
((take over))引き継ぐ;((take over))を引き継ぐ
((take over))支配する;((take over))を支配する乗っ取る

成句take round
=take around

成句take |A| through |B|
A()とB(台詞文書)の読み合わせをする

成句take to ...
好きになる…になじむようになるする実力をつける
習慣がつく習慣的にし始める
隠れ場所などを求めて…に向かう行く
暴力などに)に訴える

成句take up
((take up))(中断続ける;((take up))(中断続ける
((take up))縮む;((take up))(衣服など)を短く詰める
((take up))(楽しみのひとつとしてを始める
((take up))(仕事任務につく
((take up))(問題)を取り上げる;(専攻としてを学ぶ
((take up))(考えを受け入れる;(申し出挑戦を受け入れる応じる
((take up ...))(場所・時間を取る;()を占める
((take up))持ち上げる拾い上げる;(カーペットなど)を(持ち上げて)取り外す

成句be taken up with ...
…に時間とられる心を奪われる

成句be taken with ...
病気など)にかかる;()を奪われる

成句have (got) what it takes
(())(やり遂げるのに)必要な資質を持っている

成句take ... as it is [it comes, they are]
そのまま受け取る

成句take it
と〉思う〈that
(())耐える我慢する

成句take it on [upon] |oneself|
することを〉買ってでる,引き受けるto do

成句take it out of ...
(())がっくりさせる疲れさせる

成句take it out on ...
(())…に怒りなどを)ぶつける八つあたりをする

成句taken all in all
あれこれ考慮して

成句take |a person| out of |himself / herself|
)をしませていやなことを忘れさせる

成句take place
place名詞成句

成句Take that!
(())これでもらえ!

成句take |a person| up on ...
(())()に…について問いただす文句をいう
(())()の(申し出など)を受け入れる

成句take up with |a person|
)と親しくする好ましくないについて用いる

成句take up ... with |a person|⇔take ... up with |a person|
((かたい))取り上げて()と論じる検討する

成句(You can [may]) take it from me (that ... )
(())(のということば)をなさい

成句(You can) take it or leave it.
(())それを受け入れるか(嫌なら)やめるかだ(最終的な提示であることを表す表現

名詞

ネットワーク手に取る
take:自分のところ取り入れる何かをにして引き寄せる動きがある.Take the pen.例えば置いてあるペン伸ばしつかみそれを手前に引き寄せるという動作連想される
catch:動いているものをつかむ何かをすばやくつかむという動きがあるCatch the pen.だれかがペン投げそれを誰か別の人つかみとるという動作連想される
hold:何かを手で一時的に押さえる動きというよりは何かをにした状態を維持することに力点があるHold the pen.にしたペンしばらくつかんだままにしておくということ連想される
7寸法など)を取る測る;(体温など)を測る
take04.jpg

ハイパー英語辞書での「take」の意味

take

動詞
用例
The scientists are taking water samples from the river.

科学技術論文動詞集での「take」の意味

take


take

和英河川・水資源用語集での「take」の意味

take

法令用語日英標準対訳辞書での「take」の意味

take

学術用語英和対訳集での「take」の意味

take

JST科学技術用語日英対訳辞書での「take」の意味

日本語WordNet(英和)での「take」の意味

take

動詞
1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9































It takes nerve to do what she did 彼女がしたことには勇気がいる



This surface will not take the dye この表面は、まらないだろう
名詞
1

2

日英固有名詞辞典での「take」の意味

Take

日本人苗字

多気田家


Take

日本人名前

;桓;け;;健;タケ;毅;多気け;;﨣;たけ


Take

地名
地名読み方
たけ
たけ
たけ

Weblio専門用語対訳辞書での「take」の意味

TAKE

取る

カテゴリ 技術用語


Take

Weblio専門用語対訳辞書はプログラムで機械的に意味や英語表現を生成しているため、不適切な項目が含まれていることもあります。ご了承くださいませ。 お問い合わせ

Wiktionary英語版での「take」の意味

take

出典:『Wiktionary』 (2016/06/09 01:48 UTC 版)

発音

動詞

take ‎(三人称単数 現在 takes, 現在分詞 taking, 過去形 took, 過去分詞 taken)

  1. (transitive) To get into one's hands, possession, or control, with or without force.
    take a pen off the desk‎; they took Charlton's gun from his cold, dead hands
    I'll take that plate off the table
    1. (transitive) To seize or capture.
      take the guards prisoner‎; take prisoners
      After a bloody battle, they were able to take the city.
    2. (transitive) To catch or get possession of (fish または game).
      took ten catfish in one afternoon
    3. (transitive, cricket) To catch the ball; especially as a wicket-keeper and after the batsman has missed or edged it.
    4. (transitive) To appropriate or transfer into one's own possession, sometimes by physically carrying off.
      Billy took her pencil
    5. (transitive) To exact.
      take a toll‎; take revenge
    6. (transitive) To capture or win (a piece または trick) in a game.
      took the next two tricks‎; took Smith's rook
  2. (transitive) To receive or accept (something) (especially something given または bestowed, awarded, etc).
    took third place‎; took bribes
    the camera takes 35mm film
    1. (transitive) To receive or accept (something) as payment or compensation.
      the store doesn't take checks‎; she wouldn't take any money for her help‎; do you take credit?
      the vending machine only takes bills, it doesn't take coins
    2. (transitive) To accept and follow (advice, etc).
      take my advice
    3. (transitive) To receive into some relationship.
      take a wife‎; the school only takes new students in the fall‎; the therapist wouldn't take him as a client
    4. (transitive, intransitive, law) To receive or acquire (property) by law (e.g. as an heir).
  3. (transitive) To remove.
    take two egg from the cartoon
    1. (transitive) To remove or end by death; to kill.
      the earthquake took many lives‎; the plague took rich and poor alike
      cancer took her life‎; he took his life last night
    2. (transitive) To subtract.
      take one from three and you are left with two
  4. (transitive) To have sex with.
  5. (transitive) To defeat (someone または something) in a fight.
    Don't try to take that guy. He's bigger than you.
    The woman guarding us looks like a professional, but I can take her!
  6. (transitive) To grasp or grip.
    he took her hand in his
  7. (transitive) To select or choose; to pick.
    take whichever bag you like
    she took the best men with her and left the rest to garrison the city
    I'll take the blue plates.
  8. (transitive) To adopt (select) as one's own.
    she took his side in every argument
    take a stand on the important issues
  9. (transitive) To carry or lead (something または someone).
    she took her sword with her everywhere she went
    I'll take the plate with me.
    1. (transitive, especially of a vehicle) To transport or carry; to convey to another place.
      The next bus will take you to Metz.
      I took him for a ride‎; I took him down to London.
    2. (transitive, of a path, road, etc) To lead (to a place); to serve as a means of reaching.
      These stairs take you down to the basement.
      Stone Street took us right past the store.
    3. (transitive) To pass (または attempt to pass) through or around.
      she took the steps two or three at a time‎; he took the curve / corner too fast
      The pony took every hedge and fence in its path.
    4. (transitive) To escort or conduct.
      He took her to lunch at the new restaurant, took her to the movies, and then took her home.
    5. (reflexive) To go.
  10. (transitive) To use as a means of transportation.
    take the ferry‎; I took a plane
    he took the bus to London, and then took a train to Manchester
  11. (obsolete) To visit; to include in a course of travel.
  12. (transitive) To obtain for use by payment or lease.
    she took a condo at the beach for the summer‎; he took a full-page ad in the Times
    1. (transitive) To obtain or receive regularly by (paid) subscription.
      they took two magazines
      I used to take The Sunday Times.
  13. (transitive) To consume.
    1. (transitive) To receive (medicine) into one's body, e.g. by inhalation or swallowing; to ingest.
      take two of these and call me in the morning‎; take the blue pill
      I take aspirin every day to thin my blood.
    2. (transitive) To partake of (food または drink); to consume.
      the general took dinner at seven o'clock‎; I'll take two sugars in my coffee, please.
  14. (transitive) To experience, undergo, or endure.
    1. (transitive) To undergo; to put oneself into, to be subjected to.
      take sun-baths‎; take a shower‎; she made the decision to take chemotherapy
    2. (transitive) To experience or feel.
      she takes pride in her work‎; I take offence at that
      to take a dislike‎; to take pleasure in his opponent's death
    3. (transitive) To submit to; to endure (without ill humor, resentment, または physical failure).
      took a pay cut‎; take a joke‎; the hull took a lot of punishment before it broke
      I can take the noise, but I can't take the smell.
      That truck bed will only take two tons.
    4. (transitive) To participate in.
      She took a vacation to France but spent the whole time feeling miserable that her husband couldn't be there with her.
      Aren't you supposed to take your math final today?
      I had to take a pee.
    5. (transitive) To suffer, to endure (a hardship または damage).
      the ship took a direct hit and was destroyed‎; her career took a hit
  15. (transitive) To cause to change to a specified state or condition.
  16. (transitive) To regard in a specified way.
    he took the news badly
  17. (transitive) To conclude or form (a decision または an opinion) in the mind.
    took the decision to close its last remaining outlet
    took a dim view of city officials
  18. (transitive) To understand (especially in a specified way).
    Don't take my comments as an insult.
    if she took my meaning
  19. (transitive) To accept or be given (rightly または wrongly); assume (especially as if by right).
    He took all the credit for the project, although he had done almost none of the work.
    She took the blame, in the public's eyes, although the debacle was more her husband's fault than her own.
  20. (transitive) To believe, to accept the statements of.
    take her word for it‎; take him at his word
  21. (transitive) To asume or suppose; to reckon; to regard or consider.
    take it from her comments she won't be there.
    I took him to be a person of honor.‎; He was often taken to be a man of means.
    Do you take me for a fool?‎; Do you take me to be stupid?
    Looking at him as he came into the room, I took him for his father.
  22. (transitive) To draw, derive, or deduce (a meaning from something).
    I'm not sure what moral to take from that story.
  23. (transitive) To derive (as a title); to obtain from a source.
    "As I Lay Dying" takes its title from Book XI of Homer's "Odyssey"
  24. (transitive) To catch or contract (an illness, etc).
    took a chill
  25. (transitive) To come upon or catch (in a particular state または situation).
  26. (transitive) To captivate or charm; to gain or secure the interest or affection of.
    took her fancy‎; took her attention
  27. (transitive, of cloth, paper, etc) To absorb or be impregnated by (dye, ink, etc); to be susceptible to being treated by (polish, etc).
    cloth that takes dye well‎; paper that takes ink‎; the leather that takes a certain kind of polish
  28. (transitive, of a ship) To let in (water).
  29. (transitive) To require.
    it takes a while to get used to the smell
    Looks like it's gonna take a taller person to get that down.   Finishing this on schedule will take a lot of overtime.
  30. (transitive) To proceed to fill.
    He took a seat in the front row.
  31. (transitive) To fill, to use up (time または space).
    hunting that whale takes most of his free time‎; his collection takes a lot of space
    The trip will take about ten minutes.
  32. (transitive) To avail oneself of.
    he took that opportunity to leave France
  33. (transitive) To perform, to do.
    take a walk‎; take action/steps/measures to fight drug abuse‎; take a trip‎; take aim‎; take the tempo slowly
    The kick is taken from where the foul occurred.‎; Pirès ran in to take the kick.‎; The throw-in is taken from the point where the ball crossed the touch-line.‎}}
  34. (transitive) To assume or perform (a form または role).
    1. (transitive) To assume (a form).
      took the form of a duck‎; took shape‎; a god taking the likeness of a bird
    2. (transitive) To perform (a role).
      take the part of the villain/hero
    3. (transitive) To assume and undertake the duties of (a job, an office, etc).
      take office‎; take the throne
  35. (transitive) To bind oneself by.
    he took the oath of office last night
  36. (transitive) To move into.
    the witness took the stand‎; the next team took the field
  37. (transitive) To go into, through, or along.
    go down two blocks and take the next left‎; take the path of least resistance
  38. (transitive) To have or take recourse to.
    take cover/shelter/refuge
  39. (transitive) To ascertain or determine by measurement, examination or inquiry.
    take her pulse / temperature / blood pressure‎; take a census
  40. (transitive) To write down; to get in, or as if in, writing.
    he took a mental inventory of his supplies‎; she took careful notes
  41. (transitive) To make (a photograph, film, または other reproduction of something).
    she took a video of their encounter‎; could you take a picture of us?‎; the police took his fingerprints
  42. (transitive, dated) To take a picture, photograph, etc of (a person, scene, etc).
    The photographer will take you sitting down.
    to take a group/scene
  43. (transitive) To obtain money from, especially by swindling.
    took me for ten grand
  44. (transitive, now chiefly by enrolling in a class または course) To apply oneself to the study of.
    as a child, she took ballet
    I plan to take math, physics, literature and flower arrangement this semester.
  45. (transitive) To deal with.
    take matters as they arise
  46. (transitive) To consider in a particular way, or to consider as an example.
    I've had a lot of problems recently: take last Monday, for example. My car broke down on the way to work. Then ... etc.
  47. (transitive, baseball) To decline to swing at (a pitched ball); to refrain from hitting at, and allow to pass.
    He'll probably take this one.
  48. (transitive, grammar) To have an be used with (a certain grammatical form, etc).
    This verb takes the dative; that verb takes the genitive.
  49. (intransitive) To get or accept (something) into one's possession.
    My husband and I have a dysfunctional marriage. He just takes and takes; he never gives.
  50. (intransitive) To engage, take hold or have effect.
    1. (intransitive, of ink, dye, etc) To adhere or be absorbed properly.
      the dye didn't take
    2. (intransitive, of a plant, etc) To begin to grow after being grafted or planted; to (literally または figuratively) take root, take hold.
      not all grafts take
      I started some tomato seeds last spring, but they didn't take.
    3. (intransitive, of a mechanical device) To catch; to engage.
    4. (intransitive, possibly dated) To win acceptance, favor or favorable reception; to charm people.
    5. (intransitive) To have the intended effect.
  51. (intransitive) To become; to be affected in a specified way.
    They took ill within 3 hours.‎; She took sick with the flu.
  52. (intransitive, possibly dated) To be able to be accurately or beautifully photographed.
  53. (intransitive, dialectal, proscribed)[1] An intensifier.
  54. (transitive, obsolete) To deliver, give (something) to (someone).
  55. (transitive, obsolete outside dialects かつ slang) To give or deliver (a blow, to someone); to strike or hit.
    He took me a blow on the head.

引用

反意語